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Venezuelan violence has roots in obscure incident



SAN CRISTOBAL, Venezuela (AP) - Major Venezuelan cities have been roiled by violent protests in recent days but the unrest actually began far from the capital with a little-known incident on a college campus in a city that now seems under siege.

Just over a week before the coordinated Feb. 12 opposition rallies across the country, students at the University of the Andes in San Cristobal were protesting an attempted rape of a young woman on campus.

The students were outraged at the brazen assault on their campus, which underscored long-standing complaints about deteriorating security under President Nicolas Maduro and his predecessor, the late Hugo Chavez.

But what really set them off was the harsh police response to their initial protest, in which several students were detained and allegedly abused, as well as follow-up demonstrations to call for their release, according to students and people who live in San Cristobal, a city on Venezuela's remote Andean border.

"It was shocking not just to students but to all of San Cristobal," said Gaby Arellano, a 27-year-old student leader who has been involved in the national opposition campaign. "It was the straw that broke the camel's back."

The protests expanded and grew more intense, drawing in more non-students angry about the dismal economy and crime in general, which led to more people being detained. Students at other universities decided to march in Caracas, which grew into a nationwide campaign when the prominent opposition leaders decided to get involved.

The main rally on Feb. 12 in the capital turned violent, resulting in three deaths from gunshots and then the jailing of opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez. Now, protests that continued throughout the country Friday, and are particularly fierce in San Cristobal, rarely, if ever, mention the attempted rape.

"I'm protesting because of the insecurity, for the scarcity and the abuse of power that we have been experiencing," said Maria Garcia, a 30-year-old mother in the Los Agustinos neighborhood of San Cristobal, where patrolling soldiers have strung coils to control protesters who lob rocks and Molotov cocktails. "I'm tired of waiting five or six hours in line for a kilo of flour."

Today, as the anti-government movement has snowballed into a political crisis, the likes of which Venezuela's socialist leadership hasn't seen since a 2002 coup attempt, San Cristobal remains a hotbed of unrest. Protest rallies are expected throughout the country on Saturday.

The government on Thursday said it would send paratroopers to aid hundreds of soldiers already in place to restore order and the president has said he would consider imposing martial law in the area.

Maduro, it should be noted, has a very different version of events in San Cristobal, which is in the western state of Tachira that borders on Colombia.

Maduro says the city is under siege by right-wing paramilitaries under orders from former Colombian President Alvaro Uribe, who dismisses the allegation as an attempt by the Venezuelan leader to distract people from an economy beset by shortages of basic goods and inflation of more than 56 percent.

Maduro said Friday that San Cristobal Mayor Daniel Ceballos, a member of the same party as Lopez, would soon join the jailed opposition leader behind bars for fomenting violence. "It's a matter of time until we have him in the same cold cell," Maduro said.

Residents on Friday tried to resume their normal activities as the smell of burnt trash still lingered. Public transportation has yet to be restored, many stoplights are out and students are gearing up for what they promise will be an extended fight. As warplanes buzz the sky, there is also widespread resentment of the heavy troop presence.

"Why is the president sending these troops here? As far as I know, the military is supposed to protect Venezuelans, not attack them," said Jose Hernandez, a 31-year-old construction worker.

San Cristobal, a rural city 400 miles (660 kilometers) from Caracas, would seem an unlikely place to be at the center of a national crisis. But with its disproportionately large student population and longstanding cultural and economic ties with its more conservative neighbor, it has long been an opposition stronghold.

The state of Tachira, of which San Cristobal is the largest city and capital, was only one of two where opposition candidate Henrique Capriles defeated Hugo Chavez in 2012 presidential elections. Last April, residents of San Cristobal voted nearly 3 to 1 in favor of Capriles in the race against Maduro to elect Chavez's successor.

Its independent streak may have to do with its isolation, said Arellano, who grew up in Tachira.

"I think people in Tachira have always stood against abuses and being trampled," she said.

Join the discussion

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tony941 February 22 2014 at 10:28 AM

At this rate, the same scenario will take place within our borders. We are whittling away are freedoms for government promised security. Soon to have neither. And the only thing we will have voted for ourselves, is tyranny.

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1 reply
rowbear13 tony941 February 22 2014 at 10:45 AM

You have the freedom to print your trash and tell your lies. If you lived there you would be arested if they heard what you just wrote.

Flag Reply +1 rate up
3 replies
acmeme February 22 2014 at 2:18 PM

I hope honesty wins out.

Flag Reply +1 rate up
tmoschetti February 22 2014 at 1:56 PM

"What started the violence in Venezuela?"

Simple, a continuation of the Marxist policies of Hugo Chavez-Obama. This, like the fire ants, will be invading our country soon.

Flag Reply +4 rate up
ANTOINE February 22 2014 at 12:58 PM

WELL........IT IS TIME TO TAKE SIDE IN VENEZUELA. WITH THE COMMUNIST OR......"IN CONTRA" COMMUNIST. CLANDESTIE MOVEMENT IN THE CITY AND GUERILLA WARFARE IN THE BORDER OF COLOMBIA AGAINST MADURO AND HIS "COMPINCHES". WORKED IN NICARaGUA, WHY BOT IN VENEZUELA?

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sidelacus February 22 2014 at 9:51 AM

The real reason ofthe uprising is that people feel feed-up of this downgrading life style, lack of security, having to withstand outrageous lines to buy food, the empty shelves in supermarkets and pharmacies, and the rising prices of everything, from food, medicines and all sort of goods having to be imported because national industry has been dismantled.

Flag Reply +4 rate up
Gilberto Velasco February 22 2014 at 8:46 AM

Venezuela: The oposition leaders must be all united to take out this regime,otherwise Cuba will take more control of that country. Gilberto.

Flag Reply +11 rate up
Viper1ex19 February 22 2014 at 3:39 PM

Socialism/Communism doesn't work in todays world.
More and More people are "DEMANDING" Liberty and Freedom.
World leaders have to accept this or these violent uprisings will be an everyday occurrence around the globe.

Flag Reply +2 rate up
parroquia1 February 22 2014 at 12:37 PM

The Army is behind the attacks against civilians. Until the major ranks of this institution decide; Maduro will stay. Saddening is the fact that in the struggle for power, Youth, as in all over the world, is being used and killed.

Flag Reply +2 rate up
1 reply
farmacia3j parroquia1 February 22 2014 at 1:14 PM

Ever since Chavez was in power their secret service(president's personal bodyguards) are from Cuba, assigned now to Maduro by the Cuban govt. They turned their country into a Cuban satellite.

Flag Reply +2 rate up
AsianPlanet February 22 2014 at 12:14 PM

Venezuela has seized the assets of virtually all foreign investments, including those of surrounding countries. Its only "friends" are now China, Cuba, Iran and Russia. Those "friends" are helping destroy Venezuela and that appears to be what the Venezuelans want lately.

Flag Reply +3 rate up
AsianPlanet February 22 2014 at 12:10 PM

The really, really massive problem coming to Venezuela is their farmers who are being forced to sell their fruits, vegetables and other food products for less than it costs to grow them. When farmers say "no more" and stop producing food, there WILL be a rural revolution that no government can control.

Flag Reply +7 rate up
1 reply
farmacia3j AsianPlanet February 22 2014 at 1:16 PM

They do that on purpose, as long as the general population is thinking about how they're going to feed themselves, and family, no body is concerned about who is the governor, president, ,etc.

Flag Reply +1 rate up
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