JMP Group Reports Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2012 Financial Results

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JMP Group Reports Fourth Quarter and Fiscal Year 2012 Financial Results

SAN FRANCISCO--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- JMP Group Inc. (NYSE: JMP), an investment banking and alternative asset management firm, reported financial results today for the quarter and full fiscal year ended December 31, 2012.

  • Operating net income was $6.0 million, or $0.26 per diluted share, for the quarter, compared to $3.2 million, or $0.15 per share, for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, operating net income was $16.5 million, or $0.72 per share, compared to $17.1 million, or $0.76 per share, for 2011.
  • Excluding the financial impact of gains recognized by JMP Credit Corporation on the sale or payoff of loans initially acquired in April 2009, adjusted operating net income was $0.24 per share for the quarter, an increase of 71.4% from $0.14 per share for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, adjusted operating net income was a record $0.68 per share, an increase of 21.4% from $0.56 per share for 2011. For more information on operating net income and adjusted operating net income, including a reconciliation to net income, please see the section below titled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
  • Net income attributable to JMP Group under generally accepted accounting principles, or GAAP, was $5.5 million, or $0.24 per share, for the quarter, compared to a net loss of $5.9 million, or $0.26 per share, for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, net income was $2.8 million, or $0.12 per share, compared to a net loss of $2.5 million, or $0.11 per share, for 2011.
  • Adjusted net revenues, which exclude certain non-cash items and non-controlling interests, were $33.5 million for the quarter, compared to $25.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, adjusted net revenues were $125.2 million, compared to $135.5 million for 2011. Further excluding net gains on the sale or payoff of acquired loans, adjusted net revenues would have been $31.8 million and $122.6 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012, respectively, and $25.8 million and $122.4 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2011, respectively. For more information on adjusted net revenues, including a reconciliation to net revenues, please see the section below titled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures."
  • Total net revenues on a GAAP basis were $24.7 million and $101.9 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012, respectively, compared to $19.6 million and $111.4 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2011, respectively.
  • In January 2013, the company completed a $46.0 million offering of 8.00% senior notes due 2023, successfully accessing the longer-term debt markets for the first time. The proceeds are intended to be used for general corporate purposes.

"JMP Group posted record adjusted operating EPS—which excludes profits on the sale of acquired loans—of $0.24 for the quarter, up more than 70% from the fourth quarter of 2011, thanks to increased public equity underwriting and private placement fee revenues, good overall performance in our hedge funds and credit strategies, and an adjustment to the compensation ratio applied to net investment income for the period," said Chairman and Chief Executive Officer Joe Jolson. "Despite depressed institutional equity underwriting and trading volumes across Wall Street for much of 2012, JMP delivered its second consecutive year of record earnings, generating $0.68 of adjusted operating EPS, compared to $0.56 for 2011."


Segment Results of Operations

At JMP Securities, adjusted net revenues excluding net investment income grew 56.8% for the fourth quarter and 2.1% for 2012 on a year-over-year basis, driven by a growing share of U.S. equity capital markets fee revenues and higher private placement fee revenues, which were partially offset by a decline in net brokerage commission revenues. JMP Securities' operating margin on adjusted net revenues improved to 9.2% for the year, compared to 4.1% for 2011, as a result of revenue growth combined with continued strict control over operating expenses.

At Harvest Capital Strategies, adjusted net revenues excluding net investment income grew 13.0% for the fourth quarter and fell 3.7% for 2012 on a year-over-year basis, despite a decline in incentive fees generated by the Harvest Small Cap Partners strategy as well as a reduction in other revenues due to the liquidation of a sponsored hedge fund, Expo Health Sciences Master Fund, and the termination of a consulting agreement with New York Mortgage Trust, Inc. in June 2012. The decline in fee revenues was more than offset by a material increase in net investment income driven primarily by an improved return on the capital invested by JMP Group in its hedge funds of 11.9% for 2012, compared to 4.8% for 2011, and a reduced compensation accrual in connection with net investment income.

