Umpqua Holdings Reports Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2012 Results

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Umpqua Holdings Reports Fourth Quarter & Full Year 2012 Results

Fourth quarter 2012 operating earnings(1)of $0.26 per diluted share, a 37% increase over same period prior year
Full year 2012 operating earnings of $0.93 per diluted share, a 41% increase over prior year
Total tax equivalent revenue increased 10% over prior quarter to $151 million
Organic non-covered loans and leases growth of $186 million, or 3%, over prior quarter, 9% for year
Non-covered, non-performing assets decreased 30% year-over-year to 0.75% of total assets
Fourth quarter 2012 mortgage banking revenue of $31.1 million, up 28% from prior quarter
Completed acquisition of Circle Bancorp, expanding our presence in the California Greater Bay market


PORTLAND, Ore.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Umpqua Holdings Corporation (NAS: UMPQ) , parent company of Umpqua Bank and Umpqua Investments Inc., today announced fourth quarter 2012 net earnings available to common shareholders of $27.8 million, or $0.25 per diluted common share, compared to net earnings available to common shareholders of $25.0 million, or $0.22 per diluted common share for the third quarter of 2012, and $21.3 million, or $0.19 per diluted common share, for the same period in the prior year. For the full year 2012, the Company reported net earnings available to common shareholders of $101.2 million, or $0.90 per diluted common share, compared to net earnings available to common shareholders of $74.1 million, or $0.65 per diluted common share for the prior year.

Operating earnings, defined as earnings available to common shareholders before gains or losses on junior subordinated debentures carried at fair value, net of tax; bargain purchase gains on acquisitions, net of tax; merger related expenses, net of tax; and goodwill impairment, were $29.3 million, or $0.26 per diluted common share for the fourth quarter of 2012, compared to operating earnings of $25.4 million, or $0.23 per diluted common share for the third quarter of 2012, and $21.6 million, or $0.19 per diluted common share, for the same period in the prior year. For the full year 2012, the Company is reporting operating earnings of $103.9 million, or $0.93 per diluted common share, compared to operating earnings of $75.7 million, or $0.66 per diluted common share for the prior year.

Significant financial statement items for the fourth quarter of 2012 include:

  • Non-covered loans and leases grew $186 million and total non-covered loan commitments increased $266 million, excluding the amounts acquired through the Circle Bancorp acquisition;
  • Mortgage banking revenue of $31.1 million on closed loan volume of $685 million;
  • Total quarterly tax equivalent revenue of $151 million, an increase of 10% over the prior quarter;
  • Adjusted net interest margin (1) of 3.72%;
  • Completed the acquisition of Circle Bancorp, systems conversion to be completed in the first quarter of 2013;
  • Non-covered, non-performing assets continue to decline, down to 0.75% of total assets, the lowest level since the second quarter of 2007;
  • Provision for non-covered loan and lease losses of $4.9 million and non-covered net charge-offs of $4.3 million, the difference resulting from growth in non-covered loans during the period;
  • The cost of interest bearing deposits declined 6 basis points on a sequential quarter basis to 0.37%;
  • Debt Capital Markets revenue of $2.9 million;
  • Tangible common equity ratio of 9.35%; and
  • Total risk-based capital of 16.19%, and Tier 1 common to risk weighted asset ratio of 12.25%.

Highlights for the full year of 2012 include:

  • Organic non-covered loans and leases growth of $546 million, or 9%, and total non-covered loan commitments increased $740 million;
  • Commercial Banking loan production of $1.57 billion, a 14% increase over prior year;
  • Provision for non-covered loan losses declined 53% year over year to $21.8 million;
  • Net non-covered charge-offs declined 47% year over year to $29.4 million;
  • Non-covered non-performing assets declined 30%, to 0.75% of total assets;
  • Mortgage banking revenue of $84.2 million on closed loan volume of $2.2 billion;
  • Total annual tax equivalent revenue of $551 million, an increase of 6% year over year;
  • Net interest margin declined 17 basis points to 4.02% and adjusted net interest margin (1) declined 9 basis points to 3.86% over prior year.
          

