NATO chief: Ukraine has cease-fire 'in name only'

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NATO chief: Ukraine has cease-fire 'in name only'
Newly mobilized Ukrainian soldiers stand at a position during military drills in base Desna 100km north from Kiev, Ukraine, Friday, Feb. 13, 2015. Fierce fighting surged in east Ukraine as Russian-backed separatists mounted a major and sustained new push Friday to capture a strategic railway hub ahead of a weekend cease-fire deadline. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
Newly mobilized Ukrainian soldiers shows his skills during military drills at a base in Desna 100km north from Kiev, Ukraine, Friday, Feb. 13, 2015. Fierce fighting surged in east Ukraine as Russian-backed separatists mounted a major and sustained new push Friday to capture a strategic railway hub ahead of a weekend cease-fire deadline.(AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
Russian-backed separatist sniper plays with a dog as he and others wait for transport preparing to leave towards frontline, in the village of Vergulivka, just outside Debaltseve, eastern Ukraine, Friday, Feb. 13, 2015. Fierce fighting surged Friday in eastern Ukraine as Russian-backed separatists mounted a major, sustained offensive to capture a strategic railway hub ahead of a weekend cease-fire deadline. At least 25 people were killed across the region, officials reported. (AP Photo/Maximilian Clarke)
Ukrainian government soldiers park their vehicles near the road between the towns of Dabeltseve and Artemivsk, Ukraine, Saturday, Feb. 14, 2015. The fighting between Russia-backed separatists and Ukrainian government forces has continued despite the agreement reached by leaders of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France in the Belarusian capital of Minsk on Thursday. Much of the fighting had taken place near Debaltseve, a key transport hub that has been hotly contested in recent days. The leaders agreed to implement a cease-fire, set to take effect on Sunday, at one minute after midnight. (AP Photo/Petr David Josek)
A newly mobilized Ukrainian soldier shows his skills during military drills in base Desna 100km north from Kiev, Ukraine, Friday, Feb. 13, 2015. Fierce fighting surged in east Ukraine as Russian-backed separatists mounted a major and sustained new push Friday to capture a strategic railway hub ahead of a weekend cease-fire deadline. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
A Ukrainian military vehicle travels on the road between the towns of Dabeltseve and Artemivsk, Ukraine, Saturday, Feb. 14, 2015. The fighting between Russia-backed separatists and Ukrainian government forces has continued despite the agreement reached by leaders of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France in the Belarusian capital of Minsk on Thursday. Much of the fighting had taken place near Debaltseve, a key transport hub that has been hotly contested in recent days. The leaders agreed to implement a cease-fire, set to take effect on Sunday, at one minute after midnight. (AP Photo/Petr David Josek)
A woman walks past a partialy damaged building in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk on December 15, 2014. The United Nations released a damning report accusing Ukranian forces and Russian-backed rebels of torturing and indiscriminately shelling civilians in the bloody conflict in the separatist east. AFP PHOTO / VASILY MAXIMOV (Photo credit should read VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images)
Women walk past a partialy damaged building in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk on December 15, 2014. The United Nations released a damning report accusing Ukranian forces and Russian-backed rebels of torturing and indiscriminately shelling civilians in the bloody conflict in the separatist east. AFP PHOTO / VASILY MAXIMOV (Photo credit should read VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images)
Two men carrying their belongings cross a checkpoint in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk on December 14, 2014. Top US diplomat John Kerry is set to meet his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov in Rome, amid anger in Moscow over the prospect of new US sanctions and possible supply of lethal military aid to Ukraine. AFP PHOTO / VASILY MAXIMOV (Photo credit should read VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images)
A woman walks past a damaged market in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk on December 14, 2014. Top US diplomat John Kerry is set to meet his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov in Rome, amid anger in Moscow over the prospect of new US sanctions and possible supply of lethal military aid to Ukraine. AFP PHOTO / VASILY MAXIMOV (Photo credit should read VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images)
An armed supporter of the self-proclamed People's Republic of Donetsk mans a checkpoint in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk on December 14, 2014. Top US diplomat John Kerry is set to meet his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov in Rome, amid anger in Moscow over the prospect of new US sanctions and possible supply of lethal military aid to Ukraine. AFP PHOTO / VASILY MAXIMOV (Photo credit should read VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images)