At the JMP Credit segment, which includes Harvest Capital Credit, adjusted net revenues excluding net gains on the sale or payoff of acquired loans improved by 2.2% for the fourth quarter but declined by 14.4% for 2012 on a year-over-year basis. A decline in CLO management fee revenues resulting from the final liquidation of Rosedale CLO II in July 2012 was partially offset by increasing revenues from Harvest Capital Credit as it deployed its committed capital throughout the year.

A statement of JMP Group's operating net income and adjusted operating net income by segment for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012 and for comparable prior periods is set forth below.

 
 Quarter Ended Dec. 31, Year Ended Dec. 31,
($ as shown)2012 20112012 2011
 
JMP Securities$0.04($0.05)$0.17$0.08
Harvest Capital Strategies0.060.040.160.11
JMP Credit0.190.170.600.59
Corporate(0.05)(0.02)(0.25)(0.22)
Adjusted operating EPS0.240.140.680.56
Acquired loan sale gains0.02 - 0.04 0.20 
Operating EPS$0.26 $0.14 $0.72 $0.76 
 

For more information on segment reporting; adjusted net revenues, including a reconciliation to net revenues; and operating net income and adjusted operating net income, including a reconciliation to net income, please see the section below titled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

Composition of Revenues

Investment Banking

Investment banking revenues were $13.0 million for the quarter, an increase of 124.4% from $5.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, investment banking revenues were $51.0 million, an increase of 10.6% from $46.1 million for 2011.

A statement of the company's investment banking revenues and transaction counts for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012 and for comparable prior periods is set forth below.

 
 Quarter Ended Year Ended
Dec. 31, 2012 Sept. 30, 2012 Dec. 31, 2011Dec. 31, 2012 Dec. 31, 2011
($ in thousands)Count RevenuesCount RevenuesCount RevenuesCount RevenuesCount Revenues
 
Public equity15$3,90528$9,2973$86282$28,95556$26,546

Debt and convertible securities

57183293-19183,11176,285

Private capital markets and other

45,7892989--1110,02553,729
Strategic advisory32,56031,63984,901128,891189,554
 
Total27$12,97236$12,21811$5,782123$50,98286$46,114
 

Brokerage

Net brokerage revenues were $5.6 million for the quarter, a decrease of 7.6% from $6.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2011, yet ranking as the strongest quarter of 2012. For the year, net brokerage revenues totaled $21.9 million, a decrease of 14.0% from $25.5 million for 2011.

Asset Management

Asset management fees and other related revenues were $6.4 million for the quarter, a decrease of 6.4% from $6.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, asset management fees and other related revenues were $21.9 million, a decrease of 12.1% from $24.9 million for 2011. For more information on asset management-related fee revenues, please see the section below titled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

Client assets under management at December 31, 2012 totaled $1.2 billion, including $742.2 million of funds managed by Harvest Capital Strategies and $471.9 million par value of loans and cash underlying the collateralized loan obligation managed by JMP Credit Advisors. Client assets under management were also $1.2 billion at both September 30, 2012 and December 31, 2011. Including sponsored funds, client assets under management totaled $1.9 billion at December 31, 2012, compared to $1.7 billion at September 30, 2012 and $2.2 billion at December 31, 2011.

At December 31, 2012, private capital, including corporate credit, small business lending, REIT advisory services and venture capital, represented 66.3% of client assets under management including sponsored funds.

Principal Transactions

Principal transactions generated a net realized and unrealized loss of $1.0 million for the quarter, compared to a net realized and unrealized gain of $1.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, principal transactions generated a net realized and unrealized gain of $11.3 million, compared to $1.6 million for 2011.

A statement of the company's principal transaction revenues for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012 and for comparable prior periods is set forth below.

