LANCASTER, Calif. -- When Jerral Hancock came home from the Iraq war missing one arm, with another that barely worked and a paralyzed body that was burned all over, he was a hero to this Mojave Desert town that wears its military pride on its sleeve. Soon he was being called upon to use his one remaining hand to cut ribbons and wave to people during parades. Then, after everyone had gone home, Hancock would too. That's where he would be forgotten by all but his two young children and his parents.
That was until the students in Jamie Goodreau's U.S. history classes learned how Hancock had once gotten stuck in his modest mobile home for half a year -- "like being in prison," he recalls -- when his handicapped-accessible van broke down. Or how the hallways of his tiny house were so narrow he couldn't get his wheelchair through most of them. They would fix that, Goodreau's students decided, by building Hancock a new home from the ground up. One that would be handicapped accessible. It would be their end-of-the-year project to honor veterans, something Goodreau's classes have chosen to do every year for the past 15 years, usually raising $25,000 or $30,000 for veterans charities and a celebratory dinner. (Pictured above, some of Goodreau's students rally around a seated Hancock.)
This time, however, the stakes would be much higher. It's six months later now and the students have closed escrow on a $264,000 property. Blueprints have been drawn up for the new dwelling and the students plan to break ground next month.
"We had no doubt that it could be done," Lancaster High School senior Joseph Mallyon says with a smile as he sits in Goodreau's classroom on a recent afternoon with several of his fellow students. "Now there are some people in the community. You know, the older people, the people who have jobs, who go through life every day and know the harsh reality of things.
"Those people doubt us. But we just accept it and say, 'Watch what we can do.' "
After Goodreau's students shocked Lancaster and neighboring Palmdale by raising $80,000 in four months -- mainly by holding yard sales, pizza nights and peddling things like T-shirts and refrigerator magnets -- the whole community began to get involved. Big box stores are offering discounts on building supplies. A construction contractor has volunteered to pitch in when the building begins. An architectural firm provided the blueprints. The real estate agent waived her commission. The credit union at nearby Edwards Air Force Base is kicking in money from new loans it writes.
Even the inmates at the local prison held a sale of their art work and donated the proceeds.
"It's really just amazing," says J.D. Kennedy, a local field representative for Congressman Howard "Buck" McKeon. An Iraq war veteran himself, Kennedy met Hancock after he learned the former Army specialist had been stuck in his home when the oversized van that accommodates his wheelchair broke down and he couldn't get the 70 miles to the nearest Veterans Affairs hospital to see a dentist to fix his teeth, which were rotting from the effects of the painkillers he must swallow each day.
Kennedy's boss, who chairs the House Armed Services Committee, pressed the VA to reimburse local doctors and dentists who agreed to treat Hancock whether they were paid or not. Then Goodreau, who met Hancock at the annual Pride of the Nation Day, invited him to tell his story to her students. He recounted it again on a recent desert-hot fall afternoon as he sat shirtless in his living room, making no effort to hide the burns that still scar his body. A prosthetic arm sat unused on a counter because, Hancock says with a grin, it's heavy and hard to use -- and it looks even scarier than no arm at all.
Hancock was driving a tank through the streets of Baghdad on May 29, 2007, when the vehicle was hit by an improvised explosive device that blew a hole through its armor and set it ablaze. A chunk of shrapnel lodged in his spine, paralyzing his legs so that he couldn't get out. It happened on his 21st birthday.
"Yeah," says the laconic former soldier who somehow never lost his sense of humor. "That part really sucked." Due to leave the military in a few months, he'd bought a mobile home near his mother's place in Lancaster. It was small but a good first home for a young guy with a wife, two kids and a dog. But he hadn't planned on coming home in a wheelchair.
After his wife left him and his 9-year-old son and 6-year-old daughter, his mother and stepfather became his caretakers. In the Antelope Valley, he quickly became well known. The area, tucked into the farthest northeast corner of Los Angeles County and dotted by Joshua trees and sagebrush, is immensely proud of its ties to the military. The Air Force's B-1B bomber was built here and it was at Edwards Air Force Base that legendary test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first person to fly faster than the speed of sound.
The area, Kennedy says, contains more veterans per capita than any other place in the country.
