UN says the world needs to do more to fight against AIDS

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UN Says the World Needs to Do More to Fight AIDS

We're winning the fight against AIDS... But not fast enough.

A commission made up of experts from the United Nations and The Lancet medical journal released a new report Thursday detailing how far the world has come in fighting AIDS.

It's somewhat sobering. According to the report, the world isn't doing enough to combat the AIDS epidemic — at least not quickly enough.

Essentially, the report says the world has the next five years to step up its fight against AIDS. If it does, the epidemic could be gone by 2030. If it doesn't, then the progress made up until now will revert.

The human and financial consequences of that happening, says the executive director of UNAIDS, will be catastrophic.

The United Nations has issued this warning before. Another report released last year bore the same message — ramp up the fight against AIDS by 2020 or else the epidemic will rebound.

Of course, it's not all bad news. The world has made big strides in its 34-year fight against the epidemic.

From 2001 to 2013, total annual HIV infections dropped by 38 percent. And from 2002 to 2013, annual HIV infections in children dropped by 58 percent.

AIDS-related deaths dropped 35 percent between 2005, when the most deaths were recorded, and 2013.

But there are signs more needs to be done. Of the estimated 35 million people living with HIV, 13.6 million are receiving the medicine they need to combat it.

And 19 million do not know they have the virus. The United Nations says all 35 million will need to be on treatment if the epidemic is to end.

The goal is to reach what the United Nations calls 90-90-90 status by 2020 — where 90 percent of those with HIV know their status, 90 percent of those who know their status are on medication, and 90 percent of those on medication are getting better.

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