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N. Korea fires projectiles as pope visits S. Korea



BY NICOLE WINFIELD AND JUNG-YOON CHOI

SEOUL, South Korea (AP) -- As Francis became the first pope in 25 years to visit South Korea on Thursday, Seoul's never-timid rival, North Korea, made its presence felt by firing three short-range projectiles less than an hour before he arrived, officials said.

Although North Korea declined an invitation to Seoul for the papal visit, Francis plans to reach out to North Korea during his five-day trip in a Mass for peace and reconciliation on the war-divided Korean Peninsula. But Pyongyang has a long history of making sure it is not forgotten during high-profile events in the South.

The apparent test firing was conducted from Wonsan on the North's east coast and the projectiles flew about 220 kilometers (135 miles), according to a ministry official who spoke on condition of anonymity, citing office rules. It wasn't immediately clear what the projectiles were.

North Korea this year has conducted an unusually large number of short-range missile and artillery test firings. Pyongyang has expressed anger over annual military drills between the United States and South Korea, which it says are invasion preparations. A new round of the drills, which Seoul and Washington call routine and defensive, are expected to start in coming days.

During his visit, Francis also plans to beatify 124 Korean martyrs and encourage a vibrant and growing local church seen as a model for the future of Catholicism.

At an airport just south of Seoul, the pope shook hands with four relatives of a South Korean ferry sinking that killed more than 300 and two descendants of Korean martyrs who died rather than renounce their faith.

Some elderly Catholics wiped tears from their faces, bowing deeply as they greeted the pope. A boy and girl in traditional Korean dress presented Francis with a bouquet of flowers. The pope then stepped into a small, black, locally made car for the trip into Seoul, where he and President Park Geun-hye were expected to make speeches.

"Because our country has undergone many unfortunate situations, South Korean people are heartbroken. My wish is that the pope's visit can heal those heartbroken people," said Cho Young-rae, a 58-year-old Buddhist.

As his plane flew through Chinese airspace on the way to South Korea early Thursday, Pope Francis sent a telegram of greetings and prayers to Chinese President Xi Jinping. It was a rare opportunity for an exchange since the Holy See and Beijing have no diplomatic relations, and furthers a low-key push for better relations with China and efforts to heal a rift between the Chinese authorities and those Catholics who worship outside the state-recognized church.

Vatican protocol calls for Francis to send telegrams to heads of state whenever he flies through their airspace. Usually they pass unnoticed, but Thursday's telegram was unique because the last time a pope wanted to fly over China, in 1989, Beijing refused.

Vatican officials say there is a dialogue with Chinese authorities. But the core issue dividing them - Rome's insistence on naming bishops - remains.

Relations between Beijing and Rome have been tense since 1951, when China severed ties with the Holy See after the officially atheistic Communist Party took power and set up its own church outside the pope's authority. China persecuted the church for years until restoring a degree of religious freedom and freeing imprisoned priests in the late 1970s.

For the Vatican, the main stumbling block remains the insistence of the state-sanctioned Chinese Catholic Patriotic Association to name bishops without papal consent to administer over the country's estimated 12 million Catholics.

Other highlights of Francis' visit include his participation in a Catholic festival for young believers from around Asia. A ceremony Saturday to beatify Korean martyrs who perished for their faith from 1791 to 1888 could draw about 1 million people, South Korea's Yonhap news agency reported.

Authorities in North Korea declined an invitation by the Seoul archdiocese to send a delegation to attend a Mass, the Vatican said.

A few women forced into sexual slavery by the Japanese military during World War II will attend a Mass, although no private audience is expected, the Vatican said. The pope is also expected to meet with some families of the South Korean ferry sinking in April. The government's response to the disaster, which killed mostly high school students, has angered many South Koreans.

"A lot of bad things keep happening in our country right now, and people are going through tough times. So I hope this event can encourage people and bring more positive things to our country," said Ryun Sun-hee, a 19-year-old college student.

It's the first papal visit since Pope John Paul II traveled to South Korea in 1989. In January, Francis plans to visit Sri Lanka and the Philippines.

