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Syrian woman survives 700 days trapped in house


By Diaa Hadid

HOMS, Syria (AP) - Over the course of the 700-day blockade, her world shrunk to her living room and her kitchen. She survived by eating plants and reading books. She refused to look in the mirror, because seeing her withered state might break her spirit.

Zeinat Akhras, a 65-year-old pharmacist, still bears the effects of nearly two years trapped in her home, surrounded by rebel fighters during the government's siege on the ancient quarters of the central Syrian city of Homs. She's still a wispy 38 kilograms (83 pounds), even after gaining four kilograms (eight pounds) since the blockade ended in early May with the fall of the rebels in the city.

"Every day, we said it will end tomorrow," Akhras said in a recent interview with The Associated Press in her home. "If we counted the number of days, we would have given up."

Homs' Old City, a series of crowded neighborhoods, was under siege and bombardment in a campaign by government forces to starve out rebels. Homs had been one of the first to rise up against the rule of President Bashar Assad with protests in March 2011, turning the city into a battleground as government forces cracked down and opponents took up arms.

Government forces clamped the seal over the opposition-held districts in early 2012. Most of the tens of thousands of residents of the areas had already fled. With the siege dragging on, rebels began deserting as hunger spread, and morale collapsed in late 2013. Finally, the last few dozen fighters were evacuated in May to areas further north under a cease-fire, and government forces took full control of the city.

Akhras and her two brothers were among the few civilians who stayed until the end, in their multi-story family home in the al-Maljaa quarter, decorated like many of the area's homes in an Arab medieval style of black-and-white geometric facades.

They stayed because they feared rebels would seize the building - the fate of other abandoned homes - or would loot the family pharmacy or clothing shop.

In the beginning, the siege was tolerable because Akhras' family had hoarded provisions for the sometimes long lockdowns during previous gunbattles. They were well stocked with rice, beans and cracked wheat and fuel.

As the blockade deepened, Akhras rarely left the building - perhaps six times during the 700 days, she estimated.

"I used to come back sad from seeing the destruction. This area used to be full of life," she said.

Life took on a routine.

Her brothers Anas and Ayman went out to check on their businesses and kept an eye on the nearby Mar Elia church. She cooked, kept the building tidy. She rose at dawn and slept at sunset, since there was no electricity. Over the course of the two years, at least 12 shells slammed into their home, causing damage upstairs.

"It was bothersome, because we'd hear explosions day and night. You get used to it."

A priest asked the Akhras siblings, who are Christians, to hide valuable church property. So gradually, icons and boxes of centuries-old church records piled up in their home. Then, their pharmacy and clothes shop were looted in 2013, so the brothers brought home boxes of remaining medicines and clothes to store as well.

As the siege dragged on, rebel fighters showed up repeatedly demanding food and fuel, Akhras said. They usually came in groups, ordering Akhras to sit in the living room as they raided the kitchen and the upstairs apartments where food was kept. One young rebel snatched a jam jar that "barely had a spoonful left in it," she recalled.

Toward the end, the fighters didn't even bother to come with guns - they simply knocked on the door and demanded food. Finally, in mid-2013, armed rebels surrounded the building and came in, carrying away nearly the entire stock of food and fuel. The siblings were left with only cracked wheat, which ran out by January.

Still, she said her family was not harassed by the Sunni rebels for being Christian - it appeared to be because her house was the one with food.

Tragedy came in December. One of her brothers, Anas, who was suffering from cancer, left in a U.N. organized evacuation of hundreds of civilians from the Old City. He died 19 days later.

For the last months, Akhras kept her mind on daily tasks.

Without fuel, her surviving brother Ayman collected firewood. With their supplies down to only tea, oil and spices, Ayman also collected greens - dandelion, chicory and mallow, plants so unnoticed by a city-dweller that Akhras referred to them simply as "grass." Even those became so scarce that Ayman dug for them in a church cemetery.

Akhras' duties now included chopping wood to fuel the subya, a traditional heater-oven. She learnt to soak, boil and spice the salvaged greens.

She lost her appetite on the bitter, monotonous meals. She withered from about 127 pounds (58 kilos) when the blockade began to 75 pounds (34 kilos), shrinking as her space grew smaller.

Akhras said she didn't want to upset herself by looking in the mirror. "I knew I had lost weight. It was like I was on a diet I never wanted."

Only after the siege was over did she finally see her transformation - she saw herself on TV, in footage of the army's entry. "I was smaller than a child!" she exclaimed.

In free hours trapped in her home, Akhras devoured books - the Bible and stories of saints, mostly. Neatly arranged on her coffee table stood a row of large bullet casings.

