Putin visits Kazakhstan after remarks cause alarm

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Putin visits Kazakhstan after remarks cause alarm
ASTRAKHAN, RUSSIA - SEPTEMBER 29: President of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev (L), Iranian President Hassan Rouhani (L2), President of Russia Vladimir Putin (L3), President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev (R2) and President of Turkmenistan Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow (R) have their photo taken during at 4th Caspian Summit in Astrakhan, Russia on 29 September, 2014. (Photo by Pool-Press Office of Azerbaijan Presidency/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN - SEPTEMBER 30: Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev attends the session of XI-th Russian-Kazakh forum of regional cooperation on September 30, 2014 in Atyrau, Kazakhstan. Putin is having a one-day visit to Kazakhstan. (Photo by Sasha Mordovets/Getty Images)
ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN - SEPTEMBER 30: Russian President Vladimir Putin attends the session of XI-th Russian-Kazakh forum of regional cooperation on September 30, 2014 in Atyrau, Kazakhstan. Putin is having a one-day visit to Kazakhstan. (Photo by Sasha Mordovets/Getty Images)
ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN - SEPTEMBER 30: Russian President Vladimir Putin attends the session of XI-th Russian-Kazakh forum of regional cooperation on September 30, 2014 in Atyrau, Kazakhstan. Putin is having a one-day visit to Kazakhstan. (Photo by Sasha Mordovets/Getty Images)
ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN - SEPTEMBER 30: Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) and Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev (R) attend the session of XI-th Russian-Kazakh forum of regional cooperation on September 30, 2014 in Atyrau, Kazakhstan. Putin is having a one-day visit to Kazakhstan. (Photo by Sasha Mordovets/Getty Images)
ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN - SEPTEMBER 30: Russian President Vladimir Putin (L) and Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev (R) attend the session of XI-th Russian-Kazakh forum of regional cooperation on September 30, 2014 in Atyrau, Kazakhstan. Putin is having a one-day visit to Kazakhstan. (Photo by Sasha Mordovets/Getty Images)
ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN - SEPTEMBER 30: Russian President Vladimir Putin attends the session of XI-th Russian-Kazakh forum of regional cooperation on September 30, 2014 in Atyrau, Kazakhstan. Putin is having a one-day visit to Kazakhstan. (Photo by Sasha Mordovets/Getty Images)
ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN - SEPTEMBER 30: Russian President Vladimir Putin attends the session of XI-th Russian-Kazakh forum of regional cooperation on September 30, 2014 in Atyrau, Kazakhstan. Putin is having a one-day visit to Kazakhstan. (Photo by Sasha Mordovets/Getty Images)
ATYRAU, KAZAKHSTAN - SEPTEMBER 30: Russian President Vladimir Putin attends the session of XI-th Russian-Kazakh forum of regional cooperation on September 30, 2014 in Atyrau, Kazakhstan. Putin is having a one-day visit to Kazakhstan. (Photo by Sasha Mordovets/Getty Images)
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MOSCOW (AP) - Russian President Vladimir Putin visited Kazakhstan on Tuesday to stress the need for close ties between the two countries, a month after he caused alarm in the former Soviet republic by seeming to question its future as an independent state.

During a meeting with President Nursultan Nazarbayev, Putin said Russia and Kazakhstan were "connected historically and today by a thousand threads, which unite us and help us develop, supporting each other."

Speaking to young Russians in late August, Putin said Kazakhstan had only become a state under Nazarbayev.

"The Kazakhs had never had statehood," Putin said at the time. "He created it. In this sense he is a unique person for the former Soviet space and for Kazakhstan, too."

His remarks were interpreted as suggesting that Kazakhstan's independence might not survive Nazarbayev, who is 74 and has been president since the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Putin went on to say that most people in Kazakhstan wanted closer relations with Russia and to remain part of the "big Russian world."

Russia justified its annexation of the Crimean Peninsula and support for separatists in eastern Ukraine by saying it has a responsibility to protect ethnic Russians outside Russia. Like Ukraine, Kazakhstan has a large ethnic Russian population.

Putin and Nazarbayev had been counting on Ukraine joining the Eurasian Economic Union, a counterweight to the European Union that they are forming together with Belarus. These plans were spoiled when Ukraine's former pro-Moscow president was ousted in February and the new government decided to sign an economic and political cooperation agreement with the EU instead.

The Ukraine conflict has strained ties between Putin and Nazarbayev, while trade between their two countries has dropped significantly, largely because of the damage caused to the Russian economy by Western sanctions.

Shortly before Putin's remarks in August, Nazarbayev insisted that Kazakhstan wasn't giving up its independence in joining the Russia-centered economic union. He also didn't go along with Moscow in banning food imports from the EU, U.S. and other countries that have imposed sanctions on Russia because of its actions in Ukraine.

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