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PM: Spanish king to abdicate in favor of son

MADRID (AP) - Spain's King Juan Carlos, who led Spain's transition from dictatorship to democracy but faced damaging scandals amid the nation's financial meltdown, announced Monday he will abdicate in favor of his more popular son so that fresh royal blood can rally the nation.

While the monarchy is largely symbolic, Juan Carlos' surprise decision may hold implications for a burning Spanish issue: the fate of wealthy Catalonia, which plans to hold a secession referendum this fall.

Abdication in favor of Crown Prince Felipe is expected to bring constitutional revisions to guarantee the new king's daughter will succeed him. That could create momentum for further constitutional changes aimed at easing Catalan secessionist fervor, analysts say.

The 76-year-old Juan Carlos said Felipe, 46, is ready to be king and will "open a new era of hope." The son certainly has greater command over the hearts of his people: Felipe's 70 percent approval in a recent El Mundo newspaper poll dwarfs Juan Carlos' 40.

The king Carlos didn't mention the scandals or Catalonia by name or specify what issues his son must prioritize as the next head of state for Spain. He only stressed that Felipe will need to "tackle with determination the transformations that the current situation demands and confront the challenges of tomorrow with renewed intensity and dedication."

The king told Spaniards in his nationwide address that he started making a plan to give up the throne after he turned 76 in January.

Since then, Spain has embarked on what appears to be a sluggish but steady economic recovery. Its biggest problems are a 25 percent unemployment rate and the drive by the wealthy northeastern region of Catalonia to hold a secession vote in November - one labeled illegal by the central government in Madrid.

Now that Felipe is set to become king, Spain is expected to change its constitution to make sure his first-born daughter Leonor can succeed him.

The royal family has said its wants the change to ensure she is next in line to the throne in the event that Felipe's wife gets pregnant again and gives birth to a boy, who would become monarch under the current constitution.

Analysts say that could open the door to political negotiations for additional proposed constitutional changes, including demands by the leading opposition Socialist Party to grant Catalonia more autonomy or special financial benefits to blunt Catalonian separatist sentiment.

"I think both parties could agree on a change to accommodate the needs of Catalonia," said Antonio Barroso, a London-based analyst with the Teneo Intelligence political and business risk consulting firm. He cautioned that the process could take months.

Artur Mas, the president of Catalonia, declared that the king's abdication would not derail his plans to hold the vote asking Catalans whether they want to secede from Spain.

"We have a date with our future on Nov. 9," Mas told reporters after the king gave his speech.

In a statement issued later, Mas added that "there will be a change in king, but there won't be a change in the political process that the people of Catalonia are following."

The abdication was first announced Monday by Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy, who did not say when the handover would happen because the government must now craft a law creating a legal mechanism for the abdication and for Felipe's assumption of power.

Rajoy, however, said he would preside over an emergency cabinet meeting on Tuesday to draft the law which is assured of passing because his center-right Popular Party has an absolute majority in Parliament.

Far-left parties called for a national referendum to abolish Spain's monarchy after the king made his announcement and said they would hold nationwide protests Monday night. They surprised the nation May 25 by polling much stronger than expected in the European Parliament elections, taking away seats from the mainline Popular and Socialist parties.

Juan Carlos has been on the throne for 39 years and was a hero to many for shepherding Spain's democratic and economic transformation, but has had repeated health problems in recent years.

His longstanding popularity took a big blow following royal scandals, including a 2012 elephant-shooting trip he took at the height of Spain's financial crisis during which he broke his right hip and had to be flown from Botswana to Spain aboard a private jet for medical treatment.

The king's image was also tarnished by the investigation of his son-in-law, who is being investigated on suspicion of embezzling large amounts in public contracts.

Juan Carlos' daughter Princess Cristina in January was forced to testify in the fraud and money-laundering case targeting her husband Inaki Urdangarin, an Olympic handball medalist turned businessman. She became the first Spanish royal to be questioned in court since Juan Carlos took the throne.

In his speech the king did not mention any of the scandals, played down his health issues and praised the crown prince.

"My son Felipe, the heir to the throne, embodies stability," Juan Carlos said.

Felipe would presumably take the title King Felipe VI. He has a law degree from Madrid's Autonomous University, obtained a master's in international relations from Georgetown University in the United States and was a member of Spain's Olympic sailing team at the Barcelona games in 1992.

Felipe is married to Princess Letizia, a former television journalist. Their daughters are ages 8 and 7.

Like his father, Felipe has traveled the globe trying to maintain Spain's influence especially in former Latin American colonies, while seeking to promote the nation's international business interests.

King Juan Carlos came to power in 1975, two days after the death of longtime dictator Francisco Franco. He endeared himself to many Spaniards, in large part by putting down an attempted military coup in 1981 when he was a young and largely untested head of state.

As Spain's new democracy matured over the years and Spain transformed itself from a European economic laggard into the continent's fourth largest economy, the king played a largely figurehead role, traveling the globe as an ambassador for the country.

He was also a stabilizing force in a country with restive, independence-minded regions like Catalonia and the northern Basque region.

"He has been a tireless defender of our interests," Rajoy said.