(1)

 

Operating earnings and adjusted net interest margin are considered "non-GAAP" financial measures. More information regarding these measurements and a reconciliation to the comparable GAAP measurements are provided under the heading Non-GAAP Financial Measures below. In previous earnings releases and periodic reports, we referred to adjusted net interest margin as core net interest margin.

"Excellent loan growth, record revenue totals and continued credit quality improvements highlight this quarter's performance," said Ray Davis, president and CEO of Umpqua Holdings Corporation. "As we enter 2013, we remain focused on delivering shareholder value through continued loan growth, diversification of our revenue streams in light of the low interest rate environment, and deployment of excess capital."

Acquisition of Circle Bancorp

The Company completed its acquisition of Circle Bancorp on November 14, 2012. The aggregate deal value was approximately $24.9 million and paid with cash. After purchase accounting fair value adjustments, Umpqua Bank acquired assets totaling $318 million, including $247 million of loans and $250 million of deposits. In connection with this acquisition the Company recorded $12.5 million in goodwill. With this acquisition, Umpqua Bank added six store locations in the California Greater Bay market.

As expected, the acquisition of Circle has been immediately accretive to operating earnings per share. Circle contributed operating earnings of approximately $0.8 million from acquisition to year-end. We expect to integrate the systems and to complete the rebranding of the acquired banking locations to Umpqua standards in the first quarter of 2013.

Please refer to table 6 on page 28 of this release for additional information related to the fair values of assets acquired and liabilities assumed from the Circle acquisition.

Asset quality - Non-covered loan portfolio

Non-covered, non-performing assets were $88.1 million, or 0.75% of total assets, as of December 31, 2012, compared to $99.6 million, or 0.86% of total assets as of September 30, 2012, and $125.6 million, or 1.09% of total assets as of December 31, 2011. Of this amount, as of December 31, 2012, $66.7 million represented non-accrual loans, $4.2 million represented loans past due greater than 90 days and still accruing interest, and $17.1 million was other real estate owned ("OREO").

Non-covered, classified assets were $358.9 million as of December 31, 2012, compared to $348.8 million as of September 30, 2012, and $403.8 million as of December 31, 2011. Total non-covered, classified assets have increased 3% since the prior quarter, largely due to classified balances acquired from Circle Bancorp, and have declined 11% since the same period of the prior year. Classified assets include non-performing assets, as well as performing assets rated substandard or worse.

The Company has aggressively charged-down impaired assets to their disposition values, and the assets are expected to be resolved at those levels, absent further declines in market prices. As of December 31, 2012, the non-covered, non-performing assets of $88.1 million have been written down by 29%, or $36.7 million, from their current par balance of $124.8 million.

The provision for non-covered loan losses for the fourth quarter of 2012 was $4.9 million, representing a 31% decrease from the prior quarter, and a 26% decrease from the same period of the prior year. The decrease in provision expense as compared to the prior periods reflects the continued improvement and stabilization of credit quality, including less net charge-offs and the decline of classified and non-performing loans, partially offset by non-covered loan growth.

The allowance for non-covered credit losses decreased to 1.30% of non-covered loans and leases at December 31, 2012, as compared to 1.40% of total non-covered loans and leases as of September 30, 2012 and 1.59% of total non-covered loans and leases as of December 31, 2011. The allowance for non-covered credit losses increased in absolute dollar value to $86.6 million, but declined as a percentage of non-covered loans and leases outstanding to 1.30%. Approximately 5 basis points of the decline this quarter related to the improved credit quality of the loan portfolio and unfunded loan commitments, and the other 5 basis points related to the loans acquired from Circle Bancorp, which were fair valued at date of acquisition with no allowance carried over. The annualized net charge-off rate for the fourth quarter of 2012 was 0.26%. The allowance for non-covered credit losses includes the allowance for non-covered loan and lease losses and the allowance for non-covered unfunded loan commitments.

Non-covered loans past due 30 to 89 days were $23.8 million, or 0.36% of non-covered loans and leases as of December 31, 2012, a decline of 17% from $28.5 million, or 0.46% of non-covered loans and leases as of September 30, 2012, and a decline of 32% from $35.2 million, or 0.60% of non-covered loans and leases as of December 31, 2011.

