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Iraq: Al Maliki steps down, gives up post to rival

BY SAMEER N. YACOUB AND QASSIM ABDUL-ZAHRA

BAGHDAD (AP) -- Iraq's embattled Nouri al-Maliki has stepped down as prime minister, caving in to international and domestic pressure to give up his post to a rival politician.

The move defuses a political deadlock that has plunged Iraq into uncertainty and opens way for the formation of a new government that could take on a growing insurgency by Sunni militants that has engulfed much of the country.

Al-Maliki made the announcement on national television late Thursday, standing alongside senior members of his Islamic Dawa Party, including rival Haider al-Abadi. He said he was stepping aside in favor of his "brother," in order to "facilitate the political process and government formation."

The premier-designate al-Abadi, a veteran Shiite lawmaker, now faces the immense challenge of trying to unite Iraqi politicians. The country's major political factions deeply distrust each other and the army seems unable to regain territory in the north and west taken by militants from the Islamic State group.

Al-Maliki had been struggling for weeks to stay on for a third four-year term as prime minister amid an attempt by opponents to push him out, accusing him of monopolizing power and pursuing a fiercely pro-Shiite agenda that has alienated the Sunni minority.

Iraq's Maliki Agrees To Stand Down, Back New PM

The United States, the U.N. and a broad array of political factions in Iraq had backed al-Abadi, saying only a new leader could unify a country under siege from the Islamic State extremists who have captured large swaths of Iraqi territory.

Al-Maliki said his decision reflected a desire to "safeguard the high interests of the country," adding that he would not be the cause of any bloodshed.

His refusal to give up the post after eight years in power had provoked a political crisis that escalated this week in Baghdad. The pressure intensified when his Shiite political alliance backed al-Abadi to replace him, and President Fouad Massoum nominated al-Abadi on Monday to form the next government. Al-Maliki threatened legal action against the president for what he said was a violation of the constitution.

But in a meeting of his party earlier Thursday, al-Maliki agreed to endorse al-Abadi, two senior lawmakers from his State of Law parliamentary bloc - Hussein al-Maliki and Khalaf Abdul-Samad - told The Associated Press. The two said al-Maliki also agreed to drop a suit before the constitutional court challenging al-Abadi's nomination.

The White House commended al-Maliki's move and expressed hope that the power shift "can set Iraq on a new path and unite its people" against the threat from Islamic militants, national security adviser Susan Rice said in a statement.

U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry said the move "sets the stage for a historic and peaceful transition of power in Iraq."

Al-Maliki had grown increasingly isolated as he was deserted not only by his Shiite allies but also top ally Iran, the United States and the U.N. backed al-Abadi, who has 30 days to put together a Cabinet for parliament's approval.

The U.N. Security Council urged al-Abadi to work swiftly to form "an inclusive government that represents all segments of the Iraqi population and that contributes to finding a viable and sustainable solution to the country's current challenges."

Iraqis of all sects welcomed Thursday's announcement.

"Now, all we want is a government that respects the people and does not discriminate against them," said Youssef Ibrahim, 40, a Sunni government employee in Baghdad.

Adnan Hussein, 45, a Shiite in Sadr City, said he believes al-Maliki is to blame for much of Iraq's troubles. "The years he ruled were the worst in Iraq's history and he bears that responsibility," Hussein said.

The U.S. and other countries have been pushing for a more representative government that will ease anger among Sunnis, who felt marginalized by al-Maliki's administration, which helped fuel the dramatic sweep by the Islamic State extremist group.

The militants' lightning advance across much of northern and western Iraq since June has driven hundreds of thousands of people from their homes, and last week prompted the U.S. to launch aid operations and airstrikes as the militants threatened religious minorities and the largely autonomous Kurdish region.

The U.N. on Wednesday declared the situation in Iraq a "Level 3 Emergency" - a decision that came after some 45,000 members of the Yazidi religious minority were able to escape from a remote desert mountaintop where they had been encircled by Islamic State fighters, who view them as apostates and had vowed to kill any who did not convert to Islam.

The U.N. said it would provide increased support to the Yazidis and to 400,000 other Iraqis who have fled since June to the Kurdish province of Dahuk. A total of 1.5 million people have been displaced by the fighting.

The United States has been carrying out airstrikes in recent days against Islamic State fighters, helping fend back their advance on Kurdish regions.

The European Union's foreign ministers will hold an emergency meeting Friday on Iraq to coordinate their stance on military support for the Kurds and on providing humanitarian assistance for those fleeing the fighting.

---

Abdul-Zahra reported from Boston. Associated Press writers Vivian Salama, Sinan Salaheddin and Murtada Faraj in Baghdad, Elaine Ganley in Paris, and Robert Burns and Julie Pace in Washington contributed to this report.

© 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. Learn more about our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.

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Deaths in Iraq
Yazidi Religious Beliefs

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frankiegallo33 August 15 2014 at 6:44 AM

If A-Maliki can just step down & go away, why can't we make Obama do the same?

Flag Reply +12 rate up
7 replies
joan August 15 2014 at 8:36 AM

I love how everyone blissfully ignores the fact that the Bush/Cheney war criminals caused this mess, made billions, avenged "Poppy Bush" and instead of facing charges and conviction at the "Hague" walked away to enjoy painting and being hailed as the new "experts" on foreign policy. Americans are fools!

Flag Reply +8 rate up
4 replies
d.carns August 15 2014 at 4:31 AM

Well Obama put him in and now Obama takes him out so the ISIS can rule the country. Good move Obama the World terrorist at work.

Flag Reply +6 rate up
7 replies
Jim August 15 2014 at 7:38 AM

Al-Maliki is simply a hand puppet of Iran. Al Abadi is the same. So why the change? The Sunni militants are about to win. So Iran feels another hand puppet in Iraq will fool our President into using our armed forces as the Iraqi Air Force.

Flag Reply +5 rate up
1 reply
hillpeabody Jim August 15 2014 at 12:02 PM

Guess you didn't read the article. Iran was fed up with him too.

Flag Reply 0 rate up
d.carns August 15 2014 at 5:51 AM

He quickly figured out Obama is a liar and a thief and can not be trusted ( just like Congress has)took his Obama money and ran. Bet you he is not going to live in Iraq anymore. He is the smart one when are The American people going to wake up to it.??????

Flag Reply +4 rate up
3 replies
fisherdude47 August 15 2014 at 8:34 AM

Obama wants to be a world leader, so I suggest he get himself over there a lead Iraq as their ( leader) and prove to the world he is a leader.

Flag Reply +4 rate up
vietnamvet1967 August 15 2014 at 9:05 AM

Wonder HOW MUCH MONEY HE STOLD

Flag Reply +3 rate up
rgkarasiewicz August 15 2014 at 7:43 AM

One American puppet to step down, and another one to take his place. Nothing changed.

Flag Reply +3 rate up
1 reply
retpo96 rgkarasiewicz August 15 2014 at 11:07 AM

Saadam was the master of keeping things in place no mater how brutal.

Flag Reply 0 rate up
bd2thebone August 15 2014 at 8:34 AM

Probably means we will send mo money.

Flag Reply +3 rate up
Raven's Nest August 15 2014 at 7:38 AM

Damn, I never thought this would happen!

Flag Reply +2 rate up
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