William Bradford, the first governor of the Plymouth colony, noted that the settlement began as a commune, but degenerated into "a kind of slavery" before its members decided to switch to a private enterprise society. As for Joseph Smith, the father of Mormonism established "the family," a commune on an Ohio farm. Ann Lee, the founder of the Shakers, emigrated from Britain to New York, where she and her followers created a communistic society.
L. Ron Hubbard, though he created the Church of Scientology, never had designs on turning it into a commune.
Photo: Brooklyn Museum, Wikipedia