U.S. Justices Weigh Limits to Cellphone Searches by Police

Before you go, we thought you'd like these...
Supreme Court Cellphone Searches
Jacquelyn Martin/AP
By Lawrence Hurley

WASHINGTON -- U.S. Supreme Court justices Tuesday appeared to seek a compromise over whether police officers need warrants to search cellphones.

In two hours of oral arguments before the court, the justices appeared sympathetic to the need of police officers to quickly search phones when a suspect is arrested but were also wary of privacy concerns raised by the amount of personal data now kept on mobile devices.

The court indicated it could issue a ruling that says police might need a warrant in some circumstances but not in others. It was unclear what rationale the court would embrace.

One possible outcome would be for a search not to require a warrant so long as the evidence in question was directly related to the criminal investigation.

Several justices appeared concerned about granting the police unfettered access to the vast amount of information contained on smartphones.

%VIRTUAL-article-sponsoredlinks%"People carry their entire lives on cellphones," Justice Elena Kagan said.

On the other hand, Justice Anthony Kennedy noted that criminals have embraced new technology, which has enabled them to be "more dangerous, more sophisticated, more elusive."

The nine justices are weighing cases from California and Massachusetts arising from criminal prosecutions that used evidence obtained without a warrant from a judge.

The legal question rests on whether the Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, which bars unreasonable searches, requires police following an arrest to get court approval before a cellphone can be searched.

The two defendants challenging their convictions, David Riley and Brima Wurie, say evidence found on their phones shouldn't have been used as evidence at trial because the searches were conducted without warrants.

Should the court limit the scope of what police can search without a warrant, both men could still lose as the searches in their cases may still not need a warrant. Rulings are expected by the end of June.

The cases are Riley v. California, 13-132 and U.S. v. Wurie, 13-212.

15 PHOTOS
12 Ways to Save Money by Going Green
See Gallery
U.S. Justices Weigh Limits to Cellphone Searches by Police
Strategic planting of trees can reduce an unshaded home's air conditioning costs 15 percent to 50 percent, according to the U.S. Department of Energy, which has tips on landscaping for shade. Some tility companies offer customers free trees throughout the year, and some local governments give away trees as part of Arbor Day celebrations. For $10, you can join the Arbor Day Foundation and get ten free trees. Plus, your membership entitles you to a 33% discount on trees when you buy online from the foundation.
By leaving your car at home two days a week, you can reduce your greenhouse gas emissions by more than 3,000 pounds a year, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Plus, you'll save money on gas and parking if you bike rather than drive to work. For example, you'll save about $7 a day by biking rather than driving if you have a 15-mile round-trip commute. The How Much Can I Save Biking to Work? Tool analyzes your financial benefits. If biking isn't an option, you still can drive less by organizing a carpool, using public transportation or walking.
You can save an estimated 10 percent a year on heating and cooling costs by installing a programmable thermostat, according to the Energy Department. Save energy in the winter by setting the thermostat (which costs as little as $20) to 68 degrees while you're awake and programming it for a lower temperature while you're asleep or away from home. Set it for 78 degrees in the summer and increase the temperature when you're not home. You can shave 1 percent off your bill for each degree you decrease the temperature in the winter or increase it in the summer. And, no, you won't have to use more energy to warm or cool your house off when you get home. That's a common misconception, according to the Energy Department.
The meat industry generates about one-fifth of the world's man-made greenhouse gas emissions, according to estimates from the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization. So if your family skipped eating steak once a week, it would be the equivalent of taking your car off the road for nearly three months, according to the Earth Day Network. And you'd save money. For example, a sirloin steak costs twice as much per pound as chicken breasts and nearly five times as much as beans, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
You can save $70 a year on your energy bill by replacing the light bulbs in five of your most frequently used fixtures with Energy Star qualified LED or CFL bulbs, according to the EPA. These bulbs use 75 percnet less energy than traditional incandescent bulbs and last ten to 25 times longer.
You can save money on your water bill by installing water-efficient faucets, showerheads and toilets. Look for products with the WaterSense label, which means they are certified to be at least 20 percent more efficient without sacrificing performance. For example, WaterSense-labeled toilets can save a family of four more than $90 annually on their water bill and $2,000 over the toilet's lifetime, according to the EPA. Considering you can get a toilet with the WaterSense label for as little as $98, it will pay for itself in about a year. Estimate your savings with this simple calculator.
Americans discard more than 2 million tons of obsolete electronic products annually, according to the EPA. Rather than fill the dump with your unwanted gadgets, fill your wallet by selling them. Sites such as BuyMyTronics.comGazelleNextWorth and uSell pay cash -- and cover the cost of shipping -- for electronics such as smartphones, tablets, computers and more. The type of electronics you can sell varies by site, as does the amount you can receive. If none of the sites will accept your unwanted electronics, see the EPA's eCycling list for responsible electronics recyclers.
Americans spend $5.25 billion on fertilizers for their lawns, according to the EPA. Yet, you can get fertilizer for free by composting leaves, grass clippings, vegetable scraps and other organic waste. Plus, composting can divert as much as 30 percent of household waste from the garbage can, according to Eartheasy's guide to composting.
You may be able to cut your water costs a little by installing rain barrels at downspouts to collect water. You can attach a hose to the barrels to water your lawn and garden. The cost can be free (from some water departments), cheap (a recycled large plastic trash can or metal drum) or expensive (about $100 for a 50-gallon barrel at home and garden centers and online.
You're doing your health a favor by drinking water rather than soda. But if you're buying bottled water, you're not doing your wallet or the environment a favor. According to the International Bottle Water Association, Americans spent $11.8 billion on bottled water in 2012. Considering that the average cost per bottle is $1.45 and the average consumer buys 167 bottles a year, you'll spend more than $240 a year on bottled water at that rate. For the cost of just a few disposable bottles of water you can buy a reusable bottle that you can fill and carry with you wherever you go.
Clothes dryers can be one of the most expensive home appliances to operate, accounting for approximately 6 percent of a home's total electricity usage, according to the California Energy Commission's Consumer Energy Center. Because all dryers use about the same amount of energy, the best way to save money -- and benefit the environment -- is to line-dry your clothes whenever you can.
Energy vampires –- electronics that draw power even when they're not in use –- cost Americans almost $10 billion a year and account for almost 11 percent of all U.S. energy use, according to the EPA. If you want to avoid unplugging all of your electronics when they're not in use, you can buy an inexpensive power strip that several things can be plugged into and turned off with the flip of a switch. The Smart Strip Power Strip ($25 and up) will automatically shut off computer peripherals, such as printers and scanners, when not in use. And the Belkin Conserve Smart AV ($29.99) automatically shuts off components, such as a gaming console, receiver and speakers, when you turn off your TV.
of
SEE ALL
BACK TO SLIDE
SHOW CAPTION +
HIDE CAPTION
Read Full Story

People are Reading