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Police distrust still prevalent years later

WASHINGTON (AP) -- For one night, all was well in Ferguson, Missouri. After a change in police command, violent protests decrying the shooting death of unarmed 18-year-old Michael Brown at the hands of white police officer Darren Wilson suddenly gave way to peaceful demonstrations.

A day later, Ferguson police, under pressure to disclose Wilson's name, also revealed that Brown was suspected of stealing cigars from a local store before his deadly encounter with Wilson. That announcement was met with disbelief and anger by several residents, who said police were trying to smear Brown's name to justify his shooting.

And the streets of Ferguson exploded anew.

Violence Flares Again in Ferguson

Brown's death is the latest illustration of deep divisions between minorities and police that have simmered for generations. Concern about the events playing out in Ferguson has coursed all the way up to the White House. President Barack Obama said Attorney General Eric Holder would go to Missouri this week to check on the independent federal investigation into Brown's death.

"In too many communities around the country, a gulf of mistrust exists between local residents and law enforcement," the president said.

The depth of this distrust becomes obvious in polling. While the unrest was occurring in Missouri, almost two-thirds of blacks - 65 percent - surveyed by the Pew Research Center said police went too far in their response to the Ferguson protests, while one-third of whites agreed and nearly another third said the police response has been about right. The Pew survey was conducted Aug. 14-17.

Gallup polling between 2012 and 2014 showed that a majority of blacks, or 64 percent, had only some, very little or no confidence in the police, while the majority of the whites questioned, or 58 percent, had either a great deal or quite a lot of confidence in the police. Between 2009 and 2011, Gallup found 61 percent of blacks only had partial or no confidence in police, while 62 percent of whites had a lot of confidence in the police.

One factor that breeds distrust is racial disparity between police and the communities they serve. Ferguson is nearly 70 percent black, while the police department is more than 90 percent white.

Distrust is also fueled by a perception of unchecked police violence through the ages: the 1992 acquittal of four white Los Angeles police officers in the beating of black motorist Rodney King; the 1967 beating in Newark, New Jersey, of cab driver John Smith; Miami in 1980, after the acquittal of six white police officers in the beating death of black motorcyclist Arthur McDuffie; Cincinnati in 2001 after 19-year-old Timothy Thomas was shot and killed by a police officer. Rioting followed each of these cases.

"More African-Americans and Latinos believe police stop people without due cause, use excessive force and engage in verbal abuse than white Americans," said Ronald Weitzer, a George Washington University sociology professor who has studied race and policing in the U.S. and internationally. "So they not only tend to see the police as having some racial biases, but also in their day-to-day activities behaving in ways that are more obtrusive and maybe unjustified in dealing with citizens."

Brown was shot multiple times by Wilson on Aug. 9. Police have said little about the encounter, except that it involved a scuffle in which Wilson was injured and Brown was shot. Witnesses say Brown had his hands in the air as the officer fired multiple rounds.

Tensions boiled over after a candlelight vigil the next night, as looters smashed and burned businesses, while police fired tear gas and smoke bombs. Capt. Ron Johnson of the Missouri Highway Patrol, who is black, was placed in charge of security, a move that was cheered in Ferguson. He ordered his officers to abandon the body armor and gas masks and instead ensure the public's right to peaceably assemble.

But things escalated again Aug. 15, after Ferguson police released Wilson's name along with video they said showed Brown robbing a store shortly before he was killed. Brown's family condemned the revelation, with lawyer Anthony Gray calling it a "sideshow."

Weitzer described several different forms of police behavior that breed distrust, particularly among black and Latino males. That included unwarranted stops of individuals on the street by police, such as New York police's highly criticized "stop-and-frisk" tactic, he said.

"They're not only more likely to be stopped by police and subjected to some kind of abuse, but it also happens repeatedly, and this is something we don't see in the white community," Weitzer said.

Although the St. Louis County medical examiner had conducted an autopsy, Brown's family ordered their own. It found that Brown had been shot at least six times, twice in the head. Family attorney Benjamin Crump said Monday that Brown's parents "could not trust what was going to be put in the reports about the tragic execution of their child." The Justice Department planned to conduct its own autopsy.

Without directly referencing the video revelation, Holder said he was troubled by "the selective release of sensitive information" surrounding Brown's case, and said his agency would preserve the integrity of its investigation, "no matter how others pursue their own separate inquiries."