A car drives past a broken utility pole on a deserted road in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk on December 14, 2014. Top US diplomat John Kerry is set to meet his Russian counterpart Sergei Lavrov in Rome, amid anger in Moscow over the prospect of new US sanctions and possible supply of lethal military aid to Ukraine. AFP PHOTO / VASILY MAXIMOV (Photo credit should read VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images)
An armed supporter of the self-proclamed People's Republic of Donetsk checks a car at a checkpoint in the city of Horlivka near Donetsk on December 13, 2014. Russia responded angrily on December 13 to news that US senators had passed a bill calling for fresh sanctions against Moscow and the supply of lethal military aid to Ukraine. AFP PHOTO / VASILY MAXIMOV (Photo credit should read VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images)
Women with a stroller walk past damaged buildings in the city of Kommunar near Donetsk on December 13, 2014. Russia responded angrily on December 13 to news that US senators had passed a bill calling for fresh sanctions against Moscow and the supply of lethal military aid to Ukraine. AFP PHOTO / VASILY MAXIMOV (Photo credit should read VASILY MAXIMOV/AFP/Getty Images)
DONETSK, UKRAINE - DECEMBER 11: Ukrainian army forces patrol in the Tonenkoe town near Donetsk International Airport which was attacked by pro-Russian separatists during the ceasefire, broken by the separatists for 22 times in the last 24 hours, in Donetsk, Ukraine on December 11, 2014. (Photo by Viktor Koshkin/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
DONETSK, UKRAINE - DECEMBER 11: A Ukrainian army member is seen during a patrol in the Tonenkoe town near Donetsk International Airport which was attacked by pro-Russian separatists during the ceasefire, broken by the separatists for 22 times in the last 24 hours, in Donetsk, Ukraine on December 11, 2014. (Photo by Viktor Koshkin/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
DONETSK, UKRAINE - DECEMBER 11: Ukrainian army members are seen during a patrol in the Tonenkoe town near Donetsk International Airport which was attacked by pro-Russian separatists during the ceasefire, broken by the separatists for 22 times in the last 24 hours, in Donetsk, Ukraine on December 11, 2014. (Photo by Viktor Koshkin/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
DONETSK, UKRAINE - DECEMBER 11: Ukrainian army forces patrol in the Tonenkoe town near Donetsk International Airport which was attacked by pro-Russian separatists during the ceasefire, broken by the separatists for 22 times in the last 24 hours, in Donetsk, Ukraine on December 11, 2014. (Photo by Viktor Koshkin/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
Photo taken on December 9, 2014, displays a flat destroyed by night shelling by pro-Russian separatists in Avdiivka, Donetsk region, controlled by Ukrainian forces. Planned peace talks between Ukraine and pro-Russian rebels were postponed on Tuesday but a ceasefire appeared to be largely holding along the frontline in the ex-Soviet republic's war-shattered east. AFP PHOTO/ ANATOLII STEPANOV (Photo credit should read ANATOLII STEPANOV/AFP/Getty Images)
A seperatist rebel fighter smokes a cigarette at a check-point on December 9, 2014 in the Kuibishevskiy district of the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, which is controlled by pro-Russian rebels. Planned peace talks between Ukraine and pro-Russian rebels were postponed on December 9, but a ceasefire appeared to be largely holding along the frontline in the ex-Soviet republic's war-shattered east. AFP PHOTO / ERIC FEFERBERG (Photo credit should read ERIC FEFERBERG/AFP/Getty Images)
Police experts search an electrical substation near the Kharkiv military hospital on November 20, 2014 after a blast. No casualties were reported. AFP PHOTO/ SERGEY BOBOK (Photo credit should read SERGEY BOBOK/AFP/Getty Images)
Miners of the Kholodnaya Balka coal mine walk after finishing work, in the eastern Ukrainian city of Makievka, in the Donetsk region, in the self-declared Donetsk People's Republic, on November 20, 2014. Nearly 1,000 people have been killed in conflict-torn Ukraine since a tattered truce was signed in September while the number of people displaced has nearly doubled, the United Nations said Thursday. AFP PHOTO/ ALEXANDER KHUDOTEPLY (Photo credit should read Alexander KHUDOTEPLY/AFP/Getty Images)
A pro-Russian rebel patrols an illegal coal mining warehouse in Torez, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Nov. 20, 2014. As battle raged in rebellion-wracked eastern Ukraine, cargo trains piled high with coal thundered along rail tracks to keep heating and power going to households in rebel-held territory. Coal is the lifeblood of this region dominated by pro-Russian separatists _ and now the source of its first corruption scandal.(AP Photo/Mstyslav Chernov)
Pro-Russian rebel military vehicles convoy move towards Donetsk , Eastern Ukraine, Monday, Nov. 10, 2014. On Saturday, Associated Press reporters saw scores of military vehicles moving near Donetsk and farther to the east. Many of the unmarked vehicles were towing artillery. Ukrainian officials say rebel forces have received new weaponry and manpower from Russia. Moscow denies such claims. (AP Photo/ Mstyslav Chernov)
Pro-Russian rebel military vehicle with Russian flag on top of it, rolls towards Donetsk , Eastern Ukraine, Monday, Nov. 10, 2014. On Saturday, Associated Press reporters saw scores of military vehicles moving near Donetsk and farther to the east. Many of the unmarked vehicles were towing artillery. Ukrainian officials say rebel forces have received new weaponry and manpower from Russia. Moscow denies such claims. (AP Photo/ Mstyslav Chernov)
