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US judge strikes down Okla. same-sex marriage ban

Oklahoma Gay Marriage Ban Ruled Unconstitutional By Judge

TULSA, Okla. (AP) - A federal judge struck down Oklahoma's gay marriage ban Tuesday, but headed off any rush to the altar by setting aside his order while state and local officials complete an appeal.

It was the second time in a month that a federal judge has set aside a deeply conservative state's limits on same-sex marriage, after Utah's ban was reversed in December.

In his ruling, U.S. District Judge Terence Kern described Oklahoma's ban on same-sex marriage as "an arbitrary, irrational exclusion of just one class of Oklahoma citizens from a governmental benefit."

The decision drew criticism from the governor, attorney general and other elected officials in this state known as the buckle of the Bible Belt. A state lawmaker who once said gay people posed a greater threat to the nation than terrorism blasted rulings from "activist judges."

Kern said the ban violates the U.S. Constitution's equal protection clause because it precludes same-sex couples from receiving an Oklahoma marriage license. In his 68-page ruling, Kern frequently referenced U.S. Supreme Court decisions issued last summer on gay marriage. He also took a shot at Oklahoma's high divorce rate, noting that "excluding same-sex couples from marriage has done little to keep Oklahoma families together thus far."

"Exclusion of just one class of citizens from receiving a marriage license based upon the perceived 'threat' they pose to the marital institution is, at bottom, an arbitrary exclusion based upon the majority's disapproval of the defined class," Kern wrote. "It is also insulting to same-sex couples, who are human beings capable of forming loving, committed, enduring relationships."

Republican Gov. Mary Fallin issued a written statement accusing Kern of undermining the will of Oklahoma voters who passed the gay marriage ban by a 3-1 margin in 2004.

"The people of Oklahoma have spoken on this issue. I support the right of Oklahoma's voters to govern themselves on this and other policy matters. I am disappointed in the judge's ruling and troubled that the will of the people has once again been ignored by the federal government," the statement said.

Attorney General Scott Pruitt said the Supreme Court had left it to the states to define marriage and that Kern's ruling was "troubling." He said it would likely take another Supreme Court decision to resolve the matter.

Not including Utah and Oklahoma, 27 states still have constitutional prohibitions on same-sex marriage. Four more - Indiana, Pennsylvania, West Virginia and Wyoming - do not permit it through state laws.

There are currently 43 same-sex lawsuits in courts, with 27 of those in federal court, said Camilla Taylor, marriage project director at Lambda Legal, a civil rights organization. Oklahoma's ban on same-sex marriage is the third to be struck down by a federal judge, after California and Utah. State courts also ruled in favor of same-sex marriage in New Mexico in December and New Jersey in October.

Taylor said momentum has been increasing as litigators see that gay-rights groups are winning same-sex marriage cases. She said a new same-sex marriage lawsuit is brought almost every week.

For 17 days, Utah was the 18th state to allow gay couples to wed, after a federal judge there overturned the state's same-sex marriage ban. Hundreds of couples got married before the Supreme Court put a halt to the weddings earlier this month by granting the state a stay on a federal judge's ruling that two other courts previously denied.

The fate of gay marriage in Utah now rests in the hands of the 10th Circuit Court of Appeals in Denver - the same circuit as Oklahoma.

In both causes, federal judges said the states' gay marriage laws violated the equal protection clause of the 14th Amendment.

"Equal protection is at the very heart of our legal system and central to our consent to be governed," Kern wrote. "It is not a scarce commodity to be meted out begrudgingly or in short portions. Therefore, the majority view in Oklahoma must give way to individual constitutional rights."

Tulsa couple Mary Bishop and Sharon Baldwin, who work at the Tulsa World newspaper, filed the Oklahoma lawsuit along with another same-sex couple in November 2004, shortly after voters approved the constitutional amendment. Their case was the longest-running challenge to the Defense of Marriage Act, according to the national gay marriage advocacy group Freedom to Marry.

"There's so much emotion, I'm kind of crying right now," Bishop said Tuesday. "It's overwhelming to think that we finally won.

"Sharon and I want to get married here in Oklahoma. We've been together for more than 17 years - it's time. This is something that when I was young, I thought I'd never see in my lifetime."

Tulsa County Court Clerk Sally Howe Smith said there was no way under Oklahoma law for her to give the couple a marriage license. "That's how I became a defendant in the case," she said.

Taylor, with Lambda Legal, said she wasn't sure why the judge's ruling came now, though she noted that he made several references to the Utah case in his ruling.