Her darkest days, she said, came after Anas died and when Ayman went to sleep in another building they own to keep away looters. She was left alone as rebels raided the building again, this time digging upstairs for more medicine and clothing.

"I missed my siblings - we are six girls and six boys. I missed my mother who died at the end of 2011," she said.

Akhras initially didn't know on May 9 that the blockade had been lifted and government troops had entered the neighborhood. She has no radio and did not listen to the news. In a rare outing to the well across her alleyway, she saw a man who told her, "The army is here."

Surprised, Akhras found a soldier and asked him for bread - still unaware of how skeletal she appeared. The soldier bought her two dozen pieces of pita bread.

"I ate a whole piece of bread myself," she said, her eyes shining. "It tasted like sweets."

_____

Associated Press writer Albert Aji contributed to this report in Homs, Syria.

Join the discussion

1000|Char. 1000  Char.
Patricia June 11 2014 at 2:38 PM

What a brave and resourceful woman! When will people stop hating each other?

Flag Reply +66 rate up
11 replies
eh92126 June 11 2014 at 2:41 PM

Happy she made it through.

Flag Reply +43 rate up
3 replies
caprice420 June 11 2014 at 2:49 PM

She's a beautiful lady!!! Sure doesn't look 65!

Flag Reply +32 rate up
1 reply
rymic caprice420 June 11 2014 at 5:20 PM

No, she looks older!

Flag Reply +3 rate up
cobhire913 June 11 2014 at 3:04 PM

May God Bless You and Your Brother for Your Courage

Flag Reply +24 rate up
2 replies
trillian79 cobhire913 June 11 2014 at 3:31 PM

What courage? They stayed in the house because they wanted to protect their belongings. They lived on hope and probably a lot of prayers and they persevered. They were lucky. It was not courage, it was to the ability to live day by day and that's what the did. I guess if doing that takes courage, then they had courage.

Flag Reply +9 rate up
10 replies
BARRY AND KATHY cobhire913 June 12 2014 at 10:20 PM

Please stop that.
There is simply no God who allow this brave woman to suffer like that.
It's believing in this fictional character which causes so much of the suffering in the world. If everyone would simply care for their brethren instead of trying to prove THEIR God is better than YOUR God, we would be so much better off.
It's just not reasonable to praise A perfect God While talking about all the non perfect things He allows to be done to people.
Don't mention free will because that doesn't come close to explaining why those who are indulging in THEIR free will are allowed to indulge it against innocent victims. Does God simply care more for them than their victims. What message do you really think God would be sending if this fallacy were really true?

Flag Reply 0 rate up
Gordon June 11 2014 at 2:33 PM

I guess she was on the wrong side of the red line Obama had drawn in the sand.

Flag Reply +23 rate up
13 replies
knarfdr June 11 2014 at 2:27 PM

Moochelle should get a hash tag and end all this kind of stuff.

Flag Reply +20 rate up
10 replies
corey39184 June 11 2014 at 3:06 PM

A book, a movie. Amazing woman. Wow.

Flag Reply +16 rate up
1 reply
wnagle53 corey39184 June 12 2014 at 5:22 AM

Wow ?? What did she do to help the cause she supported. NOTHING ! She was well stocked, and stayed home to keep for herself what she had. "She was one of the first to speak out" ? This is aperfect example for all you posters that ACTIONS SPEAK LOUDER THAN WORDS.

Flag Reply +2 rate up
1 reply
houcasey wnagle53 June 12 2014 at 6:53 AM

And what would you have a 100 pound, 65 year old woman do? Get an assault rifle and join the fighting? Give all her supplies away and starve to death herself?
I wonder what your actions would be in a similar situation?
Probably piss your pants.

Flag +2 rate up
silkroadg June 11 2014 at 2:39 PM

MOOCHELLE is the BLACK Jackie squatting in the WHITE House and how dare you insult a woman who only cares about the children. Oh and don't you forget"

ISLAM IS THE RELIGION OF PEACE!!!

Flag Reply +14 rate up
16 replies
ilenedan2 June 11 2014 at 2:48 PM

The headline should read Syrian people trapped in their apartments, starved, raped, murdered because this poor lady is just one and so many others too have been harmed. War is hell!

Flag Reply +14 rate up
3 replies
blminer521 June 11 2014 at 3:09 PM

nazi camps all over again, only in your own home.

Flag Reply +8 rate up
1 reply
WILLIAM J. DALE blminer521 June 11 2014 at 11:46 PM

We all need to store food and supplies........ we do not know when it is coming to our street....... Everything is so unstable right now........

Flag Reply +2 rate up
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