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Street fighting as India heads for April-May election

(Reuters) - Street clashes erupted in India after an announcement on Wednesday that parliamentary elections will start on April 7 in a race that pits Hindu nationalist Narendra Modi against the unpopular Nehru-Gandhi family's ruling party.

Chief Election Commissioner V.S. Sampath said 814 million people had registered to vote, a number exceeding the population of Europe and a world record. Results are due on May 16.

In Delhi and a regional city, supporters of a young anti-corruption party battled members of Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). The clashes with stones and clubs bloodied several people on both sides. Police used water cannons on protesters.

The violence broke out after police detained the leader of the anti-corruption Aam Aadmi (Common Man) Party (AAP) during a campaign in Modi's state of Gujarat. Small groups of supporters gathered outside BJP offices to protest his detention.

"We came in a peaceful manner, we stood outside, they shut the gates. We shouted slogans: 'Have shame Narendra Modi'," said AAP activist Shazia Ilmi. "They started throwing stones from inside." The BJP blamed the AAP protesters for the fighting.

The election campaign coincides with growing anger among urban Indians over corruption, as well as a sense that the center-left government led by the Congress party has frittered away opportunities for rapid growth.

Modi has emerged in opinion polls as the favorite to head the next government, buoyed by his strong economic track record as chief minister of Gujarat, a west coast state.

"I think everyone is looking for strong leadership. This places Modi at an advantage. He's showing that he's a strong leader," said Mohan Guruswamy of the Centre for Policy Alternatives, a Delhi-based think-tank.


Born of a street movement against graft scandals related to the sale of natural resources over the last decade, the AAP has also gained ground, alleging corruption in both main parties.

It may not win many seats, but is setting the election agenda by harping on high utility prices and crony capitalism.

Exuding self-confidence, Modi has won the support of many middle-class Indians who even a year ago would not have voted for a man accused by critics of failing to stop, or even tacitly encouraging, a spasm of Hindu-Muslim bloodshed in Gujarat in 2002. Modi has denied any wrongdoing and the Supreme Court has said there is not enough evidence to pursue investigations.

However, India's fragmented political landscape and first-past-the-post system in parliamentary polls makes results hard to predict, meaning a BJP victory is by no means assured.

Voting will be held in nine stages staggered between April 7 and May 12 to help security forces keep control. Violence, ballot-rigging and vote-buying have often marred past elections.

"Credible elections conducted at regular, prescribed intervals are the very soul, or hallmark, of any democratic system," election commissioner Sampath said, voicing concern at over-spending by candidates and parties.

The introduction of electronic voting and phased elections over the past decade have greatly decreased fraud on polling days, and India's elections are deemed largely free and fair.


Since the last national election in 2009, about 100 million voters have joined the electoral rolls, in part reflecting India's growing population, half of which is aged under 25.

Many of the record number of first-time voters appear open to Modi's promises of job creation and efficient government.

"There was so much corruption with Congress, scam after scam," said Ravinder, a 19-year-old business administration student at a Modi rally in Uttar Pradesh state on Sunday.

"Now we see hope. There is someone talking about development, and he seems sincere."

Polls show the BJP well short of a majority of the 543 lower house seats at stake, but widening its lead over Congress, which has ruled India for more than two-thirds of the 67 years since independence, but which may now face its worst electoral defeat.

A multi-headed group of regional parties is also eyeing power, reflecting the growing clout of state-based leaders.

A "third-front" government made up of such diverse groups could prove unwieldy when it comes to running Asia's third-largest economy, whose growth has faltered due to the slow pace of reform on the Congress party's watch.

Leading the Congress party's campaign is Rahul Gandhi, scion of a dynasty that has given India three prime ministers and its most powerful contemporary politician, his mother, Sonia Gandhi.

But after two consecutive Congress-led governments headed by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, India seems unlikely to make another Gandhi prime minister.

Economic growth is set to stay below five percent for the second year running, which would be the worst performance since the 1980s for a country that a few years ago was confident of matching China's run of double-digit expansion.

Modi has the backing of big business, which wants him to replicate his Gujarat state model of good roads, uninterrupted electricity and less red tape. Last week, he promised simpler laws and a trade-centered foreign policy, if elected.