"This is a critical step in restoring trust between law enforcement and the community, not just in Ferguson, but beyond," Holder said.

American University professor Cathy Lisa Schneider, who wrote a book on urban unrest, said distrust breeds frustration with police when there is no avenue of redress "and usually an increasing intensity of police violence."

It's "almost always cases of where the local authorities are completely impervious to the concerns of people who are vulnerable to police violence and do not know how to stop it," Schneider said. "It is the most potent symbol of racial domination and subjection. It is also the most painful."

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Join the discussion

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Tammy August 19 2014 at 5:13 AM

Seems to me, from all I've seen, this is a town filled with thugs. They say it takes a village to raise a child so....the village of thugs raised a thug who bullied and attacked innocent folks trying hard to make a living. When confronted with authority this thug turned aggressive. Did he need to die? I wasn't there so I can not speak to what pursued but he took 4 shots to the arm and video tape shows witnesses saying he just kept on coming. Did the officer feel his life was in danger? Welll again, I was NOT there and neither were all the people protesting!!! I'm sick of the all the coverage. The people looting and rioting are being disgraceful and don't deserve any sympathy!

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30 replies
ROBERT J'S August 19 2014 at 5:35 AM

Seems like only blacks have a distrust issue and always think destroying everything is the answer..

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15 replies
Gere Minnick August 19 2014 at 5:48 AM

Face it folks, Blacks seem Hell bent on being disruptive, anti authority and last but not least thugs. It does not matter what the color of the police officer is at this point, he's the law, and as such the enemy in their eyes. So far there has been no fact or evidence that proves anything beyond a reasonable doubt in this case. That's the problem here, the biased media has sought to try the police officer in the court of public opinion without having any facts available to back up their claims of either racism or crime. This has green lighted the hooligans and misfits who are rampaging in Ferguson, and if not checked, we will see the scorched earth policy that decimated black ghettos on numerous times in the pas,t happen once again. If I was a shop keeper or businessman in this area, I would be packing up and moving elsewhere. The cops are being handcuffed and prevented from doing the necessary police work that would put and end to this current spate of madness.

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10 replies
Doug August 19 2014 at 5:18 AM

It's not at all about distrust. It's about hate. They hate the police because the police won't let them get away with their assorted crimes.

It's always been that way in these neighborhoods.

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18 replies
jerry August 19 2014 at 5:57 AM

Old AL SHARPEN can whine about him getting shot but why cant he rant about this kid strong arming a store owner for stealing ? blacks think they are allowed to commit crimes and get away with it . Why not just separate blacks and whites and let there own kind handle there own people for instant if a black commits a crime let a black officer handle it same with white people because if a white person try to arrest a black thug he will automatically be accused of racial profiling or be accused of being a racist one or the other .

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10 replies
frankiegallo33 August 19 2014 at 5:29 AM

I don't get any of this.
A Highway Patrol Captain comes in & orders City cops to take of the body armor & gas masks while in a riot????
In NY or NJ The City Cops would tell this Riot Sympathizer Captain to go F himself.
IN NY or NJ the State Police have no higher level of authority than the City Cops do and they ain't about to start giving any City Cops orders.
Missouri is F'd up.
Time for a new City Police Chief to tell this Highway Patrol to go back to writing speeding tickets.

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15 replies
stengernc August 19 2014 at 5:50 AM

Over population is the root cause of conflict. We need to change the concept that welfare pays for more babies each time you have them. many black men tend to not be good fathers, just make babies with multiple women but don't take care of them, especially in the getto's so things just get worse. Reverse the payment, if you are not married one welfare baby check. If two babies and not married, your tubes get tied. If married, 2 babies, if 3 your tubes get tied. 4 babies no money at all for welfare.

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10 replies
coopdabomb August 19 2014 at 5:52 AM

They were given every chance. Now it's time to shoot to kill. This scum won't learn by anything else.

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10 replies
El Flagella August 19 2014 at 6:32 AM

AND ONE MORE THING, f-you Eric Holder and your racist DOJ, oh, don't release the tape, don't show the world who Brown really was, I bet they will try to discredit the tape we heard from witnesses earlier in the day, the tape where the witness says Brown was running at the cop!

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8 replies
lumyai9 August 19 2014 at 7:50 AM

trash comes in every color.This black trash welfare thug got caught stealing and ,,what a role model he was.

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7 replies
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