 
 Quarter Ended Year Ended
(in thousands)Dec. 31, 2012 Sept. 30, 2012 

Dec. 31, 2011

Dec. 31, 2012 Dec. 31, 2011
 
Hedge fund investments$821 $1,580 $1,244 $4,897 $1,765 
 
Principal investments:
Investment in New York Mortgage Trust--344(209)359
Other principal investments17 38 (39)846 (389)
Total principal investments17 38 305 637 (30)
 
Venture investments:
Investment in Harvest Growth Capital funds(164)(131)(53)230(102)
Other venture investments and warrants1,140 (421)(89)1,501 (113)
Total venture investments976 (552)(142)1,731 (215)
 

Principal transaction revenues net of non-controlling interests in Harvest Growth Capital funds

1,814 1,066 1,407 7,265 1,520 
 

Non-controlling interests in Harvest Growth Capital funds

(2,829)(3,021)314 4,030 95 
 
Total principal transaction revenues($1,015)($1,955)$1,721 $11,295 $1,615 
 

Included in the net loss of $1.0 million for the quarter ended December 31, 2012 was a loss of $2.8 million attributable to non-controlling interests in net realized and unrealized losses at Harvest Growth Capital and Harvest Growth Capital II, venture capital funds managed by Harvest Capital Strategies that are consolidated under GAAP. GAAP accounting requires that JMP Group consolidate both funds due to Harvest Capital Strategies' role as the funds' manager and managing member, despite the company's ownership of just 4.5% of Harvest Growth Capital and 3.3% of Harvest Growth Capital II. The presentation of adjusted net revenues elsewhere in this press release excludes JMP Group's non-controlling interests in these funds; and, accordingly, the aforementioned loss of $2.8 million is not included in adjusted net revenues. Net of its non-controlling interests, JMP Group had a net realized and unrealized loss of $0.2 million on its investments in Harvest Growth Capital and Harvest Growth Capital II for the quarter. For more information on adjusted net revenues, including a reconciliation to net revenues, please see the section below titled "Non-GAAP Financial Measures."

Gain on Sale, Payoff and Mark-to-Market of Loans and Loan Loss Provision

Together, JMP Credit Corporation and Harvest Capital Credit generated a net realized and unrealized gain of $4.4 million from the sale, payoff or mark-to-market of loans for the quarter, compared to $2.0 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, the net realized and unrealized gain from the sale, payoff or mark to market of loans was $7.2 million, compared to $17.0 million for 2011.

JMP Credit Corporation realized a net gain of $3.9 million for the quarter due to the sale or payoff of 60 of the loans in its portfolio, compared to a net gain of $2.0 million in connection with 21 loans for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, the net realized gain was $6.6 million as a result of the sale or payoff of 127 loans, compared to a net gain of $17.0 million in connection with 110 loans for 2011. For the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012, net realized gains of $2.7 million and $4.7 million, respectively, were due to the sale or payoff of loans acquired with JMP Credit in April 2009, compared to net realized gains of $1.8 million and $14.8 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2011, respectively. At December 31, 2012, seven loans with an aggregate par value of $25.2 million and an associated liquidity discount of $4.3 million remained from the portfolio acquired in April 2009.

At December 31, 2012, discounts and reserves (including liquidity discounts, allowances for loan losses and deferred loan fees) equaled $12.7 million, or 3.1% of gross performing loans outstanding at JMP Credit. With regard to impaired loans, discounts and reserves (including credit discounts, liquidity discounts, and allowances for loan losses) equaled $1.7 million—equivalent to 49.6% of gross impaired loans outstanding or 0.4% of gross loans outstanding—compared to $9.5 million, or 2.2% of gross loans outstanding, at December 31, 2011.

A net loan loss provision of $1.1 million for the quarter was recorded at JMP Credit, which is currently consolidated under GAAP, as a specific reserve in connection with an impaired loan. At December 31, 2012, general loan loss reserves equaled 0.5% of gross performing loans at JMP Credit, in line with 0.5% at December 31, 2011.

Harvest Capital Credit realized a net realized and unrealized gain of $0.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2012 and $0.7 million for the full year. Of those amounts, $0.3 million resulted from the payoff of two loans in its portfolio during the fourth quarter. No loans were paid off in 2011. The remaining net unrealized gains of $0.2 million and $0.4 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012, respectively, were due to mark-to-market adjustments, as discussed below.

