Lights go out across Britain, 100 years on from WW1

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Lights go out across Britain, 100 years on from WW1
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Silhouetted tourists take pictures in front of advertising boards at Piccadilly Circus before the lights are turned off on iconic buildings as the city marks the centenary of the outbreak of World War I on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th Anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium's neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of casualties. A series of events commemorating the 100th Anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Matthew Lloyd/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: A policeman is silhouetted against advertising boards at Piccadilly Circus before the lights are turned off on iconic buildings as the city marks the centenary of the outbreak of World War I on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th Anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium's neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of casualties. A series of events commemorating the 100th Anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Matthew Lloyd/Getty Images)
A work of art entitled 'spectra' by Japanese artist Ryoji Ikeda is pictured in London, on August 4, 2014, as part of the national commemorations marking the centenary of the outbreak of the First World War. Lights went out in homes across Britain on Monday as part of commemorations marking 100 years since the outbreak of World War I, which claimed the lives of nearly one million Britons. AFP PHOTO / JUSTIN TALLIS (Photo credit should read JUSTIN TALLIS/AFP/Getty Images)
A single light is left illuminated outside the National Gallery in London, on August 4, 2014. Lights went out in homes across Britain on Monday as part of commemorations marking 100 years since the outbreak of World War I, which claimed the lives of nearly one million Britons. AFP PHOTO / JUSTIN TALLIS (Photo credit should read JUSTIN TALLIS/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: A single window is illuminated in Buckingham Palace as the lights are turned off on iconic buildings around London to mark the centenary of the outbreak of World War I on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th Anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium's neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of casualties. A series of events commemorating the 100th Anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Matthew Lloyd/Getty Images)
A single illuminated lantern is left outside the door of 10 Downing Street in London, on August 4, 2014. Lights went out in homes across Britain on Monday as part of commemorations marking 100 years since the outbreak of World War I, which claimed the lives of nearly one million Britons. AFP PHOTO / JUSTIN TALLIS (Photo credit should read JUSTIN TALLIS/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON, UNITED KINGDOM - AUGUST 04: The Houses of Parliament are seen in darkness as the lights are turned off iconic buildings as the city marks the centenary of the outbreak of World War 1 on August 4, 2014 in London, United Kingdom. Monday 4th of August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or Great War lasted until 11th November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of caausalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Tristan Fewings/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 4: The Houses of Parliament are seen from Westminster Bridge before the lights are turned off on iconic buildings around London to mark the centenary of the outbreak of World War One on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11 pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Rob Stothard/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 4: Big Ben strikes 2300 hours as the lights are turned off on iconic buildings as the city marks the centenary of the outbreak of World War On on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11 pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Rob Stothard/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 4: A man places a candle on the doorstep of number 10 Downing Street as the lights are turned off on iconic buildings as the city marks the centenary of the outbreak of World War On on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Rob Stothard/Getty Images)
FOLKESTONE, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Prince Harry attends the 'Step Short' commemorative event in Folkestone to mark the centenary of the First World War on August 4, 2014 in Folkestone, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Anthony Harvey/Getty Images)
FOLKESTONE, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Prince Harry attends the 'Step Short' commemorative event to unveil the Folkestone Memorial Arch, to mark the centenary of the First World War on August 4, 2014 in Folkestone, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Steve Parsons - WPA Pool /Getty Images)
FOLKESTONE, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Prince Harry attends the 'Step Short' commemorative event to unveil the Folkestone Memorial Arch, to mark the centenary of the First World War on August 4, 2014 in Folkestone, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Steve Parsons - WPA Pool /Getty Images)
FOLKESTONE, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Prince Harry attends the 'Step Short' commemorative event to unveil the Folkestone Memorial Arch, to mark the centenary of the First World War on August 4, 2014 in Folkestone, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Steve Parsons - WPA Pool /Getty Images)
BOVINGTON, UNITED KINGDOM - AUGUST 04: Members of the Great War Society living history group dressed as 4th Battalion the Middlesex Regiment wait to take part in a World War One centenary ceremony at the Tank Museum, Bovington on August 4, 2014 in England. Monday August 4, 2014 marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain's declaration of war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11 pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
BOVINGTON, UNITED KINGDOM - AUGUST 04: Members of a living history group dressed as Gordon Highlanders march through a poppy strewn field after a World War One centenary ceremony at the Tank Museum, Bovington on August 4, 2014 in England. Monday August 4, 2014 marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain's declaration of war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11 pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
