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Sen. Baker, who queried Nixon on Watergate, dies



WASHINGTON (AP) -- Howard Baker's question sliced to the core of Watergate: "What did the president know and when did he know it?"

Repeated over and again in the senator's mild Tennessee drawl, those words guided Americans through the tangle of Watergate characters and charges playing daily on TV to focus squarely on Richard Nixon and his role in the cover-up.

Baker's famous question has been dusted off for potential White House scandals big and small ever since.

Respected Former Senator Howard Baker Dies At 88

Baker, who later became Senate majority leader, chief of staff to President Ronald Reagan and one of the GOP's elder statesmen, died Thursday at his Tennessee home of complications from a stroke suffered days earlier, according to an email distributed at the law firm where Baker was senior counsel. He was 88.

Baker emerged as an unlikely star of the Watergate hearings in the summer of 1973.

When chosen as vice chairman - and therefore leading Republican - of the Senate special committee, he was a Nixon ally who thought the allegations couldn't possibly be true. Democrats feared he would serve as the White House's "mole" in the investigation of the break-in at Democratic headquarters and other crimes perpetrated in service to Nixon's re-election.

"I believed that it was a political ploy of the Democrats, that it would come to nothing," Baker told The Associated Press in 1992. "But a few weeks into that, it began to dawn on me that there was more to it than I thought, and more to it than I liked."

He said Watergate became "the greatest disillusionment" of his political career.

Baker's intense but restrained style of interrogating former White House aides played well on camera. A youthful-looking, side-burned 47-year-old, his brainy charm inspired a raft of love notes sent to his Senate office; a women's magazine proclaimed him "studly." He was mentioned frequently as presidential material.

By the time Nixon resigned in 1974, Baker was a household name with a reputation for fairness and smarts that stuck throughout a long political career.

Howard Henry Baker Jr. had a fine political pedigree - his father was a congressman from Huntsville, Tenn., and his father-in-law a prominent senator from Illinois. Over the years, his name would be knocked about for big Washington jobs including vice presidential candidate, Supreme Court justice and CIA director. But his focus remained on the Senate and, at times, the White House.

In 18 years as a moderate Republican senator, he was known for plain speaking and plain dealing. He had a talent for brokering compromise, leading some to dub him "the Great Conciliator."

"Senator Baker truly earned his nickname: the Great Conciliator. I know he will be remembered with fondness by members of both political parties," Sen. Mitch McConnell of Kentucky on the Senate floor Thursday, announcing Baker's death to the chamber.

Tennessee Sen. Lamar Alexander, who once worked as an assistant to Baker, called him "Tennessee's favorite son" and "an indispensable friend."

"He built our state's two-party political system and inspired three generations to try to build a better state and country," Alexander said in a news release Thursday.

Baker was minority leader when the Reagan landslide swept Republicans into control of the chamber in 1980 Reagan, and he became the first Republican majority leader in decades.

Putting aside his own reservations about Reagan's economic proposals, Baker played a key role in passage of legislation synonymous with the "Reagan Revolution" - major tax and spending cuts combined with a military buildup.

Baker considered his years as Senate majority leader, 1981 to 1985, the high point of his career. He called it "the second-best job in town, only second to the presidency."

He made a fleeting bid for that best job in 1980, and left the Senate with an eye to another presidential run in 1988. Instead, he ended up in the White House as Reagan's chief of staff.

Reagan needed him to put things in order after ousting chief of staff Donald Regan amid scandal over the administration's secret moves to trade arms for hostages in Iran and divert the profits to Nicaraguan rebels - another of history's what-did-the-president-know moments.

Baker recalled marshaling all his reasons for refusing the offer, but he couldn't turn down Reagan. "I guess I am a pushover for presidents," he said.

The Reagan White House weathered Iran-Contra. But Baker lost his last chance at the presidency.

"I have seen it up close and personal and I am convinced that I could do that job," he said. "But that boat never came to dock."

During much of the 1980s and `90s, Baker grappled with the illness of his wife, Joy, daughter of Everett Dirksen, a former GOP Senate leader. She died in 1993 after an 11-year battle with cancer. The couple had two children.

