Indonesia became the newest country to mandate graphic photo warnings on cigarette packs on Tuesday

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Indonesia became the newest country to mandate graphic photo warnings on cigarette packs on Tuesday
FILE - In this June 24, 2014 file photo, new packs of cigarettes displaying pictorial health warnings are arranged on the counter by a shop attendant for photographers at a convenience store in Jakarta, Indonesia. Tobacco companies on Tuesday largely snubbed an Indonesian law requiring them to put graphic photo warnings on all cigarette packs being sold, marking another setback in a country that's home to the world's highest rate of men smokers and a wild, wild west of advertising. (AP Photo/Tatan Syuflana, File)
Health advocates march towards the Commission on Human Rights in a peaceful "walk” to raise awareness of the public on the Graphic Health Warnings Law Friday, June 6, 2014 at suburban Quezon city northeast of Manila, Philippines. The law, which is now on its second reading in Congress, allegedly aims to save government resources in health care costs as well as save the lives of the people. The "walk" also intends to show support to the health advocates and lawmakers in continuing to push for bigger picture warnings on cigarette packs. The sign reads: "Fight for Victims of Smoking!"(AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)
Bookshop supervisor Sanjit Amatya holds packaged cigarettes have to be sold in identical olive-brown packets bearing the same typeface and largely covered with graphic health warnings, with the same style of writing so the only identifier of a brand will be the name on the packet, in Sydney on December 1, 2012. A new world-first law forcing tobacco companies to sell cigarettes in identical packets came into effect Saturday in Australia in an effort to strip any glamour from smoking and prevent young people from taking up the habit. AFP PHOTO/William WEST (Photo credit should read WILLIAM WEST/AFP/Getty Images)
British American Tobacco Australia chief executive David Crow displays one of the new, drab olive-green cigarette packets plastered with graphic health warnings in Sydney on May 17, 2011. Despite the fact that over 15,000 Australians die of smoking-related diseases every year, and that tobacco use costs the country nearly 33 billion USD annually in healthcare and lost productivity, the tobacco industry threatened to slash the price of cigarettes if Australia goes ahead with plans to introduce plain packaging. AFP PHOTO / Torsten BLACKWOOD (Photo credit should read TORSTEN BLACKWOOD/AFP/Getty Images)
LONDON - OCTOBER 01: In this photo illustration mock-up cigarette packets display some of the graphic picture warnings which will feature on packets in the future on October 1, 2008 in London, England. The UK is the first country in the EU to introduce the new warnings, which include pictures of throat cancer, rotting teeth and lungs, and which will replace written warnings on all cigarette packets sold in the UK by October 1, 2009. (Photo illustration by Cate Gillon/Getty Images)
BRUSSELS, BELGIUM - OCTOBER 22: In this Handout photo from the European Community shows a proposed picture warnings seen on non-branded cigarette boxes on October 22, 2004 released from a press conference held today in Brussels by David Bryne European Commissioner for health and consumer protection. He announced a GBP49 million EU campaign against smoking and unveiled the new hard hitting warnings for cigarette packs. EU member states will decide if they wish to use the pictures to add impact to their health warnings, but the Commission expects a number of countries to introduce picture warnings next year. (Photo by European Community via Getty Images)
BRUSSELS, BELGIUM - OCTOBER 22: In this Handout photo from the European Community shows images of proposed picture warnings seen on non-branded cigarette boxes October 22, 2004 released from a press conference held today in Brussels by David Bryne European Commissioner for health and consumer protection. He announced a GBP49 million EU campaign against smoking and unveiled the new hard hitting warnings for cigarette packs. EU member states will decide if they wish to use the pictures to add impact to their health warnings, but the Commission expects a number of countries to introduce picture warnings next year. (Photo by European Community via Getty Images)
388941 08: Since December 23, 2000 new graphic health warning labels are beginning to appear on cigarette packages in Canada. They display health information messages on diseases caused by tobacco use. The regulations that allowed for these images became law in June 2000, making Canada the first country in the world to implement such strong labeling and reporting measures. (Photo by Pierre Roussel/Newsmakers)
Health advocates march towards the Commission on Human Rights in a peaceful "walk" to raise awareness of the public on the Graphic Health Warnings Law Friday, June 6, 2014 at suburban Quezon city, northeast of Manila, Philippines. The law, which is now on its second reading in Congress, allegedly aims to save government resources in health care costs as well as save the lives of the people. The “walk” also intends to show support to the health advocates and lawmakers in continuing to push for bigger picture warnings on cigarette packs. (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)
Health advocates, including cancer survivors, march towards the Commission on Human Rights office at suburban Quezon city, northeast of Manila, Philippines to push for the inclusion of a legislative measure that will mandate tobacco firms to put graphic health warnings on cigarette packs Friday, Jan. 17, 2014. Organizers said, the "Right to Health Walk" protest was held to demonstrate the health hazards and premature deaths that smoking can cause which they claim will help end the country's "tobacco epidemic." (AP Photo/Bullit Marquez)
FILE - In this June 26, 2013 file photo, the warning signs are printed on the cigarette packets on sale in Bangkok. (AP Photo/Apichart Weerawong, File)
FILE - In this May 29, 2009 file photo, Philippine Health Secretary Franccisco Duque III shows pack of cigarettes with pictures of the bad effects of smoking during a news conference to mark World No Tobacco Day in Manila, Philippines. Duque urged legislators to pass the bill implementing the picture-based health warning on packs of cigarettes, which they claimed to be more effective in educating people. (AP Photo/ Pat Roque, File)
FILE - In this Nov. 19, 2010 file photo, a man shows his cigarette package covered by a warning that reads in Spanish "Smoking, you stink," top, and "Smoking causes bad breath" in Montevideo, Uruguay. (AP Photo/Matilde Campodonico, File)
FILE - This combination photo made from file images provided by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration shows two of nine cigarette warning labels from the FDA. A judge on Wednesday, Feb. 29, 2012 blocked the federal requirement that would have begun forcing U.S. tobacco companies to put large graphic images on their cigarette packages later this year to show the dangers of smoking and encouraging smokers to quit lighting up. (AP Photo/U.S. Food and Drug Administration, File)
This image provided by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration on Tuesday, June 21, 2011 shows one of nine new warning labels cigarette makers will have to use by the fall of 2012. In the most significant change to U.S. cigarette packs in 25 years, the FDA's the new warning labels depict in graphic detail the negative health effects of tobacco use. (AP Photo/U.S. Food and Drug Administration)
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JAKARTA, Indonesia (AP) - Indonesia became the newest country to mandate graphic photo warnings on cigarette packs on Tuesday, joining more than 40 other nations or territories that have adopted similar regulations in recent years. The warnings, which showcase gruesome close-up images ranging from rotting teeth and cancerous lungs to open tracheotomy holes and corpses, are an effort to highlight the risks of health problems related to smoking. Research suggests these images have prompted people to quit, but the World Health Organization estimates nearly 6 million people continue to die globally each year from smoking-related causes. The tobacco industry has fought government efforts to introduce or increase the size of graphic warnings in some countries.