Ukrainian volunteer fighters shoot in the village of Peski near Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, Nov. 12, 2014. Fighting has continued in the east despite a cease-fire agreement between Ukraine and the rebels signed in September, and Ukraine and the West accused Russia recently of sending in new troops and weapons. (AP Photo/Maxim Vetrov)
ZAPOROZHYE, UKRAINE - NOVEMBER 06: Residents of Zaporozhye welcomes the soldiers, return from clashes with Pro-Russian separatists, with flowers in Zaporozhye, Ukraine on November 06, 2014. (Photo by Maxim Scherbina/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
A picture shows torn metal fence of a school sports ground on November 6, 2014, where two teenagers were killed during a shelling in the Kuybeshevski area in Donetsk. Ukraine's tattered ceasefire came under new strain on November 5, as shelling killed two teenagers playing football in rebel-held Donetsk and President Petro Poroshenko said he was deploying reinforcements to face a threatened separatist offensive. AFP PHOTO / DIMITAR DILKOFF (Photo credit should read DIMITAR DILKOFF/AFP/Getty Images)
A man carries his belongings as passes by his destroyed home following shelling in the Kuybeshevski area in Donetsk on November 6, 2014. Ukraine's tattered ceasefire came under new strain on November 5, as shelling killed two teenagers playing football in rebel-held Donetsk and President Petro Poroshenko said he was deploying reinforcements to face a threatened separatist offensive. AFP PHOTO / DIMITAR DILKOFF (Photo credit should read DIMITAR DILKOFF/AFP/Getty Images)
A woman observes her damaged flat in a residential building following the recent shelling in Donetsk on November 5, 2014. Ceasefire observers representing government forces, rebels, Russia and the European security body OSCE met in rebel-held Donetsk, but there was little immediate detail available about the results of the talks. The ceasefire in Ukraine hung by a thread on November 5 after President Petro Poroshenko accused pro-Russian rebels of endangering the peace process and ordered troop reinforcements to eastern cities. AFP PHOTO/ALEXANDER KHUDOTEPLY (Photo credit should read Alexander KHUDOTEPLY/AFP/Getty Images)
Militants of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic stand guard on November 4, 2014 outside a theater before the inauguration of the newly elected leader, Alexander Zakharchenko, in the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk. The elections of leaders in two unrecognized statelets in eastern Ukraine on November 2 were backed by Russia but condemned by the Western-backed Kiev government, the United States and EU powers. AFP PHOTO/ ALEXANDER KHUDOTEPLY (Photo credit should read Alexander KHUDOTEPLY/AFP/Getty Images)
Smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises over a residential neighborhood near the airport after shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after artillery fire hitting the airport building in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A man watches smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises over a residential neighborhood after shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after artillery fire hitting the airport building in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after shelling near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, Oct. 2, 2014. Pro-Russian rebels in eastern Ukraine advanced Wednesday on the government-held airport in Donetsk, pressing to seize the key transportation hub even as the two sides bargained over a troop pullout under a much-violated truce. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A pro-Russian rebel with a dog sits near the airport in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, Oct. 1, 2014. Rebels in eastern Ukraine appear to be successfully closing in on the government-held airport of Donetsk, a strategic victory for the pro-Russian separatists that further undermines a shaky cease-fire in the region. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises from the area where Donetsk's airport is located following heavy shelling October 2, 2014. The airport, held by Ukrainian troops, is shelled regularly by pro-Russian separatists of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic. AFP PHOTO / JOHN MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
Smoke rises from the area where Donetsk's airport is located following heavy shelling October 2, 2014. The airport, held by Ukrainian troops, is shelled regularly by pro-Russian separatists of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic. AFP PHOTO / JOHN MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
Smoke rises from the area where Donetsk's airport is located following heavy shelling October 2, 2014. The airport, held by Ukrainian troops, is shelled regularly by pro-Russian separatists of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic. AFP PHOTO / JOHN MACDOUGALL (Photo credit should read JOHN MACDOUGALL/AFP/Getty Images)
Ukrainian servicemen on a tank man a checkpoint near Mayorovo in Donetsk region on October 1, 2014. Ten civilians died in attacks in Ukraine's rebel-held city of Donetsk on Wednesday, including from a shell that hit a school on the first day of class, regional authorities said, blaming pro-Russian rebels. AFP PHOTO/ANATOLII BOIKO (Photo credit should read ANATOLII BOIKO/AFP/Getty Images)