In 2006, the Tulsa couples' case made its way to the 10th Circuit after the district court denied the governor of Oklahoma and the state attorney general's motion to dismiss the case. The appeals court ruled in 2009 that the couple lacked standing, so the two couples filed an amended complaint removing the governor and attorney general and adding Smith.

"The Bishop couple has been in a loving, committed relationships for many years," Kern wrote. "They own property together, wish to retire together, wish to make medical decisions for one another, and wish to be recognized as a married couple with all its attendant rights and responsibilities."


Associated Press reporters Kristi Eaton, Sean Murphy and Tim Talley contributed from Oklahoma City.

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william January 16 2014 at 12:51 AM

if being gay is a "choice" then please, straight people, tell me when you chose to be straight?

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Michael January 15 2014 at 4:05 PM

I couldn't care less what people do in their homes, but it makes me sick to see two guys or two girls kissing or hanging all over each other in the streets. And having to explain to my children why or that No, the world hasn't completely gone to hell... yet!

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1 reply to Michael's comment
hellsmagnet January 15 2014 at 11:53 PM

it makes me sick to think of your parents having sex the night they conceived you - gross , immoral and disgusting ... i'm sure there's something in the bible about it too . the fact that you somehow produced children is equally disgusting . oh the filthy image in my mind !!!

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dennis January 15 2014 at 2:42 PM

Another activist Judge "Legislating" from the bench as opposed to interpreting the law. Going against public sentiment in an attempt to inflict his personal values on the public despite what the public wants. When the public decides? Then the law can change

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jerrysclassiccar January 15 2014 at 2:32 PM

This is ridiculous! The OK people have spoken and they don't want same sex marriage! The government is shoving it down our throats! What's next, people marrying their frickin pets! This queer crap has gotten way out of hand. It's unnatural and against Gods will.

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1 reply to jerrysclassiccar's comment
quazachazed January 15 2014 at 2:38 PM

People do not want religion shoved down their throats but it is everywhere. A business owner should not be barred from selling alcohol on a Sunday Morning just because religions do not want it to be sold that day. But that happens, where is your outrage there?

Homosexuality is more natural than religion. It just happens. Religion has to be taught. You just do not know all this stuff about this god or that other god until someone tells you more like threatens you with it.
Are you outraged about women wearing makeup or shaving their legs? that is unnatural.

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1 reply to quazachazed's comment
laptop603 January 15 2014 at 2:42 PM

No. It is not natural.

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quazachazed January 15 2014 at 2:20 PM

Marriage should have been abolished when slavery was. At the time it was about the ownership of women and a business contract between the father of the girl and the suitor. It was awful and disgusting and most wives were treated terribly. Is that what you are trying to save when you say you want the sanctity of marriage preserved? You want women to be treated like property, and have no say in anything?

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primm49 January 15 2014 at 2:19 PM

You can bet pedophiles are drooling. No limits!, right?

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1 reply to primm49's comment
quazachazed January 15 2014 at 2:25 PM

That is such a stupid statement. Homosexuals and pedophiles are two different things do not confuse the two. Gay marriage would be between two consenting adults though there are some religions that say that 14 year old girls or 16 year old girls can get married as long as the parents of her consent to it. That is something you should be against.

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shell.holston January 15 2014 at 1:17 PM

Where in the Constitution are Judges given the power to make and pass laws from the "bench?" If the power wasn't given to the "Three arms of the government" in Washington then the authority was given the "states and then the PEOPLE!" Judges/lawyers are not on the same level of intellect as "We The People!" nor are they GOD!

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4 replies to shell.holston's comment
ghhs58 January 15 2014 at 1:13 PM

Sorry Charlie a marriage is not between the same sex. In fact I am not sure what it is remember long before this law there was another LAW.

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J SCALICI, PRES January 15 2014 at 12:59 PM

What a bunch of uptight underendowed disgusting fearful morons. The joke of it is that nothing is going to change their minds but their deaths. Eventually these uptight mental midgets are going to drop dead and along with them this hate. I only hope before they do, they experience total and obvious discrimination and all of the ugly feelings that go along with it. If not, I hope their faith makes them come back into their next life as a Gay, Black, Handicapped, Jewish person. If that doesn't make them feel the burn then I don't know what will.

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beatle792 January 15 2014 at 12:57 PM

equal protection under the law. it's about equality. Even a tea party clown should understand THAT.

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