Nearly 36 million men, women and children are enslaved around the world

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Nearly 36 million men, women and children are enslaved around the world
Aneeta Prem, founder of Freedom Charity, speaks during an interview in central London, Thursday, Nov. 21, 2013. Freedom Charity helped to rescue three women from a house in south London who were held as slaves for 30 years. London's Metropolitan Police spoke about the rescues after two people were arrested early Thursday on suspicion of forced labor and domestic servitude. Those freed on Oct. 25, 2013 are a 69-year-old Malaysian woman, a 57-year-old Irish woman and a 30-year-old British woman, police said. (AP Photo/Sang Tan)
Police stand guard outside a block of residential flats in south London on November 24, 2013 where investigations have centred following the arrest of a man and a woman suspected of holding three women captive in a London house for 30 years. The suspects are of Indian and Tanzanian origin and two of the victims were part of a political 'collective', police said. Police carried out house-to-house enquiries on November 23, speaking to residents living near the south London address where the suspects were arrested. The exact location has not been officially revealed but the police operation centred on a modern, low-rise block of flats in Brixton. AFP PHOTO / BEN STANSALL (Photo credit should read BEN STANSALL/AFP/Getty Images)
NEPAL - 2013/11/14: Urmila Chaudhary was only six years old when her parents sold her as Kamlari, a form of child slave, she had no proper childhood and was always the last resort in the family she lived with. At the age of six, she was forced to leave to Kathmandu, a journey of 400 km geographically, mentally, a much longer journey. She wasn't allowed to eat what the family ate, or speak when she wasn't addressed. 'They used to lock me when they went out, they gave me the old food that had gone bad; I had thoughts and feelings but they treated their dogs better than me.' Today, she is the democratically elected leader of an organisation that fights serfdom in Nepal and has spoken before the United Nations General Assembly; she is determined to abolish the formally forbidden system that still operates in secret. The Kamaiya/Kamlari issue is a form of slavery where families sell their daughters as child-slaves in exchange for loans. Ongoing issues on these human rights have been battled against for many years. As exorbitant debts were charged, many families were forced into generations slavery to to pay off these debts. It was only till many protests led to its banning in the year 2000 and the banning of Kamlari system in 2006 that saw an end to the ongoing dispute; over the last decade, 12,000 Kamlaris were freed and it is estimated that there are 500-1000 still alive in captivity as the Kamlari system still operates secretly. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
NEPAL - 2013/11/14: Geeta Chaudhary, 20, and her elder sister Aasha Chaudhary are ex-Kamlaris (child slaves) who now work in their own restaurant that they were able to push through with a micro-loan. The Kamaiya/Kamlari issue is a form of slavery where families sell their daughters as child-slaves in exchange for loans. Ongoing issues on these human rights have been battled against for many years. As exorbitant debts were charged, many families were forced into generations slavery to to pay off these debts. It was only till many protests led to its banning in the year 2000 and the banning of Kamlari system in 2006 that saw an end to the ongoing dispute; over the last decade, 12,000 Kamlaris were freed and it is estimated that there are 500-1000 still alive in captivity as the Kamlari system still operates secretly. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
NEPAL - 2013/11/14: Geeta Chaudhary, 20, is an ex-Kamlari (child slave) who now works with her elder sister Aasha Chaudhary in their restaurant that they were able to push through with a micro-loan. The Kamaiya/Kamlari issue is a form of slavery where families sell their daughters as child-slaves in exchange for loans. Ongoing issues on these human rights have been battled against for many years. As exorbitant debts were charged, many families were forced into generations slavery to to pay off these debts. It was only till many protests led to its banning in the year 2000 and the banning of Kamlari system in 2006 that saw an end to the ongoing dispute; over the last decade, 12,000 Kamlaris were freed and it is estimated that there are 500-1000 still alive in captivity as the Kamlari system still operates secretly. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
NEPAL - 2013/11/14: Geeta Chaudhary, 20, and her elder sister Aasha Chaudhary are ex-Kamlaris (child slaves) who now work in their own restaurant that they were able to push through with a micro-loan. The Kamaiya/Kamlari issue is a form of slavery where families sell their daughters as child-slaves in exchange for loans. Ongoing issues on these human rights have been battled against for many years. As exorbitant debts were charged, many families were forced into generations slavery to to pay off these debts. It was only till many protests led to its banning in the year 2000 and the banning of Kamlari system in 2006 that saw an end to the ongoing dispute; over the last decade, 12,000 Kamlaris were freed and it is estimated that there are 500-1000 still alive in captivity as the Kamlari system still operates secretly. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
NEPAL - 2013/11/14: Dil Kumari Chaudhary stands outside of her parents house - now age 21, was an ex-Kamlari (child slave) who was sold by her parents to a host family; she was freed four years ago after her parents sent a pig to compensate for revenue losses. 'When they sent me I cried so that my eyes were swollen, but I have forgiven now; they made a mistake, but they were poor.' The Kamaiya/Kamlari issue is a form of slavery where families sell their daughters as child-slaves in exchange for loans. Ongoing issues on these human rights have been battled against for many years. As exorbitant debts were charged, many families were forced into generations slavery to to pay off these debts. It was only till many protests led to its banning in the year 2000 and the banning of Kamlari system in 2006 that saw an end to the ongoing dispute; over the last decade, 12,000 Kamlaris were freed and it is estimated that there are 500-1000 still alive in captivity as the Kamlari system still operates secretly. (Photo by Jonas Gratzer/LightRocket via Getty Images)
NEW YORK, NY - SEPTEMBER 23: People protest against labor trafficking and modern day slavery outside the United Nations on September 23, 2013 in New York City. The U.N. General Assembly convenes tomorrow, bringing politicians and business leaders from around the world to New York. (Photo by Andrew Burton/Getty Images)