Ukrainian servicemen patrol on an armoured personnel carrier near Mayorovo in Donetsk region on October 1, 2014. Ten civilians died in attacks in Ukraine's rebel-held city of Donetsk on Wednesday, including from a shell that hit a school on the first day of class, regional authorities said, blaming pro-Russian rebels. AFP PHOTO/ANATOLII BOIKO (Photo credit should read ANATOLII BOIKO/AFP/Getty Images)
A woman walks as smoke rises in the distance, after shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, Sept. 24, 2014. Mortar fire struck an apartment block in the rebel-held city of Donetsk overnight, yet another violation of a cease-fire declared weeks earlier between government forces and pro-Russian insurgents. The attack came even as both sides claimed to be pulling back heavy artillery to set up a buffer zone. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Smoke rises after shelling over a checkpoint marked with flag of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, Sept. 24, 2014. Mortar fire struck an apartment block in the rebel-held city of Donetsk overnight, yet another violation of a cease-fire declared weeks earlier between government forces and pro-Russian insurgents. The attack came even as both sides claimed to be pulling back heavy artillery to set up a buffer zone. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A man observes the damage of a building after shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, Sept. 24, 2014. Mortar fire struck an apartment block in the rebel-held city of Donetsk overnight, yet another violation of a cease-fire declared weeks earlier between government forces and pro-Russian insurgents. The attack came even as both sides claimed to be pulling back heavy artillery to set up a buffer zone. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A Ukrainian soldier holds a cat as he receives warm clothes close to Luhansk in the eastern Ukraine Tuesday, Sept. 23, 2014. Despite of the declared cease-fire between the separatists and the Ukrainian military in eastern Ukraine occasional shooting has been reported. (AP Photo/Petro Zadorozhnyy)
A Ukrainian soldier passes by military vehicles burnt by the Russian troops during recent battles near the village of Dmytrivka, Luhansk region in the eastern Ukraine Tuesday, Sept. 23, 2014. Despite of the declared cease-fire between the separatists and the Ukrainian military in eastern Ukraine occasional shooting has been reported. (AP Photo/Petro Zadorozhnyy)
Pro-Russian gunmen sits atop armored personal carrier as they pass through the checkpoint near the town of Zhdanivka, eastern Ukraine, Tuesday, Sept. 23, 2014. A cease-fire in east Ukraine is being upheld by both government troops and Russia-backed rebels, a senior Ukrainian official said Tuesday, in a first step toward enforcing a truce that has been riddled by repeated violations since it was imposed earlier this month. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A man walking over a destroyed bridge in the village of Nyzhnya Krynka, eastern Ukraine, Tuesday, Sept. 23, 2014. A cease-fire in east Ukraine is being upheld by both government troops and Russia-backed rebels, a senior Ukrainian official said Tuesday, in a first step toward enforcing a truce that has been riddled by repeated violations since it was imposed earlier this month. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A Ukrainian tank destroyed in recent battles with the Russian troops is seen on a road near the village of Dmytrivka, Luhansk region in the eastern Ukraine Tuesday, Sept. 23, 2014. Despite of the declared cease-fire between the separatists and the Ukrainian military in eastern Ukraine occasional shooting has been reported. (AP Photo/Petro Zadorozhnyy)
Smoke rises over a residential area in the north of the rebel-held city of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Monday, Sept. 22, 2014. A cease-fire was called on Sept. 5 but has been violated repeatedly. Negotiators from Ukraine, Russia, the rebels and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe last week tried to further the peace process with an agreement calling for both sides to halt their advances and for pulling back heavy artillery in order to create a buffer zone. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A firefighter sprays water at damaged apartment building after shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, Sept. 17, 2014. Ukraine moved to resolve months of crisis Tuesday by strengthening ties to Europe and loosening some controls over the country's rebellious eastern regions where it has been fighting Russian-backed separatists. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Svetana, 66 years old, stands outside a building destroyed by shellings this morning in the Kievsky district near the international airport on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. Two civilians were killed in fighting in the rebel-held eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, where fierce battles were raging near the airport on Wednesday, city hall said. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
People stand in line to get money in a cash dispenser on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. Two civilians were killed in fighting in the rebel-held eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, where fierce battles were raging near the airport on Wednesday, city hall said. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