BOVINGTON, UNITED KINGDOM - AUGUST 04: Members of the Great War Society living history group dressed as 4th Battalion the Middlesex Regiment stand under a shower of a million poppy flowers representing the dead during a World War One centenary ceremony at the Tank Museum, Bovington on August 4, 2014 in England. Monday August 4, 2014 marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain's declaration of war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11 pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
BOVINGTON, UNITED KINGDOM - AUGUST 04: Members of the Great War Society living history group dressed as 4th Battalion the Middlesex Regiment stand under a shower of a million poppy flowers representing the dead during a World War One centenary ceremony at the Tank Museum, Bovington on August 4, 2014 in England. Monday August 4, 2014 marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain's declaration of war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
BOVINGTON, UNITED KINGDOM - AUGUST 04: Members of a living history society walk behind a replica tank during a World War One centenary ceremony at the Tank Museum, Bovington on August 4, 2014 in England. Monday August 4, 2014 marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain's declaration of war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11 pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
BOVINGTON, UNITED KINGDOM - AUGUST 04: A member of a living history group dressed as a Gordon Highlander plays dead as he takes part in a World War One battle re-enactment at the Tank Museum, Bovington on August 4, 2014 in England. Monday August 4, 2014 marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain's declaration of war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11 pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Chelsea Pensioners take part in the Great War centenary parade of Edwardian cars as it passes down The Mall on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Justin Setterfield/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: An oil lamp burns next to the 'Grave of the Unknown Warrior' in Westminster Abbey , which is decorated with flowers, ahead of a candlelight vigil attended by the Duchess of Cornwall this evening marking the start of Britain's involvement in the First World War on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Members of the National Association of Flower Arranging Societies dress the grave in flowers from the four nations including lilies, heather and roses. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Oli Scarff/Getty Images)
STAFFORD, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: A view of the Shot at Dawn Memorial at The National Memorial Arboretum on August 4, 2014 in Stafford, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
STAFFORD, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: A view of the Shot at Dawn Memorial at The National Memorial Arboretum on August 4, 2014 in Stafford, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: An oil lamp burns next to the 'Grave of the Unknown Warrior' in Westminster Abbey , which is decorated with flowers, ahead of a candlelight vigil attended by the Duchess of Cornwall this evening marking the start of Britain's involvement in the First World War on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Members of the National Association of Flower Arranging Societies dress the grave in flowers from the four nations including lilies, heather and roses. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Oli Scarff/Getty Images)
LONDON, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Edwardian cars line up ahead of Chelsea Pensioners taking part in the Great War centenary parade of Edwardian cars as on The Mall on August 4, 2014 in London, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Justin Setterfield/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 4: A wreath and message laid by Labour leader Ed Miliband,at the cenotaph in George Square to mark the centenary of the outbreak of World War One on August 4, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 4: A former serviceman places a poppy at cenotaph in George Square, to mark the centenary of the outbreak of World War One on August 4, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Jeff J Mitchell/Getty Images)
FOLKESTONE, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Prince Harry attends the 'Step Short' commemorative event to unveil the Folkestone Memorial Arch, to mark the centenary of the First World War on August 4, 2014 in Folkestone, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Steve Parsons - WPA Pool /Getty Images)
FOLKESTONE, ENGLAND - AUGUST 04: Prince Harry takes the salute as he attends the 'Step Short' commemorative event to unveil the Folkestone Memorial Arch, to mark the centenary of the First World War on August 4, 2014 in Folkestone, England. Monday 4th August marks the 100th anniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Eddie Mulholland - WPA Pool /Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 04: Prince Charles, Prince Of Wales attends a wreath-laying ceremony at the cenotaph in Glasgow to commemorate the centenary of the start of World War One on August 4, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. Monday 4th August marks the 100thanniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Danny Lawson - WPA Pool /Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 04: Prime Minister David Cameron looks on as Prince Charles, Prince Of Wales signs a book during a memorial service at Glasgow Cathedral to mark the centenary of the outbreak of World War One on August 4, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. Monday 4th August marks the 100thanniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Russell Cheyne - WPA Pool /Getty Images)
GLASGOW, SCOTLAND - AUGUST 04: Prince Charles, Prince Of Wales leaves Glasgow Cathedral with the Lord Provost of Glasgow, Sadie Docherty, following the memorial service to mark the centenary of the outbreak of World War One on August 4, 2014 in Glasgow, Scotland. Monday 4th August marks the 100thanniversary of Great Britain declaring war on Germany. In 1914 British Prime Minister Herbert Asquith announced at 11pm that Britain was to enter the war after Germany had violated Belgium neutrality. The First World War or the Great War lasted until 11 November 1918 and is recognised as one of the deadliest historical conflicts with millions of causalities. A series of events commemorating the 100th anniversary are taking place throughout the day. (Photo by Russell Cheyne - WPA Pool /Getty Images)
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BY TESS LITTLE

(Reuters) - Lights across Britain switched off for an hour on Monday night in a tribute to the dead of World War One inspired by the prophetic observation of Britain's foreign minister on the eve of war 100 years ago.