Thus Hancock was honored often at public events. But after the fist bumps of hello and goodbye (he can't quite use his hand to shake someone else's), people would go their own way. They assumed, some said, that anybody that badly hurt must have a huge support group behind him. Hancock admits he let them think that.
"I don't like to complain," he says quietly, adding the recurring dreams of burning to death in a tank were bad enough without revisiting them while awake. Then Goodreau's students took up his cause. He'd met her at several veterans events and trusted her enough to open up to them.
Since then, he says, the nightmares have pretty much stopped as helping the students with their effort has given him a sense of purpose. He is stunned by the magnitude of their effort. "They gave up their last summer of high school for me," he says in a voice filled with awe.
Actually, they gave up even more. Goodreau's veteran projects normally end with the summer. This year's group, whose members have already collected their A grades, vowed to continue the project they call Operation All The Way Home until Hancock has a new roof over his head, hopefully by next summer.
When asked why she's continuing, Nicole Skinner, 17, who graduated in June and is now a college freshman, laughs. "Just look at him, man. Many people these days are complaining about their lives and you look at him and what he's been through, and he's still smiling and all. He's not complaining," she says, "He's just so motivating."
High School Students' Project: Building Wounded Vet a New Home
Virginia Beach is home to several military bases like the Navy’s NAS Oceana and Training Support Center Hampton Roads, so it should come as no surprise that it is a top metro area for veterans. Virginia Beach has excellent job prospects, with low unemployment rates among veterans. While the average unemployment rate nationwide is 7.5%, Virginia Beach’s unemployment rate among veterans is a mere 5%. This should come as no surprise as 20% of its businesses are veteran-owned.
There are plenty of programs in Virginia Beach tailored for veterans. Tidewater Community College has a Center for Military and Veterans Education with academic programs tailored for military and veterans. Old Dominion University provides distance-learning classes with credits given for military training and experience. Centura College provides special veteran representatives to help veterans with admissions, financial aid and to apply for veteran benefits. With veterans making up 18% of Virginia Beach’s population, there should be no lack of support for veterans.
Riverside has a strong military culture. It's home to the March Joint Air Reserve Base, one of the oldest airfields operated by the military, a leading military college prep school, Riverside Military Academy, and to a VA National Cemetery. Riverside is also one of the most affordable large cities, with the lowest median household spending per month of all the large Californian cities.
San Diego may surprise you by appearing so high on this list, but don’t let its beach culture fool you. San Diego is a military town, with the only major submarine and shipbuilding yards on the West Coast, and hosts the largest naval fleet in the world.
San Diego is currently seeing a growth in its biotech and health care industries, with a fairly high growth in job rates from 2012 to 2013. San Diego also has a large population of vets, with almost 20,000 in the metropolitan area, and almost 14% of San Diego’s businesses are run by vets.
One of the largest Air Force bases, Nellis Air Force Base, is located about 7 miles away from Las Vegas. It’s no wonder Sin City sees so many veterans move there. Las Vegas is very affordable, amongst the top 5 most affordable large cities in America. Additionally, there is a high population of veterans living there -- almost 10% of the population consists of veterans, and nearly 15% of businesses are veteran-owned.
There are many local resources available to veterans, including the Southern Nevada Healthcare System, with a VA Hospital located in North Las Vegas. The University of Nevada, Las Vegas, provides many resources for veterans looking to get an education in their Office of Veteran Services, which is staffed with veterans the GI Bill experience staff. There is also a Student Veterans & Military Family Services Committee dedicated to providing a veteran-friendly campus, including veteran benefits help, a disability resource center, psychological services and community resources. Additionally, the College of Southern Nevada provides a veteran’s educational center to help process veteran benefits and work with the Department of Veterans Affairs.
The Naval Air Station Fort Worth JRB is stationed just 5 miles away from the Fort Worth downtown, and its military presence can be felt throughout the metropolis. Dallas-Fort Worth has a low unemployment rate for veterans at only 6.3% and high job growth. While the veteran population is not has high as some other cities, at only 8%, a significant proportion own businesses, with veterans owning nearly 14% of all businesses in the region. The VA North Texas Health Care System serves Dallas-Fort Worth, and there is a location right in Dallas proper.