View of Grad multiple rocket shell which struck the balcony of a building this morning in the Kievsky district near the international airport on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. Two civilians were killed in fighting in the rebel-held eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, where fierce battles were raging near the airport on Wednesday, city hall said. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
Svetana, 66 years old, stands outside a building destroyed by shelling this morning in the Kievsky district near the international airport on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. Two civilians were killed in fighting in the rebel-held eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, where fierce battles were raging near the airport on Wednesday, city hall said. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
Women talk after their building was hit by shells this morning in the Kievsky district near the international airport on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. Two civilians were killed in fighting in the rebel-held eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, where fierce battles were raging near the airport on Wednesday, city hall said. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
People look at the destroyed building hit by shells this morning in the Kievsky district near the international airport on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. Two civilians were killed in fighting in the rebel-held eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, where fierce battles were raging near the airport on Wednesday, city hall said. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
Svetana, 66 years old, stands outside a building destroyed by shelling this morning in the Kievsky district near the international airport on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. Two civilians were killed in fighting in the rebel-held eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, where fierce battles were raging near the airport on Wednesday, city hall said. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
A firefighter walks in the rubble of a building destroyed by shelling this morning in the Kievsky district near the international airport on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. Two civilians were killed in fighting in the rebel-held eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk, where fierce battles were raging near the airport on Wednesday, city hall said. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
Women cry after their building was hit by shelling this morning in the Kievsky district near the international airport on September 17, 2014 in Donetsk, eastern Ukraine. At least one man was killed in his flat. AFP PHOTO/PHILIPPE DESMAZES (Photo credit should read PHILIPPE DESMAZES/AFP/Getty Images)
Ukrainian servicemen sit atop of an armored personnel carrier as they patrol in Donetsk region on September 16, 2014. The Ukrainian and European parliaments on September 16 simultaneously ratified a landmark pact at the heart of the ex-Soviet country's bloodiest crisis since independence. AFP PHOTO/ANATOLII STEPANOV (Photo credit should read ANATOLII STEPANOV/AFP/Getty Images)
An Ukrainian serviceman sits atop of an armored personnel carrier during patrol in Donetsk region on September 16, 2014. The Ukrainian and European parliaments on September 16 simultaneously ratified a landmark pact at the heart of the ex-Soviet country's bloodiest crisis since independence. AFP PHOTO/ANATOLII STEPANOV (Photo credit should read ANATOLII STEPANOV/AFP/Getty Images)
KIEV, UKRAINE - SEPTEMBER 16: Protesters burn tyres in front of the Ukrainian Parliament during a rally to demand Ukrainian lawmakers to accept lustration laws in Kiev, Ukraine on September 16, 2014. (Photo by Vladimir Shtanko/Anadolu Agency/Getty Images)
A cartridge belt lies on the ground in a barn close at an Ukranian army position on outskirts of Donetsk, on September 16, 2014. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko's push for peace with pro-Russian insurgents appeared to pass its first test when most agreed to study his limited self-rule offer while defending their demands for full independence. AFP PHOTO/ANATOLII STEPANOV (Photo credit should read ANATOLII STEPANOV/AFP/Getty Images)
A cartridge belt lies on the ground in a barn close at an Ukranian army position on outskirts of Donetsk, on September 16, 2014. Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko's push for peace with pro-Russian insurgents appeared to pass its first test when most agreed to study his limited self-rule offer while defending their demands for full independence. AFP PHOTO/ANATOLII STEPANOV (Photo credit should read ANATOLII STEPANOV/AFP/Getty Images)
Riot police stand guard outside the Ukrainian Parliament in Kiev on September 16, 2014. Clashes with police erupted during rallies organized by civic activists in front of Parliament central Kiev to demand Ukrainian lawmakers to adopt a 'lustration' law that stipulates purge of governmental officials accused of corruption or affiliated with former KGB. AFP PHOTO/YURIY KIRNICHNY (Photo credit should read YURIY KIRNICHNY/AFP/Getty Images)
Protesters react as tyres burn outside the Ukrainian Parliament on September 16, 2014. Clashes with police erupted during rallies organized by civic activists in central Kiev to demand Ukrainian lawmakers to adopt a 'lustration' law that stipulates purge of governmental officials accused of corruption or affiliated with former KGB. AFP PHOTO/YURIY KIRNICHNY (Photo credit should read YURIY KIRNICHNY/AFP/Getty Images)
