As Greece nears default, investors try not to panic

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As Greece Nears Default, Investors Try Not to Panic

If you break a dinner glass at the table, the last thing you want to do is yank the table cloth and shatter everything else, too.

That's the challenge investors in European bond markets now face, amid growing fears of contamination from Greece's debt crisis.

Over the weekend, Greece's European creditors decided not to extend the deadline for the country's bailout package, meaning Tuesday is the country's final day.

In response, Greece enacted withdrawal restrictions on all its banks and called an emergency vote to decide if the country should accept its creditors' stringent demands — which leaves other European markets unsure of the future.

Best case scenario: Greece implodes, other bond markets take a short-term hit, but the effects remain mostly isolated.

Worst case scenario? The collapse triggers a panic, investors pull all of their money out of uncontrollable bonds and other vulnerable countries are put in the same position as Greece.

A panic, of course, is caused by panic — letting hypothetical fears fuel short-term protective impulses. But if investors are afraid of widespread contagion, panicking is the last thing they should do.

A panicked investor's logic goes like this: If Greece goes bankrupt, then that means other eurozone countries can go bankrupt, too, so I should get all of my money out before the country can't pay it back. This panic then cheapens bonds.

But the fastest way for other countries — like Italy, for example — to go bankrupt is for all of its revenue to vanish and payments to climb as a result of a tanking bond market. A panicked investor is her own worst nightmare.

That's why other eurozone countries, led by Germany, are calling on everyone to stay calm and weather the storm. Ideally, struggling economies will eventually rebound with continued support, like Spain has shown signs of doing this year.

Greece might have broken its plate at the table, but investors are now responsible for keeping the other dinnerware intact.

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