Dallas-Fort Worth’s higher education institutions are friendly and flexible towards military veterans. University of Texas Dallas offers academic course credit for military veterans who enroll. The University of Dallas has a Veteran Representative that assists the veteran in obtaining military benefits and financial aid. Columbia College in Fort Worth is especially geared toward veterans, offering transfer credit for CCAF, SMART and other military training as well as providing Veterans Administration approved courses of study.
Jacksonville is defined as a port area, with the Port of Jacksonville, the third largest seaport in Florida, and two Naval bases. With the third largest naval presence in the country, behind Virginia Beach and San Diego, Jacksonville provides a great atmosphere for retiring military personnel.
Fourteen percent of Jacksonville’s population consists of veterans, and they own 17% of all businesses in Jacksonville. Jacksonville University helps veterans reintegrate as a member of the Post 9/11 GI Bill and the Yellow Ribbon Program. Florida State College has a separate financial aid program for veterans.
Richmond is known for its long history in law and finance, as the home of one of the 13 U.S. courts and appeals and of one of the 12 Federal Reserve Banks. However, Richmond is also home to many veterans, who make up 9.4% of the population. Richmond boasts a low unemployment rate, at 7.4% and an even lower unemployment rate amongst veterans at 4.9%. There is economic opportunity available for veterans, who own almost 17% of Richmond’s businesses. With resources like the Hunter Holmes McGuire VA Medical Center near downtown, veterans in Richmond can find all the help they need.
Richmond’s schools provide excellent assistance to veterans. The University of Richmond is part of the Yellow Ribbon Program that provides a maximum of $5,000 each school year that is matched by the Department of Veteran Affairs. J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College guides veteran students through obtaining educational benefits. Virginia Commonwealth University offers a Green Zone Program that helps veterans transition back into student life.
Memphis is in a great centralized location straddling the Midwest and the East Coast. With Fortune 500 companies like FedEx, AutoZone and International Paper settling their headquarters there, it’s easy to see why veterans head to Memphis. Veterans make up almost 10% of the population, but own over 16% of all businesses here. They also boast a lower unemployment rate than the general population. Clearly, Memphis has the environment for veterans to succeed, including a world-class VA Medical Center right in downtown.
The University of Memphis offers a slew of services for its veteran student population, from adult commuter services to child care and psychological counseling. The Southwest Tennessee Community College provies a specialized Veterans Affairs (VA) that provides counseling and outreach to assist veterans in acclimating back to civilian life.
Tucson’s economy is dominated by the Davis-Monthan Air Force Base and For Huachuca, a U.S. Army Intelligence Center, which has led to rise in high-tech industries mainly government contractors. With this sort of economic environment, it’s no wonder Tucson is highly rated as a metropolitan for veterans. It has a fairly low rate of unemployment amongst veterans at only 6.5% and boasts a fairly affordable rate of living. With a whopping 17.2% of all businesses owned by veterans, and a population of nearly 13% veterans, it’s clear that Tucson has amazing resources, including a VA hospital right near downtown.
The University of Arizona, the largest university in the region, really strives to serve this population. The University of Arizona has a Students Vet Center staffed by trained student veterans to help student veterans. Additionally, UA provides a UA Live & Work Connections committed to helping employees that are veterans to provide short-term counseling and transitions back into civilian workforce. Pima Community College provides small perks for its veteran students like separate Veterans Center for veterans to study and relax as well as bookstore vouchers for veterans.
Albuquerque, home to the Kirtland Air Force Base, comes in at fifth on our list due to its great job market. Albuquerque’s unemployment is one of the lowest on our list, at just 7.4%, and it’s even lower for veterans, at 5.2%. While veterans only make up 12.1% of the population, they make up 16.9% of the businesses in Albuquerque. With this great support network, a VA Health Care System centered right in Albuquerque and, of course, great weather, its no wonder veterans flock to Albuquerque to settle after their military career.
The many educational facilities in Albuquerque strive to accommodate this population. The University of New Mexico offers a Veterans Resource Center staffed by veterans to help out veterans thinking of returning or starting school. The Central New Mexico Community College has a Vocation Rehabilitation Program designed specifically for veterans with disabilities to return to the workforce.