In 1996, Baker married Kansas Sen. Nancy Landon Kassebaum. It was the first time two people who had served in the Senate married.

President George H.W. Bush sent Baker to Moscow in 1991 to meet with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev before a summit; George W. Bush named him ambassador to Japan in 2001.

An accomplished amateur photographer, Baker carried a camera wherever he went. But he didn't take any photos during the Watergate hearings.

"I felt that it was beneath the dignity of the event," he said years later. "It turned out the event had no dignity and I should have taken pictures."

Join the discussion

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debnaert June 26 2014 at 3:05 PM

This IRS scandal will be EVEN BIGGER than Watergate ever was! Just another crime that this president can fasten to his worthless NAME! And Lois.... YOUR GOING to spend a long time in prison!

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10 replies
fullsrvlaw June 26 2014 at 3:24 PM

Howard Baker was a principled Republican. We do not see that kind of Republican anymore. There used to be Republicans that were honorable people like Gerald Ford, Eisenhower, Jacob Javits and yes, even Nixon in some respects. Now, the Republican party is a shill for corporate America. Names like GW Bush, Cheney, Rumsfeld, Bolton, Wolfowitz, the brand has been irreparably tarnished.

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17 replies
darandlev June 26 2014 at 3:47 PM

RIP Senator Baker you were a great human being. Sadly, your kind is no longer seen in the halls of congress. Today we have the party of no.

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1 reply
KILO ROCK BRAVO darandlev June 26 2014 at 3:51 PM

It is morally disconcerting that today key members of the GOP insist that "reaching accross the aisle" or compromising to "get work accomplished" is anathama to being a Good American. The only moral, ethical, and productive path is for all sides to work together. That ain't ***** talk, thats what is the right thing to do.

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chnvlly June 26 2014 at 4:02 PM

He was one of the class acts left in the world of politics, truly a man from another time. I'll miss him.

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crhenergytrade June 26 2014 at 3:12 PM

senator Baker, rest in peace, job well done.

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Elaine June 26 2014 at 4:15 PM

I lived in Tennessee for 40 years and although I am not a Republican I had the highest regard for Sen. Baker. He called my house one morning and apologized for waking me up. He then went on to explain that I had had a question regarding the visa status of a young lady we we're considering hiring as a live-in to care for my son. Sen. Baker was knew the young lady and called me personally to vouch for her character. Everyone knew him in our small community and it didn't matter how you voted he always represented the people..all the people. That was in the days before politics became so divisive and such a hot-button issue. He was a good man and an honest one and he will be missed.

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2 replies
balaland Elaine June 26 2014 at 7:43 PM

need more of em.......

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Tommy Elaine June 27 2014 at 7:48 AM

I am a fellow Tennessean as well. Kudos to you, and Thanks for sharing. You won't find a Mr. Baker in congress (or TN) today.

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Charlotte June 26 2014 at 4:07 PM

A great statesman has died. May he RIP. My Condolences to his family. It is a shame that the era for great statesmen has passed.

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candacedean June 26 2014 at 3:26 PM

nothing will ever be bigger than dick nixon trying to subvert the constitution

all repubs go jump in the lake

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5 replies
rjollierroger June 26 2014 at 3:44 PM

The Watergate scandal is the reason the gop has spent billions investigating every Dem. POTUS since then. They still have not gotten over that.

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3 replies
redletter2008 June 26 2014 at 8:33 PM

Baker was a fine Senator and a fine man. He was the first Republican Senate Majority leader in 26 years when he took charge in 1981 (after the Reagan Revolution that swept out failed President Jimmy Carter and many Democrats in Congress), and helped - with Democratic Speaker Tip 'O Neil - get the President's legislative agenda through Congress. Reagan, Baker and 'O Neil had a cordial working relationship so utterly lacking today. President Obama apparently has no friends on Capitol Hill (I guess he thinks he's too good to spend time with congressional members - even from his own party), and this is evident in his inability to get even minimal GOP support for his agenda. Mr. Baker also served President Reagan as a capable Chief of Staff during a difficult period in the second term and should be commended for his service to TN and America.

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1 reply
Tommy redletter2008 June 27 2014 at 7:49 AM

Mr. Baker is the reason Congress "worked" back then, unlike today.

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