Riot police stand guard outside the Ukrainian Parliament in Kiev on September 16, 2014. Clashes with police erupted during rallies organized by civic activists in front of Parliament central Kiev to demand Ukrainian lawmakers to adopt a 'lustration' law that stipulates purge of governmental officials accused of corruption or affiliated with former KGB. AFP PHOTO/YURIY KIRNICHNY (Photo credit should read YURIY KIRNICHNY/AFP/Getty Images)
A firefighter carries an additional water hose at damaged apartment building after shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, Sept. 17, 2014. Ukraine moved to resolve months of crisis Tuesday by strengthening ties to Europe and loosening some controls over the country's rebellious eastern regions where it has been fighting Russian-backed separatists. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A woman cries in front of her damaged apartment building after shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Wednesday, Sept. 17, 2014. Ukraine moved to resolve months of crisis Tuesday by strengthening ties to Europe and loosening some controls over the country's rebellious eastern regions where it has been fighting Russian-backed separatists. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
People observe damage done to a shop and cars after shelling in the town of Donetsk, eastern Ukraine, Tuesday, Sept. 16, 2014. The city council in Donetsk says three people have been killed and five wounded in shelling overnight in the city in eastern Ukraine. The casualties come as Ukraine's parliament plans to review a bill that would give greater autonomy to the eastern regions of Donetsk and Luhansk, where fighting between separatists and Kiev's forces has claimed at least 3,000 civilian lives. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Ukrainian protesters burn tires outside the Ukrainian parliament in Kiev, Ukraine Tuesday, Sept. 16, 2014. The demonstrators rallied in support of a bill that would introduce extra checks for senior government officials. (AP Photo/Sergei Chuzavkov)
A teacher shows the damage caused to her shell-hit kindergarten in the village of Novosvitlivka, eastern Ukraine, Monday, Sept. 15, 2014. The village was severely damaged during fighting between government troops and the separatist rebels that eventually took control there in late August. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
A woman repairs her damaged home in the village of Novosvitlivka, eastern Ukraine, Monday, Sept. 15, 2014. The village was severely damaged during fighting between government troops and the separatist rebels that eventually took control there in late August. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Soldiers of special battalion "Azov" talk to a colleague after arriving on rotation from the front line in Kiev, Ukraine, Monday, Sept. 15, 2014. Shelling killed six people and wounded 15 others in the rebel stronghold of Donetsk, the city council said Monday — the worst reported violence since a cease-fire between Russian-backed rebels and Ukrainian troops took effect on Sept. 5. (AP Photo/Sergei Chuzavkov)
A Pro-Russian rebels bike arranged with a communist flag, left and Russian motorcycle club "Night Wolves" flag is driven in a parade in the town of Luhansk, eastern Ukraine, Sunday, Sept. 14, 2014. Some semblance of normality is returning to parts of eastern Ukraine after a cease-fire agreement sealed between Ukrainian government forces and separatist rebels earlier this month, although exchanges of rocket fire remain a constant in some areas. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
Ukrainian soldiers take part in an exercise at a military training centre outside Zhytomyr, some 150 km (94 miles) west of Kiev, Ukraine, Thursday, Sept. 11, 2014. (AP Photo/Sergei Chuzavkov)
A Ukrainian government troop waves to a armored vehicle driving on the road towards Debaltseve near the town of Artemivsk, Ukraine, Friday, Feb. 13, 2015. The fighting between Russia-backed separatists and Ukrainian government forces has continued despite the agreement reached by leaders of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France in the Belarusian capital of Minsk on Thursday. Much of the fighting had taken place near Debaltseve, a key transport hub that has been hotly contested in recent days. The leaders agreed to implement a cease-fire, set to take effect on Sunday, at one minute after midnight. (AP Photo/Petr David Josek)
Newly mobilized Ukrainian soldiers stand at a position during military drills at a base in Desna 100 kilometers (62 miles) north of Kiev, Friday, Feb. 13, 2015. Fierce fighting surged in east Ukraine as Russian-backed separatists mounted a major and sustained new push Friday to capture a strategic railway hub ahead of a weekend cease-fire deadline. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
An early morning view of the city of Donetsk, Ukraine, Friday, Feb. 13, 2015. The fighting between Russia-backed separatists and Ukrainian government forces has continued despite the agreement reached by leaders of Russia, Ukraine, Germany and France in the Belarusian capital of Minsk on Thursday. The leaders agreed to implement a cease-fire, set to take effect on Sunday, at one minute after midnight. (AP Photo/Petr David Josek)
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By ROBERT BURNS