The following table recaps the Company's credit quality trends since the second quarter of 2007, as it relates to the non-covered loan portfolio:

Credit quality trends - Non-covered loans

(Dollars in thousands) Allowance for  
 non-coveredNon-coveredNon-covered,
Provision forNon-coveredcredit lossesloansnon-performing
non-coverednetto non-covered30-89 daysassets to
loan losses  charge-offs loans % past due % total assets %
Q2 2007$3,413

$

31

1.17%0.56%0.59%
Q3 200720,4208651.47%0.99%0.96%
Q4 200717,81421,1881.42%0.64%1.18%
Q1 200815,13213,4761.45%1.13%1.06%
Q2 200825,13737,9761.22%0.31%1.25%
Q3 200835,45415,1931.54%1.16%1.66%
Q4 200831,95530,0721.58%0.96%1.88%
Q1 200959,09259,8711.58%1.47%1.82%
Q2 200929,33126,0471.63%0.80%1.73%
Q3 200952,10847,3421.71%0.76%1.70%
Q4 200968,59364,0721.81%0.69%2.38%
Q1 201042,10638,9791.91%0.93%1.99%
Q2 201029,76726,6372.00%0.70%1.90%
Q3 201024,22830,0441.91%1.41%1.59%
Q4 201017,56723,7441.82%0.85%1.53%
Q1 201115,03019,1181.75%1.25%1.53%
Q2 201115,45915,4971.72%0.76%1.37%
Q3 20119,08913,9521.61%0.84%1.24%
Q4 20116,6426,6061.59%0.60%1.09%
Q1 20123,1679,4651.48%0.35%1.05%
Q2 20126,6389,6901.39%0.40%1.01%
Q3 20127,0785,9371.40%0.46%0.86%
Q4 2012 4,913  4,2811.30%0.36%0.75%
Total$540,133 

$

520,083

Non-covered construction loan portfolio

The non-covered residential development loan segment was $57.5 million, or 0.9% of the total non-covered loan portfolio, as of December 31, 2012. Of this amount, $8.4 million represented non-performing loans and $17.1 million were classified as performing restructured loans. The residential development loan segment has decreased $32.5 million, or 36%, since December 31, 2011.

Non-covered commercial construction loans were $202.1 million as of December 31, 2012, as compared to $174.6 million as of September 30, 2012, and $165.1 million as of December 31, 2011. Of this amount as of December 31, 2012, $4.2 million represented non-performing loans and $12.6 million were classified as performing restructured loans.

Non-covered commercial real estate loan portfolio

The total non-covered term commercial real estate loan portfolio was $3.94 billion as of December 31, 2012. Of this total, $2.65 billion are non-owner occupied and $1.29 billion are owner occupied. Of the total term commercial real estate portfolio, $43.3 million were on non-accrual status, and $10.5 million were past due 30-89 days as of December 31, 2012. Of the total non-covered commercial real estate portfolio, 8% matures in 2013, 6% in 2014, 18% in years 2015-2016, and 19% in years 2017-2018. The remaining 49% of the portfolio matures in or after the year 2019.

Non-covered restructured loans

Non-covered restructured loans on accrual status were $70.6 million as of December 31, 2012, as compared to $70.0 million as of September 30, 2012, and $80.6 million as of December 31, 2011.

Additional information related to asset quality

Additional tables can be found at the end of this earnings release covering the following aspects of the Company's non-covered loan portfolio: non-performing assets by type and by region, non-performing assets by type trends, loans past due 30 to 89 days by type and by region, loans past due 30 to 89 days by type trends, and restructured loans on accrual status by type and by region.

Asset quality - Covered loan portfolio

Covered non-performing assets were $10.4 million, or 0.09% of total assets, as of December 31, 2012, as compared to $8.1 million, or 0.07% of total assets, as of September 30, 2012, and $19.5 million, or 0.17% of total assets, as of December 31, 2011. The total covered non-performing assets balance for all periods presented represents covered OREO.

