Arthur Conan Doyle was born on May 22, 1859, in Edinburgh, Scotland. He is best known as the author who created the beloved fictional character Detective Sherlock Holmes.
Doyle wrote 60 mystery stories featuring Detective Sherlock Holmes, who was first introduced in Doyle's 1890 novel, A Study in Scarlet.
In honor of Arthur Conan Doyle, take a look at some of the most memorable portrayals of Sherlock Holmes.
Arthur Conan Doyle, Sherlock Holmes
This day in history: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle is born
FILE - This 1930 photo shows Sir Arthur Conan Doyle, the author and creator of Sherlock Holmes. Writer Leslie Klinger is challenging the Conan Doyle Estate, LTD over the right to use the Sherlock Holmes character in new tales. (AP Photo/File)
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Lady Jean Conan Doyle, with their two sons and daughter, at Waterloo Station, London, before their departure for the United States.
Michael Caine, left, portraying Sherlock Holmes, and Ben Kingsley as Dr. Watson are shown with red clown noses on the set of "Sherlock and Me" at Pinewood Studios in London, England, Feb. 3, 1988. The noses, not part of the story, are worn by the actors to publicize "Comic Relief," a charity appeal to aid the world's starving. (AP Photo/Dave Caulkin)
English actor Carleton Hobbs, dressed as Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's world-famous detective Sherlock Holmes, is taken in a hansom cab to the Criterion Restaurant in Piccadilly Circus, London. He is witnessing the unveiling of a plaque recording his character's meeting with Dr Watson at the long bar there in 1851.
Actor Jeremy Brett, seen here in this Jan. 17, 1989 file photo, famous for his portrayal of detective Sherlock Holmes on television, died peacefully of heart failure in his sleep at his London home early Tuesday Sept. 12 1995, it was announced Wednesday Sept. 13, 1995. Brett was 59. (AP Photo/files)
Actor Jeremy Brett (r), preparing for the title role in 'The Secret of Sherlock Holmes', gives Edward Hardwicke (Dr Watson) an elementary detection lesson at the Wyndham Theatre in London's West End where the new mystery by Jeremy Paul opens for previews.
American actor and playwright William Gillette is shown as Sherlock Holmes in this undated photo. (AP Photo)
Actors Basil Rathbone (1892-1967) and Nigel Bruce (1895-1953) have a conversation in a still from the film, 'The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes' directed by Alfred L. Werker, 1939. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
THE COVER OF THE 1887 BEETON'S CHRISTMAS ANNUAL WHICH FEATURES A STUDY IN SCARLET, SIR ARTHUR CONAN DOYLE'S FIRST SHERLOCK HOLMES MYSTERY. THE ANNUAL IS DUE TO BE AUCTIONED WITH HUNDREDS OF ITEMS OF HOLMES MEMORABILIA. (Photo via PA Wire)
circa 1880: Detective Sherlock Holmes in a railway carriage with his companion Dr Watson. Original Artwork: Drawing from 'Strand' magazine (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
1902: A scene from the Sherlock Holmes adventure 'The Hound of the Baskervilles', in which the ghastly apparition appears on the moors, glowing with an eerie light. The story was written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in 1902. Illustration by Sidney Pagett from 'The Strand Magazine'. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
5th October 1953: A locomotive named Sherlock Holmes gets a visit from a man dressed as its namesake, the famous fictional detective, at Baker Street Station in London. Drivers Bunce and Turner lean out of the train's window. (Photo by Ron Case/Keystone/Getty Images)
circa 1925: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 - 1930) author best known for writing the Sherlock Holmes stories. Doyle studied medicine at Edinburgh University and practised as a physician during the 2nd Boer War. He started publishing short stories in 1879 while working as a doctor in Southsea. The Sherlock Holmes stories were serialised in 'The Strand' magazine and proved so popular that Doyle felt pressurized to revive the character after the detective had plunged to his death over a waterfall. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)
circa 1890: The novelist Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859 - 1930) and creator of Sherlock Holmes. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)
British actor Michael Caine is shown in his role as Sherlock Holmes during rehearsals for the film "Sherlock and Me," in London, Jan. 26, 1988. (AP Photo/Gillian Allen)
British actor Peter Egan as Holmes poses for photographers during a photocall for the new production of 'The Secret of Sherlock Holmes' at the Duchess Theatre in London, Monday, July 19, 2010. (AP Photo/Akira Suemori)
A few of the over 3,000 artifacts that belonged to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle on view at Christie's auction house in London Thursday May 13, 2004. The items include the first known reference to Conan Doyle's detective hero Sherlock Holmes, in a sketch for a book called 'A Study in Scarlet', seen at top of page , which is estimated to sell for over $177,000. These and the other items were found in a London law firm's archive, where they were stored and forgotten after they were taken fron Doyle's writing desk in 1930 following his death. The name plate comes from his surgery in Southsea, and is estimated at $17,000. (AP Photo/Alastair Grant)
Tim Johnson, curator of special collections and rare books at the University of Minnesota Libraries holds an original copy of A Study in Scarlet, written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle which is the first story to feature the character of Sherlock Holmes, at the Elmer L. Anderson Library on Nov. 23, 2009 at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. The book is one of more than 60, 000 items in the Sherlock Holmes collection at the University of Minnesota which is home to just about everything and anything pertaining to Sherlock Holmes including original books and manuscripts from the early Holmes stories and pop culture items like the Sesame Street character Sherlock Hemlock. (AP Photo/Dawn Villella)
Tim Johnson, curator of special collections and rare books at the University of Minnesota Libraries, holds one of the items in the Sherlock Holmes Collection at the Elmer L. Anderson Library on Wednesday Nov. 23, 2009 at the University of MInnesota in Minneapolis. There are more than 60,000 items in the Sherlock Holmes collection including original books and manuscripts from the early Holmes stories and pop culture items like the Sesame Street character Sherlock Hemlock. (AP Photo/Dawn Villella)
A Museum of London employee poses for photographers next to a 1897 oil on canvas portrait of Sherlock Holmes author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle by illustrator Sidney Paget on display as part of the exhibition "Sherlock Holmes: The Man Who Never Lived and Will Never Die" at the Museum of London in London, Thursday, Oct. 16, 2014. The exhibition, which opens to the public on Friday, is the largest on the fictional detective created by Scottish author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to be held in the UK for 60 years. (AP Photo/Matt Dunham)
General view of the Sherlock Holmes Museum, on Baker Street, in central London on Monday June 2, 2014. (Dominic Lipinski/PA Wire)
LONDON, ENGLAND - MARCH 26: A general view of a blue plaque outside the former home of the fictional Character Sherlock Holmes on March 26, 2012 in London, England. 221B Baker Street is the London address of the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, which was created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - MARCH 26: A general view of the sign outside the former home of the fictional Character Sherlock Holmes on March 26, 2012 in London, England. 221B Baker Street is the London address of the fictional detective Sherlock Holmes, which was created by author Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
The Sherlock Holmes statue outside Baker Street tube station in London. (Photo by Philip Toscano/PA Wire)