VILNIUS, Lithuania (AP) - NATO's top general said Saturday the two-week-old truce between Ukraine and pro-Russian militants fighting in the country's east is a "cease-fire in name only," and he said that by enabling a free flow of weapons and fighters across the border Russia has made it nearly impossible to determine how many of its troops are operating inside Ukraine.

U.S. Air Force Gen. Philip Breedlove, the Supreme Allied Commander Europe, told a news conference after meeting with NATO military chiefs that he is hopeful about Saturday's announced agreement for creation of a buffer zone between Ukrainian and pro-Russian forces.

The deal reached by representatives of Ukraine, Russia, the Moscow-backed rebels and the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe marks an effort to add substance to the Sept. 5 cease-fire agreement that has been frequently broken by clashes.

Breedlove has put the main blame on Russia for the continuing conflict.

"So the situation in Ukraine is not good right now," he said. "Basically we have a cease-fire in name only."

Breedlove said violence levels in Ukraine, including the number of artillery rounds fired in the past few days, are as high as prior to the cease-fire.

Asked about prospects for an acceptable end Sunday to the prolonged stalemate in Kabul over Afghanistan's presidential election, Breedlove sounded an optimistic note, saying NATO officials have spoken with both candidates, former foreign minister Abdullah Abdullah and former finance minister and World Bank official Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai.

"We believe they are very, very close to forming that unity government (which) we think is very important," Breedlove said.

He said both Abdullah and Ghani Ahmadzai have promised a "quick signature" to a U.S.-Afghan security agreement that would provide the basis for nearly 10,000 American troops to remain in the country after the U.S. and NATO combat missions end in December. The current president, Hamid Karzai, negotiated the deal last year but refused to sign it.

"I wouldn't want to speculate on how fast, but we're hoping for very fast signatures," Breedlove said, because it would open the way not only for U.S. troops to remain but also for NATO to begin a training mission dubbed Resolute Support starting in January.

In his remarks about Ukraine, Breedlove said Russian forces are still operating inside eastern Ukraine but numbers cannot be pinpointed.

"Right now the border is being maintained open by Russian forces and Russian-backed forces, and the fluidity of movement of Russian forces and Russian-backed forces back and forth across that border makes it almost impossible to understand the numbers," he said.

He said it is clear that the number of Russian troops in Ukraine has declined significantly over the past week or so, with some returning to the Russian side of the border - "which is good, except that they haven't returned home and are still available to bring their military force to bear on Ukraine, should it be desired" by Russian government leaders.

Neither Russia nor Ukraine is a member of NATO, but both share borders with NATO-member countries. Recent Russian military behavior, including its annexation of the Crimea Peninsula of southern Ukraine earlier this year, is a major worry inside the U.S.-led alliance.

Breedlove said the Vilnius meeting discussed the proposed creation of a new rapid reaction corps that could deploy several thousand allied combat troops on short notice anywhere in eastern Europe. The plan, announced in its broad outlines at a NATO summit meeting earlier this month in Wales, is part of the West's response to Russia's recent moves against Ukraine. Basic details, however, such as how troop contributions to the force would be shared by individual NATO member countries have yet to be worked out.

The U.S. chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Army Gen. Martin Dempsey, and the top U.S. commander in Afghanistan, Army Gen. John Campbell, attended the Vilnius meeting but did not participate in the closing news conference Saturday.

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