Juan Carlos melded the trappings of royalty with down-to-earth, regular-guy charm. The king is an avid sports fan and after the Madrid terror bombings of March 11, 2004, showed he could grieve like anyone else.

At an emotional state funeral for the 191 people killed in the train bombings by Islamic militants, Juan Carlos and Queen Sofia slowly went row-by-row through Madrid's Almudena Cathedral, clasping the hands of sobbing mourners or kissing them on the cheek.

But his patient work nearly came undone during the financial crisis, with people questioning after the elephant-hunting trip whether a hereditary monarchy was needed and whether it was worth the cost because of deep austerity measures imposed on Spaniards to prevent the country from financial collapse.

The World Wildlife Fund's branch in Spain ousted Juan Carlos as its honorary president - a title he'd held since 1968 - after deciding the hunt was incompatible with its goal of conserving endangered species. Juan Carlos took the unprecedented step of apologizing to Spaniards for his actions.

He recently said that he wanted to be remembered as "the king who has united all Spaniards."

Juan Carlos goes down a path increasingly traveled by European royalty.

Last year Belgium's King Albert handed over the throne of his fractious kingdom to his son, Crown Prince Philippe. Two months earlier, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands stepped down after a 33-year reign in favor of her eldest son, who was appointed King Willem-Alexander.

It was a break with tradition, but not as big as the decision early last year by Pope Benedict XVI to resign, a move that stunned Catholics around the world.

The two royal successions in Belgium and the Netherlands have been smooth and successful.
Spain's King Juan Carlos To Abdicate The Throne

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rovox25 June 02 2014 at 6:55 AM

I lived in Spain during the terrible Franco years (in the US Air Force) and saw what the people went through. He was a brilliant leader and oversaw the transition to democracy and for this he should be lauded. He will be missed. Let's hope the son can carry on with the same dignity and diligence as the father.

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5 replies
jurmik June 02 2014 at 6:45 AM

When Generalissimo Franco died in 1975, Juan Carlos became the leader to change Espana for what it is today with it's wonderful people, where I have lived many happy years. Viva el Rey! Viva el Nuevo Rey!

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4 replies
Second Chance June 02 2014 at 8:55 AM

When Juan Carlos took over he could have tried to just replace Franco as Spain's absolute ruler. In stead he brought about a democracy. A democracy that has become very liberal and tolerant. The is currently a poposed law to make amends for the inquistion by making it easy for jews to claim Spanish citizenship and possible return to Spain. Let's hope Juan Carlos's son continues on the path established by his father.

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2 replies
kcarthey Second Chance June 02 2014 at 9:36 AM

And Spain is a nation that fully accepts same sex marriage.

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2 replies
redwingirish kcarthey June 02 2014 at 10:03 AM

So they are a nation of queens!

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Ken kcarthey June 02 2014 at 8:23 PM

Let's distinguish between "Spain as a nation" and the Spanish government. I find it hard to believe that the nation who gave us the word "machismo" have "fully accepted" something so far from it. Here in the US, the will of the voters in multiple states has been struck down repeatedly by the will of individual judges, most recently in Pennsylvania. Let all 50 states go through this and end up allowing same-sex marriage and I doubt that even then you could say that, "America is a nation that fully accepts it." I need to know more about just what the process has been in Spain.

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d1anaw Second Chance June 02 2014 at 1:36 PM

That's a surprise. When I was stationed there and Franco was alive, you could not even get married in Spain unless you were catholic. And no birth control. Nada. (except on base of course) The church had a stranglehold on the government. I'm glad to hear that Juan Carlos severed that stranglehold.

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3 replies
Maria Martinez June 02 2014 at 6:20 AM

Honor to him! He led Spain through a most difficult transition from dictatorship to democracy.

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1 reply
walt.hafer Maria Martinez June 02 2014 at 8:26 AM

Hey whatever works for you.

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estela92 June 02 2014 at 8:01 AM


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7 replies
Mike June 02 2014 at 6:17 AM

I don't care who's married and who's not. It's getting harder and harder to tell a prince from a queen these days.

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2 replies
hensteeth Mike June 02 2014 at 8:20 AM

Good one, Mike. It would have been a different joke had you capitalized Prince.

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meepstein Mike June 02 2014 at 2:24 PM

No need to bring your bigoted ranting into this. You would have loved Nazi Germany, they put Homosexuals in concentration camps.

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1 reply
toddpugz meepstein June 03 2014 at 12:20 PM

And you would have loved ancient Rome, they fed Christians to the lions for sport.

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sfseltzer June 02 2014 at 7:15 AM

Maybe Queen Elizabeth should take a tip.

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16 replies
irullan45 June 02 2014 at 6:20 AM

Scandals, trouble, stealing $ is in every gov. so why bothering reading or making comments about this..we have it here too, all over the world..

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4 replies
coopdabomb June 02 2014 at 8:33 AM

Take a hint obama step down and let Bo your son run the country, can't be much worse

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11 replies
mjr15 June 02 2014 at 7:04 AM

I met him. A company I worked at over 20 years ago, made his Air Force 1 and Air Force 2 plane. Very tall. We made his bed too short and had to redesign the stateroom.

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5 replies
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