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Transcript shows new insight into Ariz. execution

Jul. 25, 2014 4:02 AM EDT

FLORENCE, Ariz. (AP) - U.S. District Judge Neil V. Wake was attending a ceremony for a judicial colleague when he received an urgent - and unusual - request: Lawyers for a condemned inmate wanted him to stop an execution that didn't seem to be working.

"He has been gasping, snorting, and unable to breathe and not dying," lawyer Robin C. Konrad told the judge over the phone Wednesday, according to a transcript. "And we're asking - our motion asks for you to issue an emergency stay and order the Department of Corrections to start lifesaving techniques."

The judge asked his law clerk to quickly locate a phone number for an attorney for the state so he could find out what was happening. They conferenced in Jeffrey A. Zick, who was getting updates from the scene from Arizona's corrections chief.

What followed provided a window in to the nearly two-hour execution of 55-year-old Joseph Rudolph Wood as the defense lawyer pleaded to stop it and the Arizona attorney assured the judge everything was fine. In the middle of the arguments, Zick informed them that Wood had died.

The execution brought new attention to the death penalty debate in the U.S. as opponents said it was proof that lethal injection is cruel and unusual punishment. State officials and family members of Wood's two murder victims said there was nothing wrong with the execution.

Arizona Prison Chief: Execution Wasn't Botched

Department of Corrections Director Charles Ryan read a statement Thursday outside his office in which he dismissed the notion that the execution was botched, calling it an "erroneous conclusion" and "pure conjecture." He did not take questions from reporters.

He said IV lines in the inmate's arms were "perfectly placed" and insisted that Wood felt no pain. He also said the Arizona attorney general's office will not seek any new death warrants while his office completes a review of execution practices ordered by Gov. Jan Brewer.

Wood's lawyer Dale Baich called it a "horrifically botched execution" that should have taken 10 minutes.

Wood gasped more than 600 times over an hour and a half. During the gasps, his jaw dropped and his chest expanded and contracted.

An Ohio inmate gasped in similar fashion for nearly 30 minutes in January. An Oklahoma inmate died of a heart attack in April, minutes after prison officials halted his execution because the drugs weren't being administered properly.

States have scrambled in recent years to find alternative drugs because of a shortage rooted in European opposition to capital punishment. Arizona uses a combination of midazolam, a sedative, and hydromorphone, a painkiller.

Anesthesiology experts say they're not surprised that the combination of drugs took so long to kill Wood.

"This doesn't actually sound like a botched execution. This actually sounds like a typical scenario if you used that drug combination," said Karen Sibert, an anesthesiologist and associate professor at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center. Sibert was speaking on behalf of the California Society of Anesthesiologists.

Sibert said midazolam would not completely render Wood incapacitated. If he'd felt pain or been conscious, he would have been able to open his eyes and move, she said.

Sibert says that medical patients who are under general anesthesia are typically connected to a bispectral index, a technology that measures a person's level of consciousness and sends the information through a monitor. But for those who are only sedated, monitoring heart rate and blood pressure can suffice to determine whether there is brain activity.

"It's fair to say that those are drugs that would not expeditiously achieve (death)," said Daniel Nyhan, a professor and interim director of the anesthesiology department at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.

The execution prompted a series of phone calls involving Ryan, Brewer's office, lawyers and judges as the inmate gasped for more than 90 minutes.

Nearly two hours after he'd been sedated, Wood finally stopped taking those gasps that almost had a pattern to them. Every five seconds. Then every six seconds. Now seven.

While the gasps were occurring, Judge Wake was trying to determine if Wood was suffering pain.

"I am told that Mr. Wood is effectively brain dead and that this is the type of reaction that one gets if they were taken off of life support. The brain stem is working but there's no brain activity," Zick said, according to the transcript.

The judge then asked, "Do you have the leads connected to determine his brain state?"

The lawyer said he didn't think so.

"Well if there are not monitors connected with him, if it's just a visual observation, that is very concerning as not being adequate," the judge said.

Moments later, Zick said he received a note indicating the snoring had stopped and Wood's heart rate was slowing considerably. The judge asked him to call Ryan and find out the latest, and Zick left the call at 3:43 p.m.

"And again, I do need to make a decision within a few minutes as to whether to suspend the execution," the judge said.

Zick got back on the line about four minutes later.

"The director indicated that in consultation with the IV team leader, who is a medical doctor, Mr. Wood is apparently comatose; that he cannot change course at this point," he said.

The judge then weighed the pain question and whether it was too late to do anything. Then Zick interrupted.

"I just learned that the IV team leader has confirmed Mr. Wood's death," he said.

As they wrapped up, the judge offered a glimpse that the issue isn't going away.

"So there will be time to deal whatever consequence these events have for other plaintiffs," he said.

Join the discussion

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xbluboy July 25 2014 at 6:10 AM

Who cares what this less than an animal suffered for a couple of hours. His victims and their families have suffered for years, unable to bring this event to a closure, because of our so-called justice system and too many bleeding hearts.

Flag Reply +100 rate up
16 replies
msslongrider July 25 2014 at 6:20 AM

Headlines should of read Convicted Killer Feels what his Victim felt before he murdered them!
Too bad he didn't suffer longer!

Flag Reply +95 rate up
6 replies
LunarSnowStorm July 25 2014 at 6:14 AM

He's dead. Sounds like the execution worked just fine.

Flag Reply +88 rate up
4 replies
coopdabomb July 25 2014 at 6:25 AM

I just love the new system. It gives the families of the victims time to watch them squirm

Flag Reply +84 rate up
6 replies
thorrsman July 25 2014 at 6:11 AM

As I said yesterday, it was not botched, it just took some time.

You want quick, use a bullet.

The media, with their unspoken yet obvious agenda to do away with the death penalty, dramatizes these executions as if snorting in the depths of a final sleep means pain and suffering.

Flag Reply +83 rate up
9 replies
william01609 July 25 2014 at 6:49 AM

screw them...give them a choice...firing squad or hanging...or better yet the same manner used on their victims

Flag Reply +76 rate up
6 replies
Tin Manne July 25 2014 at 5:57 AM

There is something wrong with a system that gives the felon more rights than its victims. Shirley we have better drugs to kill someone. Maybe a bullet would be best. The guillotine worked well. Having them step on a land mine or IEDs is good.

Flag Reply +69 rate up
11 replies
Dianne July 25 2014 at 6:47 AM

Since when do these second-rate "journalists" have a degree in forensics and medicine?
You can hardly get a decent, truthful story written by any one them in the best of circumstances that's not slanted and designed to create controvery.
The killer got what he deserved.

Flag Reply +66 rate up
5 replies
simplyme482 July 25 2014 at 6:52 AM

I just don't understand why he got to live for 25 years after murdering these people. I don't even like the word because he can appeal. Debbie and Gene Dietz didn't get a chance to appeal after being shot by this lowlife. Two hours wasn't long enough and I hope while he was dying he knew the whole time why and if he suffered a little to bad.

Flag Reply +62 rate up
3 replies
MERLIN July 25 2014 at 5:53 AM

quit fussing, there was no problem

Flag Reply +49 rate up
2 replies
sparrca MERLIN July 25 2014 at 7:39 AM

Yes no problem......
Long death is so good, well deserved......

Flag Reply +1 rate up
1 reply
Ruthie sparrca July 25 2014 at 8:04 AM

Stop with your b.s. Think of the victims!

Flag +2 rate up
Dan MERLIN July 25 2014 at 8:14 AM

Right on! He murdered. He's dead. Justice served (albeit after too many years of needless appeals). No problem, mon! ☺

Flag Reply +5 rate up
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