"The lamps are going out all over Europe," Edward Grey told an acquaintance, shortly before Britain declared war on Germany on Aug. 4, 1914. "We shall not see them lit again in our lifetime."

British landmarks, including the Houses of Parliament, Tower Bridge and St Paul's Cathedral, went dark from 10 p.m. local time (2100 GMT), and Prime Minister David Cameron had asked Britons to switch off all but a single light in their homes for an hour.

The "war to end all wars" spread carnage across Europe, especially northern France and Belgium, killing 17 million soldiers and civilians in 1914-18. Over one million of the dead were soldiers from Britain and its then empire.

Lights Out in London to Remember World War One Heroes


Grey's prophecy was also at the center of a service in London's Westminster Abbey later on Monday, where candles went out one by one until only a burning oil lamp remained at the Grave of the Unknown Warrior.

At 11 p.m., the lamp was extinguished, marking the exact time the British Empire joined the war. In Trafalgar Square, one single light shone from an old police box.

Acting as beacon for the capital, a monumental pillar of light beamed into the clouds from Victoria Tower Gardens. Installation "spectra" by Japanese artist Ryoji Ikeda was commissioned by 14-18 NOW, the official cultural program for the centenary, and will fade away as the sun rises over the London skyline on Aug. 11.

"The light that 'spectra' throws up into the night sky is a unifying point; it echoes how the First World War affected all Londoners, but also how they and the rest of the country came together, standing united during those dark days," Boris Johnson, the mayor of London, said in a statement.

Moths darted across the beams, giving the work, which was accompanied by a sound composition, an ethereal twinkling. A black cab stopped in the middle of a busy road next to the park so its driver could lean from his window to capture the column on a mobile phone.

"It's like something biblical," one woman exclaimed, as other spectators wandered between the lights.

FRIENDS AND ALLIES

Prime Minister Cameron and Prince William, second in line to the throne, attended 100th anniversary ceremonies in Scotland and Belgium on Monday. Speaking at an event in Liège, William paid tribute to those who died. He noted that the current fighting in Ukraine showed that instability continues to stalk Europe.

"We were enemies more than once in the last century and today we are friends and allies," the prince said, alluding to Germany and its cohorts in the First and Second World War.

"We salute those who died to give us our freedom. We will remember them," he told Belgium's King Philippe and other heads of state attending the Liège ceremony at the Allies' Memorial, near to where German troops invaded Belgium in the early hours of Aug. 4, 1914 - the event which brought Britain into the war.

Commemorations in Germany are understated, with no national initiative to remember the war. But Germans have been encouraged to place flowers on soldiers' graves and many local, small-scale efforts marked the anniversary.

In Munich's city center, a white hot-air balloon was tethered to the ground as a symbol of hope and peace, and artist Martin Schmidt installed his work "Kraterfeld" - a lawn littered with craters and small bumps, replicating the shell explosions and trenches in landscape around Verdun, northeast France.

Politicians and royalty from 83 countries, including presidents Francois Hollande of France and Joachim Gauck of Germany, were among those in Belgium. In Glasgow, Scotland, Cameron was joined by heir-to-the-throne Prince Charles at a centenary service.

BRITISH POPPIES

"When you think that almost every family, almost every community was affected, almost a million British people were lost in this war, it is right that even 100 years on, we commemorate it, we think about it and we mark it properly," the Conservative prime minister told the BBC earlier on Monday.

The war's most enduring symbol, poppies, featured at the Tower of London with an art installation called "Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red," by Paul Cummins, in which thousands of ceramic poppies flow from the medieval monument's wall into the dry moat.

The artwork will grow throughout the summer until 888,246 poppies have been added to represent each British or colonial fatality during the war - more than double the number of Britain's casualties in World War Two.

Red poppies have become a symbol of remembrance since the trench warfare waged in the poppy fields of the Belgian region of Flanders during the war.

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