Here are a few places where pictorial health warnings have made headlines:

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INDONESIA:

THE LAW: 40 percent of pack covered by graphic photos.

TIMING: Deadline to be on shelves was June 24.

BACKGROUND: Many tobacco companies missed Tuesday's deadline to comply with the new law requiring all cigarette packs in stores to carry graphic warning photos. Indonesia, a country of around 240 million, has the world's highest rate of male smokers at 67 percent and the second-highest rate overall. Its government is among the few that has yet to sign a World Health Organization treaty on tobacco control.

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THAILAND:

THE LAW: Portion of cigarette packs that must be covered with graphic health warnings rising from 55 percent to 85 percent.

TIMING: Change will take effect in September.

BACKGROUND: Last year, the Public Health Ministry issued a regulation increasing the level of coverage to 85 percent. Tobacco giant Philip Morris and more than 1,400 Thai retailers sued, and a court temporarily suspended the order. On Friday, the Supreme Administrative Court ruled that the regulation can take effect.

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AUSTRALIA:

THE LAW: No cigarette brand logos permitted; graphic health warnings required on 75 percent of front and 90 percent of back.

TIMING: Plain packaging law went into effect in 2012.

BACKGROUND: Australia became the first country in the world to mandate plain cigarette packs with no brand logo or colors permitted. Instead, the packs are solid brown and covered in large graphic warnings. Tobacco companies fought the law, saying it violated intellectual property rights and devalued their trademarks, but the country's highest court upheld it. Figures released this month by the country's Bureau of Statistics found that cigarette consumption fell about 5 percent from March 2013 to the same period this year. The World Trade Organization has agreed to hear complaints filed by several tobacco-growing countries, but other governments have expressed interest in passing similar laws. Smokers make up 17 percent of Australia's population.

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UNITED STATES:

THE LAW: No graphic pictures on packs.

TIMING: The government stepped away from a legal battle with tobacco companies in March 2013.

BACKGROUND: There are currently no pictorial warnings on cigarette packs in the U.S. After the tobacco industry sued, a Food and Drug Administration order to include the graphic labels was blocked last year by an appeals court, which ruled that the photos violated First Amendment free speech protections. The government opted not to take the case to the U.S. Supreme Court, but will instead develop new warnings. About 18 percent of adult Americans smoke.

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PHILIPPINES:

THE LAW: Graphic warning legislation approved this month requires 50 percent of bottom of the pack to be covered by graphic warnings.

TIMING: Legislation awaits president's signature.

BACKGROUND: The Philippines is expected to join a handful of other countries that put graphic warnings at the bottom of their packs, meaning they are not visible when displayed on store shelves. Anti-smoking advocates say labels on the bottom of the packs are less effective, and have denounced tobacco industry involvement in the implementation process. Health officials said around 17 million people in the country of 96 million, or 18 percent, smoked in 2012.

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URUGUAY:

THE LAW: Graphic warnings cover 80 percent of packs.

TIMING: Regulations implemented in 2010.

BACKGROUND: Uruguay, a leader in strict tobacco controls, mandated what were the largest graphic warnings ever in 2010. Eighty percent of packs must be covered by the labels, including one depicting a person smoking a battery to show that cigarettes contain the toxic metal cadmium. Uruguay has backed Australia at the WTO, telling the trade body that smoking is "the most serious pandemic confronting humanity." Philip Morris International sued Uruguay over the law; the case is still pending.

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