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Bolivia on verge of legalizing work from age 10



Jul 17, 12:07 AM EDT

By PAOLA FLORES

EL ALTO, Bolivia (AP) -- Alicia weaves through El Alto's stalled traffic under a blazing sun, hawking colorful woven flowers to grumpy drivers and lovers.

With luck, the 12-year-old and her mother will together muster $18 by day's end, all the while keeping watch over her younger brother and sister, ages 8 and 6.

"It is difficult for my mother to sell alone because she has to look after my brothers," said Alicia, who normally goes to school in the afternoon but is using her vacation to help her mother by working the entire day. As her brothers sleep, her mother knits the flowers that Alicia sells.

While most of the world is trying to diminish child labor, Bolivia is on the verge of becoming the first nation to legalize it from age 10. Congress has approved the proposal and all that's now required is President Evo Morales' signature.

The bill's sponsors say lowering the minimum work age from 14 simply acknowledges a reality: Many poor families in Bolivia have no other choice than for their kids to work. The bill offers working children safeguards, they say.

`'Child labor already exists in Bolivia and it's difficult to fight it. Rather than persecute it, we want to protect the rights and guarantee the labor security of children," said Sen. Adolfo Mendoza, one of the bill's sponsors.

Under the legislation, 10-year-olds will be able to work as long as they are under parental supervision and also attend school. It sets 12 as the minimum age for a child to work under contract. They also would have to attend school.

`'To eliminate work for boys and girls would be like eliminating people's social conscience," Morales said in December in support of unionized young workers who marched on Congress to prevent it from ratifying a bottom-end work age of 14.

`'The president gave us his support. He also worked as a boy, herding llamas," Rodrigo Medrano, head of the Union of Boy, Girl and Adolescent Workers, told The Associated Press. He said there is no alternative in a society where half the population is poor.

Jo Becker, the children's rights advocacy director at New York-based Human Rights Watch, disagrees.

`'Bolivia's move is out of step with the rest of the world," she said. `'Child labor may be seen as a short-term solution to economic hardship, but is actually a cause of poverty."

Becker said people who start work as children end up with less education and lower earnings as adults. They are then more likely to send their own children to work, perpetuating the cycle of poverty.

Bolivia should instead invest in ways to lift families out of poverty, she said. It already does in a limited way, paying a per-child subsidy of $28 a year to families whose children attend school.

Carmen Moreno, an International Labor Organization official working to reduce child labor, said Bolivia's law contravenes a U.N. convention designating 14 as the minimum work age.

It also runs against the regional current. Mexico has set age 15 as the minimum and Chile age 16, Moreno said.

The U.N. agency says child labor is down one-third globally since 2000, with Latin America and the Caribbean together accounting now for just 13 million of the planet's estimated 168 million working children.

A 2008 study done by the ILO and Bolivian government found that 850,000 children ages 5 to 17 were working in Bolivia, roughly half in the countryside and half in the cities. Nearly nine in 10 were in the worst kinds of jobs, including sugar cane harvesting and underground mining, a proven life-shortener.

More recent statistics are lacking, but it's estimated that 1 million Bolivian children work regularly, accounting for 15 percent of the workforce. They toil in textiles, on farms and as street vendors, coca leaf pickers and porters at markets.

One in three don't attend school, studies show.

For Alicia, a childhood of play and leisure is not an option, especially since her father died two years ago. She says some days she is so tired from standing constantly that studying is difficult.

"There are days when I want to go out and have fun like those children I see go to the movie theater, but I see the effort my mother makes and I forget about all that," she said. "How can I rest when she doesn't?"

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abudotcom July 17 2014 at 9:13 AM

USAID/Bolivia provides about $85 million annually in development assistance through bilateral agreements with the Bolivian Government and unilateral agreements with other organizations. That is a lot of money…. WHAT is Bolivia doing with it?

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1 reply
Michael Keohane abudotcom July 17 2014 at 11:39 AM

What all governments do with such aid - allot the monies where they will do the most political good for the incumbents. That is basic government 101. Even if the do-gooders are in charge, the money never helps the people because the do-gooders are usually economically and financially ignorant.

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1 reply
posthuf Michael Keohane July 17 2014 at 1:43 PM

Taking money from poor people in a rich nation to give to rich people in poor nations.

Order of the day under liberals!

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tomkota July 17 2014 at 9:19 AM

sorry were broke takeing care of the people OBAMA has let come accross the boaders ...look to your own goverment to find out what they have done with the aid money we allready sent you

Flag Reply +3 rate up
cshae89546 July 17 2014 at 11:18 AM

The next humanitarian crisis the American taxpayer will be required to remedy at $100,000 per illegal?

Flag Reply +2 rate up
MIKEY'S SCREEN July 17 2014 at 12:21 PM

Hmmm...

Great!

Lets reroute all these illegals to Bolivia

Flag Reply +2 rate up
wrascil July 17 2014 at 3:29 PM

if they want to work, let them jump a train and come to america instead... THEY CAN COLLECT WELFARE ON THE BACKS OF WORKING AMERICANS.

Flag Reply +1 rate up
posthuf July 17 2014 at 1:42 PM

If you people had the slightest of how life is in other countries you'd be thankful you life in the U.S.

Bolivia is a poor country that has been run by political favoritism since its founding. Corruption is the order of the day, taxes are so high and state aid to the poor and destitute so low people die sitting on the sidewalks.

And the communist government uses every excuse it can find to blame the U.S.

At one time while I was working in La Paz there were riots because the teachers at the communist universities wanted more money, and it was all the fault of the U.S. because they weren't giving more free aid.

There was a brand spanking new John Deere tractor sitting in the window of a Dodge dealership. It was sent under LBJ in lieu of money to encourage Bolivia to grow something other than drugs. The Bolivian president of the day forced the Dodge dealership to buy the tractor for twice the U.S. price if he wanted to keep his business license.

Where's the real truth, aol?????????

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d1anaw July 17 2014 at 12:55 PM

The birthers in this country have no problem putting their children that age to work raising the younger children as they spit them out.

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1 reply
dbgarcia17 d1anaw July 17 2014 at 1:45 PM

When you say "birthers", are you referring to those of us who believe Obama is from Kenya, or those of us who are straight and reproduce?

Flag Reply 0 rate up
supermolar July 17 2014 at 12:39 PM

good training for adulthood

Flag Reply +1 rate up
Kay July 17 2014 at 11:23 AM

Sorry to the rest of the world, We can not save everyone! We need to start taking care of our own people!

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cincyburb01 July 17 2014 at 8:26 PM

This article is no surprise at all. People from different cultures produce children so the kids can care for the parents when they are old and can't care for themselves. There is little love involved, it's all done for practical reasons. I see hispanics here carting in their non-english speaking parents from their home countries. It's time to send them all back where they came from. Parents, kids, grandkids...all of them, go home and stop lowering the great standards that my ancestors established for this country 300 years ago.

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