This undated photo provided by New Mexico Attorney General Gary King’s Office shows an advertisement issued by the department. The ad is part of an ongoing effort to educate law enforcement and the public about what it says is the little-known and little understood problem of modern slavery. While many associate the term with the sex trade in Asia or cross-border trafficking, Maria Sanchez-Gagne, an assistant attorney general who oversees King's program to fight human trafficking, says most cases in New Mexico involve U.S. citizens forced into prostitution or labor. (AP Photo/New Mexico Attorney General’s Office)
This undated photo provided by New Mexico Attorney General Gary King’s Office shows an advertisement issued by the department. The ad is part of an ongoing effort to educate law enforcement and the public about what it says is the little-known and little understood problem of modern slavery. While many associate the term with the sex trade in Asia or cross-border trafficking, Maria Sanchez-Gagne, an assistant attorney general who oversees King's program to fight human trafficking, says most cases in New Mexico involve U.S. citizens forced into prostitution or labor. (AP Photo/New Mexico Attorney General’s Office)
Protesters hold a rally along a street leading to the Philippine International Convention Center, the venue for the opening ceremony of the Global Forum on Migration and Development, GFMD, which is keynoted by U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-moon Wednesday, Oct. 29, 2008 in Manila, Philippines. The protesters assailed the forum as a "modern-day slavery" and urged governments to end labor exportation and to create jobs at home instead. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)
Dr. Mahmoud Azab, the Special Advisor to the Dialogue of the Egyptian Grand Imam of Al Azhar, talks to journalists after signing of an agreement that aims to eradicate slavery during a press conference at the Vatican press hall, Monday, March 17, 2014. Christians and Muslims have joined to try to help free millions of men, women and children held in modern-day slavery, forced to work as maids, prostitutes, child soldiers and manual laborers. The Global Freedom Network launched Monday at the Vatican aims to eradicate slavery by encouraging governments, businesses, educational and faith institutions to rid their supply chains of slave labor. The initiative is the brainchild of Australian billionaire Forrest, who founded the Walk Free Foundation in 2012 to mobilize a grass-roots movement to end slavery. (AP Photo/Gregorio Borgia)
Secretary of State John Kerry presents the 2014 Hero Acting to End Modern Slavery Award to Bhanuja Sharan Lal of India, Friday, June 20, 2014, during the release of the 2014 Trafficking in Persons Report at the State Department in Washington. (AP Photo/Jose Luis Magana)
[UNVERIFIED CONTENT] Stop Sinai Torture supporters marched from Marble Arch to Old Palace Yard by the Houses of Parliament in London on UK Anti-Slavery Day & EU Anti-Trafficking Day to protest against the on-going issues of kidnapping/trafficking and torture of migrants in Sinai. Anti-slavery day falls on October 18th every year and provides an opportunity to draw attention to the scale and scope of human trafficking and other human rights issues.
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 24: Police continue to stand guard for a second day outside a South London block of flats that is being investigated in connection with an alleged slavery case on November 24, 2013 in London, England. Police are conducting house-to-house inquiries in the area after three women, of British, Irish and Malaysian descent, were allegedly held captive as slaves in an apartment in Brixton for thirty years. (Photo by Dan Dennison/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 24: Detectives from CID conduct house-to-house interviews in a South London block of flats that is being investigated in connection with an alleged slavery case on November 24, 2013 in London, England. Police are investigating the area after three women, of British, Irish and Malaysian descent, were allegedly held captive as slaves in an apartment in Brixton for thirty years. (Photo by Dan Dennison/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 24: A detective from CID attempts to talk with residents of a South London block of flats that is being investigated in connection with an alleged slavery case on November 24, 2013 in London, England. Police are conducting house-to-house inquiries in the area after three women, of British, Irish and Malaysian descent, were allegedly held captive as slaves in an apartment in Brixton for thirty years. (Photo by Dan Dennison/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 23: A Police van blocks an access road to a block of flats in South London that are being investigated in connection with an alleged slavery case, on November 23, 2013 in London, England. Police are conducting house-to-house inquiries in the area after three women, of British, Irish and Malaysian descent, were allegedly held captive as slaves in an apartment in Brixton for thirty years. (Photo by Dan Dennison/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 24: Detectives from CID conduct house-to-house interviews in a South London block of flats that is being investigated in connection with an alleged slavery case on November 24, 2013 in London, England. Police are investigating the area after three women, of British, Irish and Malaysian descent, were allegedly held captive as slaves in an apartment in Brixton for thirty years. (Photo by Dan Dennison/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 23: A TV journalist conducts a live broadcast outside a South London block of flats that is being investigated in connection with an alleged slavery case, on November 23, 2013 in London, England. Police are conducting house-to-house inquiries in the area after three women, of British, Irish and Malaysian descent, were allegedly held captive as slaves in an apartment in Brixton for thirty years. (Photo by Dan Dennison/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 24: Detectives from CID conduct house-to-house interviews in a South London block of flats that is being investigated in connection with an alleged slavery case on November 24, 2013 in London, England. Police are investigating the area after three women, of British, Irish and Malaysian descent, were allegedly held captive as slaves in an apartment in Brixton for thirty years. (Photo by Dan Dennison/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - NOVEMBER 23: A street sign for Peckford Place where Police are investigating a South London block of flats in connection with an alleged slavery case, on November 23, 2013 in London, England. Police are conducting house-to-house inquiries in the area after three women, of British, Irish and Malaysian descent, were allegedly held captive as slaves in an apartment in Brixton for thirty years. (Photo by Dan Dennison/Getty Images)
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By RYAN GORMAN