In accordance with the guidance governing the accounting for purchased loan portfolios with evidence of credit deterioration subsequent to origination, the covered loans acquired have been assembled into pools of loans. As a result, individual loans underlying the loan pools are not reported as non-performing. Rather, the accretable yield of the pool is recognized to the extent pool level expected future cash flows discounted at the effective rate exceed the carrying value of the pool. To the extent discounted expected future cash flows are less than the carrying value of the pool, provisions for covered credit losses are recognized as a charge to earnings, but the adjusted carrying value of the loan pool continues to accrete into income at the effective rate.

As of acquisition date, covered non-performing assets were written-down to their estimated fair value, incorporating our estimate of future expected cash flows until the ultimate resolution of these credits. The estimated credit losses embedded in these acquired non-performing loan portfolios were based on management's and third-party consultants' credit reviews of the portfolios performed during due diligence. To the extent actual or projected cash flows are less than originally estimated, additional provisions for loan losses on the covered loan portfolio will be recognized; however, these provisions would be mostly offset by a corresponding increase in the FDIC indemnification (loss sharing) asset recognized within non-interest income. To the extent actual or projected cash flows are more than originally estimated, the increase in cash flows is prospectively recognized in interest income; however, the increase in interest income would be mostly offset by a corresponding prospective decrease in the FDIC indemnification (loss sharing) asset recognized within non-interest income.

Net interest margin

The Company reported a net interest margin of 3.95% for the fourth quarter of 2012, as compared to 3.98% for the third quarter of 2012, and 4.13% for the fourth quarter of 2011. The decrease in net interest margin in the current quarter over the prior quarter resulted primarily from the decline in non-covered loan yields, the decline in investment yields, the decrease in average investment balances and the decrease in average covered loan balances, partially offset by a decrease in interest bearing cash, the increase in average non-covered loans outstanding, an increase in loan disposal gains from the covered loan portfolio, the decrease in the cost of interest bearing deposits and the decrease in interest bearing liabilities. The decrease in net interest margin in the current quarter over the same period of the prior year was largely driven from the same factors noted above.

Loan disposal activities within the covered loan portfolio, either through loans being paid off in full or transferred to OREO, result in gains within covered loan interest income to the extent assets received in satisfaction of debt (such as cash or the net realizable value of OREO received) exceed the allocated carrying value of the loan disposed of from the pool. Loan disposal activities contributed $6.3 million of interest income in the fourth quarter of 2012, as compared to $5.9 million in the third quarter of 2012 and $6.7 million in the fourth quarter of 2011. While dispositions of covered loans positively impact net interest margin, we recognize a corresponding decrease to the change in FDIC indemnification asset at the incremental loss-sharing rate within other non-interest income.

Interest and fee reversals on non-accrual loans during the fourth quarter of 2012 were $0.4 million, negatively impacting the net interest margin by 1 basis point, as compared to reversals of $0.2 million for the third quarter of 2012 and recoveries of $0.2 million in the fourth quarter of 2011.

Excluding the impact of loan disposal gains and interest and fee reversals or recoveries on non-accrual loans, our adjusted net interest margin was 3.72% for the fourth quarter of 2012, 3.76% for the third quarter of 2012 and 3.87% for the fourth quarter of 2011. Adjusted net interest margin is considered a "non-GAAP" financial measure. More information regarding this measurement and reconciliation to the comparable GAAP measurement is provided under the heading Non-GAAP Financial Measures below.

For the twenty-second consecutive quarter, the Company has reduced the cost of interest bearing deposits. As a result of these efforts, the cost of interest bearing deposits was 0.37% for the fourth quarter of 2012, 6 basis points lower than the third quarter of 2012 and 21 basis points lower than the fourth quarter of 2011. Management closely and continually monitors market deposit rates and develops our pricing strategy to ensure we are competitive in the market and in-line with our liquidity position and funding needs.

Mortgage banking revenue

The Company generated $31.1 million in total mortgage banking revenue during the fourth quarter of 2012, on closed loan volume of $685 million. This represents a 28% increase in revenue over the third quarter of 2012 and a 232% increase in revenue over the same period of the prior year. In the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company recognized a decrease in the fair value of the mortgage servicing right assets in the income statement of $2.8 million. The decline is primarily due to the further reductions to the historically low mortgage interest rate levels during the quarter that have led to elevated levels of refinancing activity. Despite the elevated levels of refinance activity in the current environment, 26% of the current quarter's production related to purchase activity. Income from the origination and sale of mortgage loans was $32.0 million in the fourth quarter, representing a 22% increase over the prior quarter, and a 248% increase as compared to the same quarter of the prior year. As of December 31, 2012, the Company serviced $3.2 billion of mortgage loans for others, and the related mortgage servicing right asset is valued at $27.4 million, or 0.87% of the total serviced portfolio principal balance.

