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Sierra Leone declares emergency as Ebola death toll hits 729

By Umaru Fofana

(Reuters) - Sierra Leone declared a state of emergency and called in troops to quarantine Ebola victims on Thursday, joining neighboring Liberia in imposing tough controls as the death toll from the worst-ever outbreak of the virus hit 729 in West Africa.

The World Health Organisation said it was in urgent talks with donors and international agencies to deploy more medical staff and resources to one of the world's poorest regions.

The WHO reported 57 new deaths between July 24 and July 27 in Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria.

Authorities in Nigeria, which recorded its first Ebola case last week when a U.S. citizen died after arriving on a flight from Liberia, said all passengers traveling from areas at risk would be temperature-screened for the virus.

Peace Corps Pulls Workers From W. Africa Over Ebola Fears

In a measure of rising international concern, Britain on Wednesday held a government meeting on Ebola and called it a threat requiring a response. The White House has also said President Barack Obama was being briefed on the situation.

But international airlines association IATA said the WHO was not recommending any travel restrictions or border closures due to the outbreak, and there would be a low risk to other passengers if an Ebola patient flew.

The outbreak of the hemorrhagic fever, for which there is no known cure, began in the forests of remote eastern Guinea in February, but Sierra Leone now has the highest number of cases.

Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai Koroma said he would meet with the leaders of Liberia and Guinea in Conakry on Friday to discuss ways to combat the epidemic. He canceled a visit to Washington for a U.S.-Africa summit next week.

"Sierra Leone is in a great fight ... Failure is not an option," Koroma said in a speech late on Wednesday, adding that the state of emergency would initially last between 60 and 90 days. "Extraordinary challenges require extraordinary measures."

He said police and the military would enforce a quarantine on all epicenters of the disease, and would help health officers and NGOs do their work unhindered, following a number of attacks on health workers by local communities.

House-to-house searches would be implemented to trace Ebola victims and homes where the disease was identified would be quarantined until cleared by medical teams, he said, announcing a ban on all public meetings except those related to Ebola.

The moves echoed a raft of measures unveiled by Liberia on Wednesday, which included the closure of all schools across the country and a possible quarantine of affected communities.


The disease kills up to 90 percent of those infected, though the fatality rate in the current epidemic is running at around 60 percent. In the final stages, its symptoms include external bleeding, massive internal bleeding, vomiting and diarrhea - at which point the virus becomes highly contagious.

Sierra Leone, a former British colony, said passengers arriving and departing Lungi International Airport would be subject to new protocols, including body temperature scans.

Two regional airlines, Nigeria's Arik and Asky, have canceled all flights to Freetown and Monrovia after a U.S. citizen, Patrick Sawyer, died in Lagos last week after arriving on an Asky flight from Liberia.

The WHO said authorities in Nigeria had identified 59 people in the airport and hospital who had come into contact with Sawyer, whose flight also stopped in Ghana and Togo.

Nigeria's Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA) suspended Asky for bringing Ebola to Lagos, a teeming mega-city of 21 million people. Many people had questioned how a person showing signs of the disease - whose sister had died of it three weeks previous - had been able to board an international flight.

Health officials are scrambling to avoid the nightmare scenario of an Ebola outbreak in Lagos, the continent's biggest metropolis, but say there are so far no signs of further cases.

Ghana also announced on Thursday it was introducing body temperature screening of all travelers from West African countries at Accra airport and other major entry points, with isolation centers being set up in three towns.

Kyei Faried, deputy director in charge of disease control, told a news conference that authorities had a list of 11 passengers who disembarked from Sawyer's flight and were monitoring them. The government is considering whether to ban flights from affected countries.

The U.S. Peace Corps said it was withdrawing 340 volunteers from Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea after two of them came in contact with a person who later died of the virus.

(Additional reporting by Daniel Flynn in Dakar, Tom Miles in Geneva, Tim Cocks in Lagos, Clair MacDougall in Monrovia and Adam Bailes in Freetown; Writing by Daniel Flynn; Editing by Mark Heinrich)

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Join the discussion

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frankiegallo33 July 31 2014 at 6:38 AM

Legal entry only which includes health screening.

Flag Reply +79 rate up
18 replies
Jay July 31 2014 at 7:23 AM

You want to stop Ebola then you cut off all travel to and from the country that has so many people infected with the virus.

Flag Reply +68 rate up
5 replies
Ronald Malozi July 31 2014 at 7:48 AM

This is just the beginning. With so many illegals coming here who are sickly and diseased. Hordes of people allowed to swarm in here without any health screening is absurd. It will get much worse with epidemics and pandemics. Just wait until school starts.

Flag Reply +58 rate up
12 replies
plewdawg July 31 2014 at 6:35 AM

.....meanwhile, along our southern borders and moving across the nation...............

Flag Reply +57 rate up
10 replies
raptureus210 July 31 2014 at 7:20 AM

It was predicted that in the Last Days there will be more of these kinds of outbreaks that meds can not cure! Looks like things are forming up right about now. Folks, if you have not accepted Jesus, please do it today. Plus, all of these uncontrollable events around the world is the perfect platform for the Antichrist to appear to be the "savior" who will have the answer for the entire world. This is predicted in the Bible!

Flag Reply +47 rate up
15 replies
cigary43 July 31 2014 at 7:20 AM

Considering quarantine...really? They just need to do it before it infects the world as we all know that in this day and age viruses can be transferred to any region in the very same day. Put a quarantine around the whole area until it's gone.

Flag Reply +43 rate up
6 replies
papajokr July 31 2014 at 6:50 AM

The world health orginization will miss this one. Obama already has. I'm betting that it's here already. Open botders do have consequences.

Flag Reply +36 rate up
10 replies
endmillll July 31 2014 at 7:22 AM

Thats the problem if you ever notice its always the bad deseases we get are from africa.

Flag Reply +20 rate up
17 replies
jkastudios July 31 2014 at 7:42 AM

African people are looked down upon as being dirty and filthy, because that's the way the majority choose to live. If the poor things would just let go of their cave man like antics perhaps they would have clean and vibrant city living conditions with highly advanced cities. But they don't because all they do is fight and squander over lands where people **** on beaches and eat human beings flesh in the streets, that is what Liberia is well known for. So when it comes down to the way the world is...every person should look at Africa and look at the the males of this world and say, well thanks for ******* up the human race because you couldn't keep your dick in your pants and you had to be right all the time because you could get over your own ******* over charged ego's....thanks a lot you ********. Because honestly if you men out there who act all manly with your mates and talk up all that tough guy crap, look yourself in the mirror and see that your the reason the world sucks. Period.

Flag Reply +17 rate up
19 replies
Steve-a-rino July 31 2014 at 8:40 AM

We're simply finding out that nature, not humans, rules!

Flag Reply +13 rate up
1 reply
Meh... Steve-a-rino July 31 2014 at 9:35 AM

right on Steve-A-Rino it's the truth. at any time we could take major casualties to some mutated disease that makes the jump.

Flag Reply 0 rate up
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