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Venezuelan violence has roots in obscure incident



SAN CRISTOBAL, Venezuela (AP) - Major Venezuelan cities have been roiled by violent protests in recent days but the unrest actually began far from the capital with a little-known incident on a college campus in a city that now seems under siege.

Just over a week before the coordinated Feb. 12 opposition rallies across the country, students at the University of the Andes in San Cristobal were protesting an attempted rape of a young woman on campus.

The students were outraged at the brazen assault on their campus, which underscored long-standing complaints about deteriorating security under President Nicolas Maduro and his predecessor, the late Hugo Chavez.

But what really set them off was the harsh police response to their initial protest, in which several students were detained and allegedly abused, as well as follow-up demonstrations to call for their release, according to students and people who live in San Cristobal, a city on Venezuela's remote Andean border.

"It was shocking not just to students but to all of San Cristobal," said Gaby Arellano, a 27-year-old student leader who has been involved in the national opposition campaign. "It was the straw that broke the camel's back."

The protests expanded and grew more intense, drawing in more non-students angry about the dismal economy and crime in general, which led to more people being detained. Students at other universities decided to march in Caracas, which grew into a nationwide campaign when the prominent opposition leaders decided to get involved.

The main rally on Feb. 12 in the capital turned violent, resulting in three deaths from gunshots and then the jailing of opposition leader Leopoldo Lopez. Now, protests that continued throughout the country Friday, and are particularly fierce in San Cristobal, rarely, if ever, mention the attempted rape.

"I'm protesting because of the insecurity, for the scarcity and the abuse of power that we have been experiencing," said Maria Garcia, a 30-year-old mother in the Los Agustinos neighborhood of San Cristobal, where patrolling soldiers have strung coils to control protesters who lob rocks and Molotov cocktails. "I'm tired of waiting five or six hours in line for a kilo of flour."

Today, as the anti-government movement has snowballed into a political crisis, the likes of which Venezuela's socialist leadership hasn't seen since a 2002 coup attempt, San Cristobal remains a hotbed of unrest. Protest rallies are expected throughout the country on Saturday.

The government on Thursday said it would send paratroopers to aid hundreds of soldiers already in place to restore order and the president has said he would consider imposing martial law in the area.

Maduro, it should be noted, has a very different version of events in San Cristobal, which is in the western state of Tachira that borders on Colombia.

Maduro says the city is under siege by right-wing paramilitaries under orders from former Colombian President Alvaro Uribe, who dismisses the allegation as an attempt by the Venezuelan leader to distract people from an economy beset by shortages of basic goods and inflation of more than 56 percent.

Maduro said Friday that San Cristobal Mayor Daniel Ceballos, a member of the same party as Lopez, would soon join the jailed opposition leader behind bars for fomenting violence. "It's a matter of time until we have him in the same cold cell," Maduro said.

Residents on Friday tried to resume their normal activities as the smell of burnt trash still lingered. Public transportation has yet to be restored, many stoplights are out and students are gearing up for what they promise will be an extended fight. As warplanes buzz the sky, there is also widespread resentment of the heavy troop presence.

"Why is the president sending these troops here? As far as I know, the military is supposed to protect Venezuelans, not attack them," said Jose Hernandez, a 31-year-old construction worker.

San Cristobal, a rural city 400 miles (660 kilometers) from Caracas, would seem an unlikely place to be at the center of a national crisis. But with its disproportionately large student population and longstanding cultural and economic ties with its more conservative neighbor, it has long been an opposition stronghold.

The state of Tachira, of which San Cristobal is the largest city and capital, was only one of two where opposition candidate Henrique Capriles defeated Hugo Chavez in 2012 presidential elections. Last April, residents of San Cristobal voted nearly 3 to 1 in favor of Capriles in the race against Maduro to elect Chavez's successor.

Its independent streak may have to do with its isolation, said Arellano, who grew up in Tachira.

"I think people in Tachira have always stood against abuses and being trampled," she said.

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Perry February 23 2014 at 7:54 AM

Is this not the "nirvana" country that liberals loved to point to as "progressive socialism". Newsflash libs, this is how it always turns out when you try to control every aspect of the economy, health, housing, jobs and the lives of the citizens. Disaster.

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dademo53 February 22 2014 at 8:58 PM

Beautiful pictures, the arms force likes angels. Where are the pictures where they are shouting strait to the head to the students?

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fishhead80 February 22 2014 at 6:14 PM

Obama and Kankles told them, "Just tell everybody that it all started over a video" You'll get away with it.

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crarob February 22 2014 at 5:01 PM

Welcome to the new People's Republic of Cuba, southern adjunct.

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flyingfortresb17 February 22 2014 at 4:37 PM

It is not the Colombian army or insurgents causing problems but the thick headed Maduro Cuban soldiers wearing Venezuelan Uniforms. Men still have it in their heads that women are there for their pleasure and they have no right to protest being raped specifically by Venezuelan Military and Secret Police agents. Maduro does not want to lose his power. This will get worse before getting better. Communism enforced by the rules of Che Guevara tactics. "Kill those who oppose you or put them into jail and starve them to death.

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JMELECTRIC February 22 2014 at 4:07 PM

Maduro th president of venezuela is brother of Adolpho Hilter is the second facista in this world

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crarob February 22 2014 at 5:03 PM

Actually, he is one of Castro's boys. At least get your murderous dictators correct. These are commies, which is just the flip side of fascists.

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dademo53 February 22 2014 at 3:45 PM

What the article is not saying, is that in Venezuela are 36 thousand Cubans in the Venezuelan armed forces, identified by the venezuela's citizen since the early years of Hugo Chaves and the international community has ignored it, this is the result.

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Viper1ex19 February 22 2014 at 3:39 PM

Socialism/Communism doesn't work in todays world.
More and More people are "DEMANDING" Liberty and Freedom.
World leaders have to accept this or these violent uprisings will be an everyday occurrence around the globe.

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RKL860@aol.com February 22 2014 at 3:37 PM

Its about time Freedom !

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Jose Cavazos February 22 2014 at 2:42 PM

This has been the most corrupt Political Party in the history of politics in Venezuela.
It's time for the current government to step down, to stop being corrupt, to stop violating peoples rights, etc.
Realy sad to see one the the most richest countries in South America, going bad because of Cuban influence.
US Goverment should stop buying oil from Venezuela, so no dollars would be available, this would put much more pressure to the current Venezuelan government.

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farmacia3j February 22 2014 at 3:06 PM

Communism is like the HIV virus, the best way to deal with it is, don't let it in. A lot of the writers, actors,musicians,etc throughout the continent are always wearing Che t-shirts, and praising Fidel Castro now when Che becomes your govt. is very different.

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