Piece needed to fix a defective ignition switch linked to 13 deaths would have cost just 57 cents

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Piece needed to fix a defective ignition switch linked to 13 deaths would have cost just 57 cents
General Motors CEO Mary Barra arrives on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, April 1, 2014, to testify before the House Energy and Commerce subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation. The committee is looking for answers from Barra about safety defects and mishandled recall of 2.6 million small cars with a faulty ignition switch that's been linked to 13 deaths and dozen of crashes. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
General Motors CEO Mary Barra is sworn in before the House Energy and Commerce Committee for a hearing on the GM ignition switch recall on Capitol Hill in Washington, DC, April 1, 2014. Relatives of car crash victims and lawmakers demanded accountability from embattled US automaker GM Tuesday as its CEO faced Congress, amid claims that a $2 fix could have saved lives. AFP PHOTO / Jim WATSON (Photo credit should read JIM WATSON/AFP/Getty Images)
UNITED STATES - APRIL 01: Mary Barra, CEO of General Motors, testifies before a House Energy and Commerce Committee hearing in Rayburn Building titled 'The GM Ignition Switch Recall: Why Did It Take So Long?' Thirteen people died before 2.6 million vehicles were recalled due to a faulty ignition switch. (Photo By Tom Williams/CQ Roll Call)
General Motors CEO Mary Barra testifies on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, April 1, 2014, before the House Energy and Commerce subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation. The committee is looking for answers from Barra about safety defects and mishandled recall of 2.6 million small cars with a faulty ignition switch that's been linked to 13 deaths and dozen of crashes. (AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
Photographs are placed along the railings on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, April 1, 2014, before the arrival of General Motors CEO Mary Barra, who will testify before the House Energy and Commerce subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation. The committee is looking for answers from Barra about safety defects and mishandled recall of 2.6 million small cars with a faulty ignition switch that's been linked to 13 deaths and dozen of crashes.(AP Photo/Evan Vucci)
Family members whose loved ones died behind the wheel of defective General Motors vehicles listen to testimony of General Motors CEO Mary Barra on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, April 1, 2014, before the House Energy and Commerce subcommittee on Oversight and Investigation. The committee is looking for answers from Barra about safety defects and mishandled recall of 2.6 million small cars with a faulty ignition switch that's been linked to 13 deaths and dozen of crashes. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
Cherie Sharkey, left, weeps for her son Michael Sharkey who died in his used 2006 Chevy Cobalt in Dresden, NY, as she walks with Laura Christian, of Harwood, Md., birth mother of Amber Marie Rose, the first reported victim of the General Motors safety defect, on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, April 1, 2014, to represent their children at a news conference. The House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations will look for answers today from GM CEO Mary Barra about a faulty ignition switch and mishandled recall of 2.6 million cars that?s been linked to 13 deaths and dozens of crashes. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
From left, Kim Langley, mother of Richard Scott Bailey, a U.S. Marine who died driving a 2007 Chevy Cobalt; Laura Christian, of Harwood, Md., birth mother of Amber Marie Rose, the first reported victim of the GM safety defect; Randal Rademaker, father of Amy Rademaker of St. Croix County, Wis., who died when her Chevy Cobalt crashed and her air bags did not deploy; and Mary Ruddy of Carbondale, Pa., whose daughter Kelly, 21, was killed in 2010 while driving a 2005 Cobalt, gather on Capitol Hill in Washington, Tuesday, April 1, 2014,for a news conference. The House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations will look for answers today from GM CEO Mary Barra about a faulty ignition switch and mishandled recall of 2.6 million cars that?s been linked to 13 deaths and dozens of crashes. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)
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WASHINGTON (AP) -- The fix for a faulty ignition switch linked to 13 traffic deaths would have cost just 57 cents, members of Congress said Tuesday as they demanded answers from General Motors' new CEO on why the automaker took 10 years to recall cars with the defect.

At a hearing on Capitol Hill before a House subcommittee, GM's Mary Barra acknowledged under often testy questioning that the company took too long to act. She promised changes at GM that would prevent such a lapse from happening again.

"If there's a safety issue, we're going to make the right change and accept that," said Barra, who became CEO in January and almost immediately found herself thrust into one of the biggest product safety crises Detroit has ever seen.

But as relatives of the crash victims looked on intently, she admitted that she didn't know why it took years for the safety defect to be announced. And she deflected many questions about what went wrong, saying an internal investigation is under way.

Since February, GM has recalled 2.6 million cars - mostly Chevrolet Cobalts and Saturn Ions - over the faulty switch, which can cause the engine to cut off and the vehicle to lose power steering and power brakes. The automaker said new switches should be available starting April 7.

Barra was firm but calm and polite throughout the proceedings. But she struggled at times to answer lawmakers' pointed questions, particularly about why GM used the switch when it knew the part didn't meet its own specifications.

When she tried to draw a distinction between parts that didn't meet specifications and those that were defective and dangerous, Rep. Joe Barton, R-Texas, shot back: "What you just answered is gobbledygook."

She also announced that GM has hired Kenneth Feinberg - who handled the fund for the victims of 9/11, the Boston Marathon bombing and the BP oil spill - to explore ways to compensate victims of accidents in the GM cars. Barra stopped short of saying GM would establish such a fund.

Some of the questioners appeared surprised that Barra hadn't reviewed the tens of thousands of pages of documents that GM had submitted to the committee, and that she was unaware of some decision-making processes at the company.

Rep. Diana DeGette, D-Colo., held up a switch for one of the cars and said a small spring inside it failed to provide enough force, causing car engines to turn off when they went over a bump.

DeGette showed how easy it was for a light set of keys to move the ignition out of the "run" position. That can cause the engine to stall and the driver to lose power steering and power brakes.

GM has said that in 2005 company engineers proposed solutions to the switch problem but that the automaker concluded that none represented "an acceptable business case."

"Documents provided by GM show that this unacceptable cost increase was only 57 cents," DeGette said.

Rep. Tim Murphy, R-Pa., chairman of the House Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Oversight and Investigations, read from an e-mail exchange between GM employees and those at Delphi, which made the switch. One said that the Cobalt is "blowing up in their face in regards to the car turning off."

Murphy asked why, if the problem was so big, GM didn't replace all of them in cars already on the road.

"Clearly there were a lot of things happening" at that time, Barra said.

In his prepared remarks, David Friedman, head of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, pointed the finger at GM, saying the automaker had information last decade that could have led to a recall, but shared it only last month.

Rep. Henry Waxman, D-Calif., said that House Energy and Commerce Committee staff members found 133 warranty claims filed with GM over 10 years detailing customer complaints of sudden engine stalling when they drove over a bump or brushed keys with their knees.

The claims were filed between June 2003 and June 2012.

Waxman said that because GM didn't undertake a simple fix when it learned of the problem, "at least a dozen people have died in defective GM vehicles."

Some current GM car owners and relatives of those who died in crashes were also in Washington seeking answers. The group attended the hearing after holding a news conference demanding action against GM and stiffer legislation.

Owners can ask dealers for a loaner car while waiting for the replacement part. Barra said GM has provided more than 13,000 loaner vehicles.

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Durbin reported from Detroit. Associated Press writer Marcy Gordon in Washington contributed to this report.

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