Gain on sale of investment securities

During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company sold approximately $180 million of government-sponsored collateralized mortgage obligations, primarily to fund non-covered loan growth during the period. The securities sold included several bonds with high prepayment speeds that posed higher extension risk in a potential future higher interest rate environment. In connection with this sale, the Company recognized a gain on sale of investment securities of $2.8 million. This gain was partially offset by a $155 thousand other-than-temporary impairment on private-label collateralized mortgage obligation securities within the held to maturity portfolio.

Fair value of junior subordinated debentures

The Company recognized a $0.6 million loss from the change in fair value of junior subordinated debentures during the fourth quarter of 2012. The majority of the fair value difference over par value relates to the $61.8 million of junior subordinated debentures issued in the third quarter of 2007, which carry interest rate spreads of 135 and 275 basis points over the 3 month LIBOR. As of December 31, 2012, the credit risk adjusted interest spread for potential new issuances was estimated to be significantly higher than the contractual spread. The difference between these spreads has created a cumulative gain in fair value of the Company's junior subordinated debentures, which results from their carrying amount compared to the estimated amount that would be paid to transfer the liability in an orderly transaction among market participants.

As these instruments are no longer being originated or actively traded in the primary or secondary markets, the quarterly fair value adjustments are difficult to estimate. We utilize an income approach valuation technique to determine the fair value of these liabilities using our estimation of market discount rate assumptions. The Company monitors activity in the trust preferred and related markets, to the extent available, changes related to the current and anticipated future interest rate environment, and considers our entity-specific creditworthiness, to validate the reasonableness of the credit risk adjusted spread and effective yield utilized in our discounted cash flow model. Absent changes to the significant inputs utilized in the discounted cash flow model used to measure the fair value of these instruments at each reporting period, the cumulative discount for each junior subordinated debenture will reverse over time, ultimately returning the carrying values of these instruments to their notional values at their expected redemption dates.

Under a recently issued notice of proposed rulemaking by federal banking regulators to revise the regulatory capital rules to incorporate certain revisions by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision to the Basel capital framework (Basel III), the trust preferred security debt issuances would be phased out of Tier 1 capital into Tier 2 capital over a 10 year period. If the proposed rulemaking becomes effective, it is possible the Company may accelerate redemption of the existing junior subordinated debentures. This could result in adjustments to the fair value of these instruments including the acceleration of losses on junior subordinated debentures carried at fair value within non-interest income. As of December 31, 2012, the total par value of junior subordinated debentures carried at fair value was $134.0 million, and the fair value was $85.1 million.

Other non-interest income

Total other income for the fourth quarter of 2012 was $7.7 million, compared to $4.3 million for the third quarter of 2012 and $3.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. The largest recurring component of other income is Debt Capital Markets revenue, which was $2.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2012, compared to $1.6 million in the prior quarter and $0.9 million for the same quarter of the prior year. Other income for the current quarter includes two nonrecurring income items including a $1.1 million death benefit from a bank owned life insurance policy and a $0.8 million insurance recovery related to a damaged store property.

Non-interest expense

Total non-interest expense for the fourth quarter of 2012 was $98.0 million, compared to $87.0 million for the third quarter of 2012 and $85.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2011. Of the $11 million sequential quarter increase in non-interest expense, incremental OREO losses and merger expense related to the Circle Bancorp acquisition represented $3 million. Approximately $4 million of the quarterly increase relates to higher loan and OREO workout costs, higher variable mortgage production costs and the addition of the Circle Bancorp acquisition. The remaining $4 million of the quarterly increase primarily relates to increased variable compensation, an adjustment to deferred compensation liabilities resulting from lower discount rates reflective of the low interest rate environment, increased local taxes and increased professional fees, partially offset by the $1.6 million provision for unfunded commitments reversal from the third quarter of 2012.