South Korea's church, which has been growing steadily over the last half century, is seen as a model for the future. Local church officials hope for a continuing increase in believers in a country that once welcomed missionaries to help spread the faith but now sends its own priests and nuns abroad to evangelize in other countries.

There was high anticipation in South Korea ahead of the visit. Banners and posters welcoming the pope decorated streets and subway stations. Yonhap reported an increase in sales of rosaries and other Catholic goods, and special displays of books on the pope and Catholicism have sprung up in book stores.

---

Associated Press writer Christopher Bodeen in Beijing contributed to this story.

© 2014 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed. Learn more about our Privacy Policy and Terms of Use.

Related:
Visiting The Vatican
List of Previous Popes
Catholicism in Asia
Pope John Paul II in South Korea
Buddhism in China
Religions in South Korea

The Pope Takes a Soul to Seoul

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MOSKI388 August 14 2014 at 7:03 AM

This pope makes me rethink my decision to drop out of the Catholic church.He is the leader that I have always thought we needed.He is giving away or selling off so much of their property for the poor and is so unpretentious that it is wonderful to see his more christlike actions.I

Flag Reply +9 rate up
12 replies
Mike August 14 2014 at 4:43 AM

One has to wonder how many so-called martyrs are really the result of the local disgust with the perverted habits of priests.

Flag Reply +7 rate up
12 replies
Jay August 14 2014 at 5:28 AM

I guess little Kim is not getting the attention he wants.

Flag Reply +6 rate up
4 replies
patriot1too August 14 2014 at 7:53 AM

God bless the Pope and keep him safe. God bless the Christian Churchs around the world. The communist athist are immoral and lawless who must be stoped.

Flag Reply +6 rate up
6 replies
chefjohnp August 14 2014 at 9:47 AM

If every person would show one kind act to one person each day, we would live in a much better world.

Flag Reply +5 rate up
applesofberryhil August 14 2014 at 7:42 AM

Where America fails to lead, bad operators take advantage...President Obama failed in his South Koea policy and North Korea takes control

Flag Reply +4 rate up
3 replies
patriot1too August 14 2014 at 8:06 AM

North Korea needs to be stoped. That little athist communist monster dictator should be stoped. God bless the Pope and keep him safe. God bless the Christian Churchs around the world. The communist athist are immoral and lawless who must be stoped.

Flag Reply +2 rate up
2 replies
pboucard50 patriot1too August 14 2014 at 9:23 AM

patriot1too,you wrote:God bless the Pope and keep him safe. Please read your bible and find out what god is real good at.

Flag Reply 0 rate up
stevenjonessales patriot1too August 14 2014 at 1:30 PM

I am surprised that you spelled "patriot" right. Cut and paste?

Flag Reply 0 rate up
Dennis August 14 2014 at 11:41 AM

North Korea is just showing their ignorance when they "express anger" over the drills between American and Korean troops. These drills have been carried out EVERY YEAR since the conflict in the 50s. You can't tell me that North Korean troops don't carry out similations as training. They just keep trying to stir up crap, where there is none. Maybe they are on a suicide mission for their people. Maybe they want someone to come in there and anialate them. Kamakazi tactics? Jonestown? They just don't have the balls to do it themselves. Why do the North Korean people insist on living under the conditions that they are in? Overthrow your government. Get rid of the warmongers that are repressing you. You can take one look at North Korea's leaders and see that THEY aren't starving to death. Here all this time I thought Hitler was dead; but he lives on in North Korea.

Flag Reply +2 rate up
dwtomczyk August 14 2014 at 11:47 AM

what the hell was he doing there converting Buddhists?

Flag Reply +1 rate up
1 reply
USS Titanic dwtomczyk August 14 2014 at 12:14 PM

NO...christains live all over the World...

Flag Reply +1 rate up
mlaurel58 August 14 2014 at 9:03 AM

Maybe the Pope will send a couple Swiss guards into NK with a couple large cans of Raid.

Flag Reply +1 rate up
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