As the election approaches, overseas investors have extended a buying streak of Indian shares, with purchases totaling $800 million in a run of 13 sessions until Tuesday.

But businesses have put investment plans on hold, worsening a slowdown that could, however, be reversed after the polls.

"Irrespective of who wins, pent-up demand is set to be released after the elections are over," HSBC said in a research note. "Companies that have shelved expansion plans will at some point start investing and hiring."

(Additional reporting by Sruthi Gottipati and Malini Menon in New Delhi and Abhishek Vishnoi in Mumbai; Editing by John Chalmers, Raju Gopalakrishnan and Alistair Lyon)

Join the discussion

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Viper1ex19 March 05 2014 at 6:37 PM

Global Violent Protesting-

Its seems as if the people who vote for the fools in charge would learn from their mistakes.

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1 reply
papajokr Viper1ex19 March 05 2014 at 7:19 PM

The left learn from their mistakes? They still don't realize that obama was a huge mistake. Admit it? Not even when they are in chains in a FEMA camp.

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silverfoxwale March 05 2014 at 6:57 PM

Always puzzled by many countries' and cultures' forms of freedom of expression. Not my style of democracy but, certainly the recipient in the photo does register the the "speaker's concern"

. Which is more than many of those meant to be recipients of that expression chose to, or do hear "hear" in the US

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1 reply
gserlin silverfoxwale March 05 2014 at 8:06 PM


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zzyxx March 05 2014 at 6:46 PM

this will be america soon.

Flag Reply +4 rate up
1 reply
jackandmichaeljack zzyxx March 05 2014 at 7:04 PM

Hope so . We sit on our ass and just accept what the heck government does .

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plgc1964 March 05 2014 at 6:48 PM

India was much better off as a British colony. There was industry, employment, laws, and money everywhere. Now, they are just 17th century animals!

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1 reply
Manas plgc1964 March 05 2014 at 10:48 PM

This is what I worry about us Americans; we are regressing every day into uneducated idiots. India along with China used to account for nearly 60% of the Global GDP before the British colonized India. When the British left they had reduced India to one of the poorest countries in the world. The British did not leave on their own accord - they left under pressure from (among other countries) USA

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spokajo March 05 2014 at 10:28 PM

Next thing you know we'll be giving them a few billion $$$ and hope they calm down.

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1 reply
ruby7771 spokajo March 06 2014 at 11:18 PM

Check your facts - INDIA is self sufficient, u might think u support the world BUT u don't.

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mhfarm March 05 2014 at 8:45 PM

Most Hindus don't kill animals therefore they also should not kill the most populous democracy.

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John March 05 2014 at 6:58 PM

India .. < one word that describes a volume of problems. Yet we open our doors in America and welcome these types?

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1 reply
Nilam John March 05 2014 at 7:55 PM

What types is these types? Most Indian Americans are Doctors, Engineers and Business people. So what types are you talking about? Non-white?

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Anne March 05 2014 at 9:57 PM

Oh no. I hope they don't try to overthrow their government thinking we're going to help them too. All of those countries are just using us to help them overthrow their governments; and we fall for it everytime. When we help the new Regime get in, they're worst than the old one.

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1 reply
ruby7771 Anne March 06 2014 at 11:14 PM

Honey get your facts straight, it's US that's always trying to get in India BUT it's INDIA who does NOT allow outsiders in its business(ever). India has NEVER asked for any $ from US or ever will. I think US has enough welfare recipients to feed under its current government.

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bwess8 March 05 2014 at 9:57 PM

India is having a baby boom due to U.S jobs
being sent there . They work for slave wages
and there political leaders are taking big company
pay-offs . The U.S imports labor from there because
it cost to much to learn high ranking jobs in the U.S .
The American worker in being replaced by N.F.T.A

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talari March 05 2014 at 10:00 PM

aII peopIe are intoIerant.

Flag Reply 0 rate up
1 reply
spokajo talari March 05 2014 at 11:46 PM

I find that statement 'intolerable'. Relax, just a little fun.

Flag Reply 0 rate up
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