3 Reasons to Check Your Credit Report Today
Most Americans don't realize how important their credit report has become. It obviously has a huge impact on your financial life, whether you're applying for a home loan or credit card or looking to rent an apartment. But increasingly, credit information has become part of the data-gathering process for a wider range of decisions, with many employers looking at credit histories of prospective employees to assess reliability and spot potential warning signs. Moreover, many Americans don't do nearly enough to ensure that their credit history accurately reflects their financial experience, leaving themselves open to erroneous information as well as more damaging consequences.
A recent poll by credit-tool company WisePiggy revealed some troubling trends among Americans in handling their credit. According to the poll, more than one in nine Americans have never looked at their credit reports or even their credit score. Even among those who have seen their credit report information, nearly a quarter haven't updated their knowledge of their credit within the past year, and only about half have information that's no more than six months old.
By letting so much time pass between checks of your credit report, you leave yourself open to some big risks. Here are three things to consider in how often you choose to review your credit history.
1. You Need a Better Credit History to Get a Loan
During the housing boom a decade ago, many banks aggressively courted mortgage borrowers, cutting their credit standards and allowing borrowers with low credit scores to obtain subprime loans to let them buy homes. The resulting mortgage crisis shook the financial system to the core, and in response, mortgage lenders have gotten a lot stricter about whom they lend to.
Even six years after the bailouts of major mortgage banks, many lenders are still dealing with the aftermath of their easy credit decisions. A Washington Post report details the efforts of government-sponsored mortgage-finance entities Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to force banks to repurchase mortgages that turned sour, and the response even from small banks has been to tighten their lending standards to avoid any chance of that happening in the future. The article cites figures from the Urban Institute revealing that as many as 1.2 million loans haven't gone through because of these tougher standards. A few banks have looked at ways to lower required credit scores, but federal agencies have been slow to foster those efforts.
If you anticipate needing a loan, it's important to check your credit history and score to ensure that you'll be able to qualify for these higher standards. Letting your score fall below accepted levels could cost you thousands more in higher financing costs due to having to accept a higher interest rate, or you might find yourself unable to get a loan at any price.
2. Regular Credit Report Checks Help Avoid Identity Theft
As recently as a few years ago, credit card breaches were rare. Now, as the recent 60 million customer data breach at Home Depot (HD) shows, attacks on credit card information databases have become everyday events, and you simply can't guarantee that large pieces of your credit history aren't being compromised in those attacks.
Checking your credit report regularly ensures that you'll see unusual activity no matter where it occurs. Many consumers rely on the card companies to provide those warnings or look only at the cards they use most frequently. But smart scammers can take your information from one card to use to apply for new credit in your name, and they can rack up thousands in charges without your even knowing the account exists. Your credit report will list not only your active accounts but also recently opened and some of your closed accounts, giving you a complete picture that you can use to assess your threat level and any damage that identity thieves have wrought.
3. Preserve Your Right to Free Credit Reports
The best reason to check your credit report today is that you can do so without paying a cent. The government-approved AnnualCreditReport.com gives you free access to reports from each of the three major credit-reporting bureaus annually. That means you can stagger your access across the three bureaus -- Equifax, Experian (EXPN) and TransUnion -- and look at your credit every four months.
When the government first required access to credit reports, the credit-reporting bureaus weren't happy about giving away information that they used to reap profits from lenders and their other paying customers. In response, they've tried to earn money by offering subscription-based credit monitoring services that go beyond the required disclosures. Some of those services might be worthwhile, but making sure you take advantage of the free access that you're legally entitled to receive will show the lawmakers who made it possible that you value their efforts, and make it more likely that the services will remain available in the long run.
Given how easy it is to get your credit report, there's no reason not to review it on a more regular basis. By doing so, you'll greatly reduce the risk of having erroneous information come back to bite you in the future.
You can follow Motley Fool contributor Dan Caplinger on Twitter @DanCaplinger or on Google Plus. The Motley Fool recommends Home Depot. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. Check out our free report on high-yielding dividend stocks.