A staggering number of people are enslaved around the world, according to a new study, and poorer nations tend to have more slaves than wealthier countries.

Nearly 36 million men, women and children are living in modern slavery, Gallup has revealed. More than 14 million of them can be found in India alone.

About 35.8 million people are found to be in slavery through the deprivation of individual liberty for the purpose of exploitation, according to Gallup.

Forms of slavery range from human trafficking, forced labor and debt bondage, to forced marriage, commercial sexual exploitation and the sale and exploitation of children, said the polling agency.

In addition to India, high-risk countries include Brazil, Ethiopia, Indonesia, Nepal, Nigeria, Pakistan and Russia, said Gallup, which made the findings in collaboration with Walk Free, a non-profit that produces the Global Slavery Index.

Among individual countries, China places second with 3.2 million slaves, Pakistan third with 2.1 million and Russia fourth with 1 million.

A further 15.2 millions are spread mainly across the remaining high-risk nations and other countries.

A direct correlation was made by Gallup and Walk Free between a country's wealth and the percentage of its population that become enslaved.

"Poverty is a clear risk factor behind modern slavery," said Gallup. "Poorer countries tend to have more slaves."

As a percentage of population, Pakistan's 2.1 million slaves make up one percent of all people.

Nepal has roughly 200,000 slaves, but they make up almost one percent of the small country's population.

All numbers are estimates, and Gallup admits it can be hard to identify victims .

"Most modern slavery is not visible to the general public, and victims may not be easy to identify using standard survey methods," said the pollster.

Less-obvious examples of slavery cited by Gallup include Nepalese factory workers unable to leave their jobs because of threats of violence or legal action and Pakistani farmers forced to work to repay debts.

Both known-victims of slavery and non-victims were interviewed in many countries, including those deemed high-risk.

Modern Slavery Targeted in Campaign

Related links:
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