The Most (and Least) Charitable States in America

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Mormon church  Mormon Tabernacle and buildings of Salt Lake City
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By BLAKE ELLIS

A recent spate of disasters, including the Oklahoma tornadoes, the Boston bombing and the fertilizer plant explosion in West, Texas, has people across the country reaching for their wallets to help out.

But, if past trends are any indication, residents in some states tend to be a lot more generous than others.

Utah, home to the nation's biggest Mormon population, is also the most charitable state, according to the Chronicle of Philanthropy's most recent report that looks at giving as a percentage of discretionary income.

Mormons are supposed to tithe at least 10 percent of their income to the Church of Latter-Day Saints, and the median donation among Utah households lines up with that requirement -- amounting to $5,255 per household, or 10.6 percent of discretionary income.

That generosity is even more impressive considering the median discretionary income in the state is less than $50,000 -- the fifth lowest in the country.

Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee and South Carolina round out the top five, giving between 7.2 percent and 6.4 percent of annual income.

There's a direct correlation between giving and religion, the Chronicle found, with residents of Southern states donating larger portions of their income than their Northeastern counterparts.

"Giving is very much part of religion," said Daniel Borochoff, president of charity rating service CharityWatch. "The organized efforts by religious groups also motivate and inspire people to give."

The stingiest state in the country is New Hampshire, according to the Chronicle. Even though the median discretionary income in New Hampshire is over $59,000 -- one of the highest in the nation -- households in the state only gave 2.5 percent of annual discretionary income, or $1,500. Residents of Maine, Vermont and Massachusetts all donated less than 3 percent of income, while Rhode Islanders gave 3.1 percent.

Overall, residents of Southern states donated about 5.2 percent of discretionary income to charity, compared to 4 percent in the Northeast. Excluding donations to religious charities, Northeasterners outpace Southerners, giving 1.4% of their income to secular charities like the American Red Cross and AmeriCares, compared with 0.9% from their neighbors to the South.

The Chronicle developed its rankings by analyzing itemized charitable deductions from 2008 IRS data, the most recent available. While many donors don't itemize their taxes, there is no concrete data for unitemized donations. And because those who itemize often do so as a result of high state and local taxes or high mortgage payments and taxes, the Chronicle excluded cost of living and state and local taxes when calculating median discretionary income for each state.

And many other people who give money don't even record their donations.

"A lot of giving is done outside of organized philanthropy -- particularly now with crowdfunding -- and the poorer you are the more people you know who need charity and you give directly," said Borochoff.

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The Most (and Least) Charitable States in America

The number of poor households in the suburbs of Dayton, Ohio increased 109% to 97,581 from 2000 to 2011.

The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

The number of poor households in Dallas increased 111% to 474,023 from 2000 to 2011.

Dallas metro area includes Fort Worth and Arlington. The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

The number of poor households in Charlotte, N.C. increased 113% to 140,760 from 2000 to 2011.

Charlotte metro area also includes Gastonia and Rock Hill. The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

The number of poor households in Detroit, Mich. increased 115% to 453,784 from 2000 to 2011.

Detroit metro area also includes Warren and Livonia. The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

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Minneapolis metro area also includes St. Paul and Bloomington. The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

The number of poor households in Provo, Utah increased 129% to 39,784 from 2000 to 2011.

Provo metro area also includes Orem. The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

Photo: Michael.Jolley, Flickr.com

The number of poor households in Boise City, Idaho increased 130% to 62,459 from 2000 to 2011.

The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

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The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

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The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."

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Photo: heatheronhertravels, Flickr.com

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Atlanta metro area also includes Sandy Springs and Marietta. The increase in poverty was tracked by the Brookings Institute in "Confronting Suburban Poverty in America."
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