Due to its adoption of investment company accounting in preparation for its pending initial public offering as a business development company, Harvest Capital Credit, which is currently consolidated under GAAP, was required to change certain accounting principles which it had been permitted to employ historically. As of September 30, 2012, Harvest Capital Credit reports all investments, including debt investments, at market value or, in the absence of a readily available market value, at fair value. Consequently, its financial statements for the first three quarters of 2012 have been recast to reflect a retrospective application of investment company accounting, and all loan loss provisions taken for those periods have been reversed. At December 31, 2012, Harvest Capital Credit's debt investments were marked to market, resulting in net unrealized gains of $0.2 million and $0.4 million for the fourth quarter and the full year, respectively.

JMP Group's consolidated financial statements for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012 indicate loan loss provisions of $1.1 million and $2.0 million, respectively. However, for the year, there is a reversal of $0.2 million in connection with the recasting of Harvest Capital Credit's results described above. Net of the reversal, the loan loss provision associated only with JMP Credit would have been $2.2 million for the year.

Other Income

Other income was $0.3 million for the quarter, compared to $1.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, other income was $3.8 million, compared to $4.3 million for 2011.

Net Interest Income

Interest income was $8.8 million for the quarter, and interest expense was $10.4 million, resulting in net interest expense of $1.6 million, compared to net interest expense of $1.7 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. Excluding net amortization expense related to liquidity discounts, net interest income was $6.0 million, compared to $4.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. The year-over-year increase was primarily due to the launch of Harvest Capital Credit in September 2011 and the subsequent deployment of a portion of its committed capital. For the year, net interest expense was $7.1 million, compared to net interest expense of $2.4 million for 2011; excluding net interest expense due to net amortization of liquidity discounts, net interest income was $22.1 million for 2012 and $21.1 million for 2011.

Expenses

Compensation and Benefits

Compensation and benefits expense was $10.6 million for the quarter, compared to $22.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the fourth quarter of 2012, non-cash compensation expense attributable to performance-related and other restricted stock units, or RSUs, granted subsequent to JMP Group's May 2007 initial public offering was $1.9 million, compared to $9.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. The aforementioned compensation and benefits expense of $10.6 million for the quarter excludes 77%, or $7.0 million, of the total cost of deferred compensation for 2012, which will be recognized for GAAP accounting purposes on a quarterly basis though paid at year-end 2013 and 2014.

For the year, compensation and benefits expense was $66.4 million, compared to $89.0 million for 2011. For 2012, non-cash compensation expense attributable to performance-related and other RSUs granted subsequent to the company's IPO was $2.5 million, compared to $9.5 million for 2011. The aforementioned compensation and benefits expense of $66.4 million for the year excludes 77%, or $7.0 million, of the total cost of deferred compensation for 2012, which will be recognized for GAAP accounting purposes on a quarterly basis though paid at year-end 2013 and 2014.

Excluding the cost of RSU grants but accelerating and recognizing all deferred compensation expense at December 31, 2012, compensation and benefits expense was 46.8% of adjusted net revenues for the quarter, compared to 52.6% for the fourth quarter of 2011, and was 56.6% for the year, compared to 58.1% for 2011. The declines in the compensation ratios for both the fourth quarter of 2012 and the full year were related to better-than-expected net investment income, which affected the company's revenue mix and led management to decide at year-end to adjust the compensation accrual on net investment income for 2012. The decision reduced the company's ratio of compensation and benefits expense to adjusted net revenues by 8.9 percentage points for the quarter and 2.4 percentage points for the year.

Non-Compensation Expense

Non-compensation expense was $7.0 million for the quarter, compared to $6.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. For the year, non-compensation expense was $25.0 million, compared to $26.8 million for 2011. As a percentage of adjusted net revenues, non-compensation expense was 21.0% for the quarter, compared to 25.4% for the fourth quarter of 2011, and was 19.9% for the year, compared to 19.8% for 2011.

