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Oregon mental hospital to honor 'forgotten souls'


By Jonathan J. Cooper





SALEM, Ore. (AP) - They were dubbed the "forgotten souls" - the cremated remains of thousands of people who came through the doors of Oregon's state mental hospital, died there and whose ashes were abandoned inside 3,500 copper urns.

Discovered a decade ago at the decrepit Oregon State Hospital, where "One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest" was filmed, the remains became a symbol of the state's - and the nation's - dark history of treating the mentally ill.

A research effort to unearth the stories of those who moved through the hospital's halls, and to reunite the remains with surviving relatives, takes center stage Monday as officials dedicate a memorial to those once-forgotten patients.

"No one wants to be laid to rest without some kind of acknowledgement that they were here, that they contributed, that they lived," said state Senate President Peter Courtney, who led a successful effort to replace the hospital and build the memorial.

Between 1913 and 1971, more than 5,300 people were cremated at the hospital.

Most were patients at the mental institution, but some died at local hospitals, the state tuberculosis hospital, a state penitentiary or the Fairview Training Center, where people with developmental disabilities were institutionalized.

Hospital officials have been working for years to reunite the remains of their former patients with surviving relatives. Since the urns were found by lawmakers on a tour of the hospital in 2005, 183 have been claimed.

The 3,409 that remain and have been identified are listed in a searchable online database. Thirty-eight urns will likely never be identified; they're unmarked, have duplicate numbers or aren't listed in ledgers of people cremated at the hospital.

They came from different backgrounds, for different reasons.

Some stayed just days before they died, others for nearly their entire lives. They came from every state except Alaska and Hawaii. Nearly 1,000 were born in 44 countries. Five were born at sea.

Twenty-two were Native Americans. Their remains won't be part of the memorial; they'll be returned to their tribe for a proper ceremony. Members of the local Sikh community are working to claim the remains of two people.

Many of the 110 veterans still there will eventually receive proper military burials, though some are ineligible due to dishonorable discharges or insufficient information available.

Some patients spent a lifetime at the hospital for conditions like depression and bipolar disorder that, in modern times, are treated on an outpatient basis.

"At the time, they just put them in a safe place and treated them with what they knew to treat them," said Sharon Tucker, who led the two-year research project.

Records are sparse, even for people who lived for decades inside the walls. Some suffered from severe delusions, others from physical deformities. Some seemed to be institutionalized because their families just didn't know what to do with them.

But what does survive is a window not only into who they were, but the time in which they lived.

- Mr. S. Erickson was committed on Feb. 2, 1929, at age 78. A doctor who examined him wrote that he "wanders around naked at night" and suffers from senility. A laborer, 5-foot-5, 125 pounds with gray hair and blue eyes, he arrived in New York from Norway on the steamship Norstatter on Aug. 22, 1883, according to the doctor's report.

- Wencel Devorak, a saddler born in Bohemia, was 33 when he was committed on Jan. 31, 1890 struggling with delusions that others on the road to Portland were following him and teasing him about his wife. The handful of notes in his file show his delusions continued throughout his 40-year stay at the hospital.

- Susanna Weber arrived at Dammasch State Hospital, a now-closed mental institution, on July 26, 1962 at age 82. A widower, she was committed by her sister and a friend, who had cared for her for three years, but couldn't keep going. She'd been sent to a nursing home, but administrators kicked her out because she wouldn't stop wandering and rifling through other patients' possessions, according to a social worker's report written shortly after Weber arrived.

The remains of Erickson, Devorak, Weber and thousands of others have been transferred from the copper canisters to ceramic urns that will better protect them. The old canisters will be preserved to give visitors to the memorial a sense for how they once were housed.

"I think it will be very difficult to forget them now," said Jodie Jones, the state administrator leading the hospital replacement project.

Join the discussion

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Mike July 07 2014 at 7:47 AM

We've come a long way. Now we just dump the mentally ill in the streets to live and die. Thanks Ronald Reagan!

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12 replies
James July 07 2014 at 9:09 AM

We treat the mentally ill so much better now; we allow them to go free so they can buy guns.

Flag Reply +19 rate up
5 replies
Iselin007 July 07 2014 at 8:28 AM

How many of the patients were abused by the staff, an their stories hidden by the cremations?
The dead shall be resurected

Flag Reply +16 rate up
4 replies
tangledweb1027 July 07 2014 at 7:54 AM

In ten years only 183 remains have been claimed. These people were abandoned by their families or had no families and became wards of the state. There is no story here. This is propoganda.When menatlly ill patients were confined the entire society was safer. The only real concern is that these people be treated kindly. Since our enlightment about mentally illness, how many innocent people have been harmed because out patient treatment really doesn't work?

Flag Reply +11 rate up
6 replies
James July 07 2014 at 9:14 AM

There's no way this would happen today; they wouldn't waste the valuable copper.

Flag Reply +10 rate up
mamoseley3 July 07 2014 at 8:54 AM

Some people don't realize or just don't care tha one dayt they will be held accountable for what they do to other people. Believe it or not -- it WILL happen!

Flag Reply +8 rate up
1 reply
Hi Bob mamoseley3 July 07 2014 at 11:56 AM

Ya sure. you tell that to the Trumps, Rockefellers, Kennedys and Hearsts of this world.

Flag Reply 0 rate up
Doug July 07 2014 at 8:13 AM

No proof of "whose" death recorded, but today, you need several types of ID to survive!

Flag Reply +7 rate up
3 replies
stellamaris787 July 07 2014 at 8:50 AM

Mrs. Weber and Mr. Erickson probably had Alzheimer's disease. We may have come a long way but the way is still long and winding. We're not even close. No story here? To think that my loved one could have ended up in a copper canister like that... History teaches us that we can and should make a better story: http://www.alz.org/alzheimers_disease_facts_and_figures.asp

Flag Reply +7 rate up
1 reply
Scooby stellamaris787 July 07 2014 at 9:26 AM

Even more sad that they left this planet most likely in a horrific way, and their families never even claimed their remains.

Flag Reply +1 rate up
1 reply
amazing grace Scooby July 07 2014 at 3:44 PM

my heart is very heavy today after reading this story!!! this is not the 1st time I have hear of things like this happening but still I am haunted by it all!! may GOD bless all of their souls!!

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frank_rinaldi July 07 2014 at 11:42 AM

I'm a funeral director and own my own funeral home...we have over 50 unclaimed cremated remains in the back storage ranging from newborn infants to the elderly. By law, we can dispose of them after 120 days...but I usually keep them for 2 years just in case they have a change of heart and decide to come in and pick them up. I don't know why this is such a shock to people...it's nothing new.

Flag Reply +5 rate up
Buckingham's July 07 2014 at 11:41 AM

God bless those poor forgotten people. May they finally find peace and rest.

Flag Reply +4 rate up
1 reply
andallthatjazz013 Buckingham's July 07 2014 at 12:29 PM

My goodness! There really IS a post here with some intelligence and compassion!

Flag Reply 0 rate up
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