Personnel

At December 31, 2012, the company had 224 full-time employees, compared to 217 at the end of the prior quarter and 217 at December 31, 2011.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to the GAAP financial results presented in this press release, JMP Group presents the non-GAAP financial measures discussed below. These non-GAAP measures are provided to enhance investors' overall understanding of the company's current financial performance. Additionally, company management believes that this presentation enables meaningful comparison of JMP Group's financial performance in various periods. However, the non-GAAP financial results presented should not be considered a substitute for results that are presented in a manner consistent with GAAP. A limitation of the non-GAAP financial measures presented is that the adjustments concern gains, losses or expenses that JMP Group generally expects to continue to recognize; the adjustment of these items should not be construed as an inference that these gains or expenses are unusual, infrequent or non-recurring. Therefore, company management believes that both JMP Group's GAAP measures of its financial performance and the respective non-GAAP measures should be considered together. The non-GAAP measures presented herein may not be comparable to similarly titled measures presented by other companies.

Adjusted Net Revenue

Adjusted net revenue is a non-GAAP financial measure that (i) includes asset management fees, net interest income or expense, and other revenues eliminated upon the consolidation of Harvest Growth Capital, Harvest Growth Capital II and Harvest Capital Credit, (ii) excludes the net amortization of liquidity discounts on loans held and asset-backed securities issued by JMP Credit Corporation, (iii) excludes amortization expense related to an intangible asset, (iv) reverses unrealized mark-to-market gains and losses recorded at Harvest Capital Credit, (v) reverses net unrealized gains and losses on strategic equity investments and warrants and (vi) excludes the non-controlling interest in net unrealized gains and losses on Harvest Growth Capital and Harvest Growth Capital II. In particular, adjusted net revenue adjusts for:

  • base management and incentive fees earned by Harvest Capital Strategies as manager of Harvest Growth Capital and Harvest Growth Capital II, both venture capital funds, and Harvest Capital Credit, a small business lending strategy; Harvest Capital Strategies is managing member of Harvest Growth Capital and Harvest Growth Capital II and is the external manager of Harvest Capital Credit, and, as a result of its ownership of each, JMP Group consolidates the three entities in accordance with GAAP accounting standards and eliminates the fees in consolidation; presenting these fees as though Harvest Growth Capital, Harvest Growth Capital II and Harvest Capital Credit were deconsolidated presents the entities' results in a manner similar to those of the other investment funds managed by Harvest Capital Strategies;
  • the non-cash net amortization of liquidity discounts at JMP Credit, due to scheduled contractual principal repayments, of $7.6 million and $29.2 million for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012, respectively;
  • non-cash amortization, in connection with an intangible asset, of $0.1 million per quarter in certain periods prior to the quarter ended September 30, 2011;
  • unrealized mark-to-market gains or losses on the investment portfolio at Harvest Capital Credit as well as the reversal of previously recorded loan loss provisions;
  • unrealized mark-to-market gains or losses on the company's strategic equity investments as well as certain warrant positions; and
  • non-controlling interests in net unrealized gains and losses generated by Harvest Growth Capital and Harvest Growth Capital II, of which Harvest Capital Strategies is manager and managing member; under GAAP, JMP Group consolidates the two funds; however, as presented, unrealized gains and losses that do not accrue to the company are reversed.

Additionally, management considers it instructive to further adjust the company's adjusted net revenues to exclude the financial impact of gains or losses recognized by JMP Credit Corporation due to the sale or payoff of loans originally included in the portfolio acquired by JMP Group in April 2009.

A reconciliation of JMP Group's net revenues to its adjusted net revenues for the quarter and year ended December 31, 2012 and for comparable prior periods is set forth below.

 
 Quarter Ended Year Ended
(in thousands)

Dec. 31, 2012

 Sept. 30, 2012 Dec. 31, 2011Dec. 31, 2012 Dec. 31, 2011
 
Revenues:
Non-interest revenues$27,328$19,998$22,820$110,957$115,696
Net interest expense(1,573)(1,754)(1,730)(7,095)(2,391)
Loan loss provision(1,071)65 (1,467)(1,990)(1,944)
Total net revenues24,68418,30919,623101,872111,361

Asset management fees earned on Harvest Growth Capital funds and Harvest Capital Credit (1)

1,0605971502,342759

Dividend distribution from Harvest Capital Credit (1)

-157-234-

Less: Net interest income and other revenues from Harvest Capital Credit (1)

(1,202)(772)- (2,789)- 

Total net revenues including fee revenues from consolidated entities

24,542 18,291 19,773 101,659 112,120 
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