Income taxes

The Company recorded a provision for income taxes of $14.8 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, representing an effective tax rate of 34.6%.

Balance sheet

Total consolidated assets as of December 31, 2012 were $11.8 billion, compared to $11.5 billion on September 30, 2012 and $11.6 billion a year ago. Total gross loans and leases (covered and non-covered), and deposits, were $7.2 billion and $9.4 billion, respectively, as of December 31, 2012, as compared to $6.8 billion and $9.1 billion, respectively, as of September 30, 2012, and $6.5 billion and $9.2 billion, respectively, as of December 31, 2011.

Excluding the amounts acquired through the Circle Bancorp transaction, total non-covered loans held for investment increased $186.0 million during the fourth quarter of 2012. This increase is principally due to new loan production in the current period and draws on commercial lines of credit. Excluding non-covered charge-offs of $9.4 million, the non-covered loan portfolio increased $195.2 million in the current quarter. Covered loans declined $38.0 million during the fourth quarter of 2012. The covered loan portfolio will continue to decline over time as loan payments are received, covered loans are refinanced or modified out of loss sharing, or as we work out and resolve troubled credits.

Excluding the balance acquired through the Circle Bancorp transaction, total deposits increased $28.9 million on a sequential quarter basis, and decreased $107.8 million from the same period of the prior year. The year over year decline in deposits over these periods primarily results from the run-off of higher priced time and public funds deposits, partially offset by growth from our de novo store expansion. The year over year increase in securities sold under agreements to repurchase over the prior periods results from the FDIC discontinuing banking institutions' ability to collateralize uninsured non-public funds deposits, while various customers still require or prefer some form of collateralization based on their business requirements.

Due to the significant amount of liquidity in the banking system and generally unattractive bond market conditions since the second half of 2009, the Company has been holding larger levels of interest bearing cash rather than investing all excess liquidity into the bond market. At December 31, 2012, the Company had $315 million of interest bearing cash earning 0.25%, the target Federal Funds Rate. For interest bearing cash in excess of our internal target balance range, we have reinvested these funds and purchased short duration government-sponsored investment securities to offset the interest expense associated with our deposit balances. The Company's available for sale investment portfolio was $2.6 billion as of December 31, 2012, representing a 9% decrease over the prior quarter and a 17% decline from same period of the prior year. The proceeds from the reduction in the investment portfolio were primarily utilized to fund non-covered loan growth in the quarter and to pay off the term borrowing assumed from the Circle Bancorp acquisition. The Company plans to hold an increased interest bearing cash position relative to historical levels until the investment alternatives in the market improve from both a return and duration standpoint and to fund anticipated future loan production. Including secured off-balance sheet lines of credit, total available liquidity to the Company was $4.4 billion as of December 31, 2012, representing 37% of total assets and 46% of total deposits.

Capital

As of December 31, 2012, total shareholders' equity was $1.7 billion, comprised entirely of common equity. Book value per common share was $15.41, tangible book value per common share was $9.28 and the ratio of tangible common equity to tangible assets was 9.35% (see explanation and reconciliation of these items in the Non-GAAP Financial Measures section below). During the fourth quarter of 2012, the Company repurchased 170,944 shares of common stock, for a total of $2.1 million through the previously announced share repurchase plan. The Company may repurchase up to 12.1 million of additional shares under the previously announced share repurchase plan, and will remain opportunistic based on market conditions.

The Company's estimated total risk-based capital ratio as of December 31, 2012 is 16.19%. This represents a decrease from September 30, 2012, as a result of increased risk weighted assets primarily due to non-covered loan growth and the acquisition of Circle Bancorp. Our total risk-based capital level is substantially in excess of the regulatory definition of "well-capitalized" of 10.00%. The Company's estimated Tier 1 common to risk weighted assets ratio is 12.25% as of December 31, 2012. These capital ratios as of December 31, 2012 are estimates pending completion and filing of the Company's regulatory reports.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

In addition to results presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States of America (GAAP), this press release contains certain non-GAAP financial measures. Umpqua believes that certain non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with information useful in understanding Umpqua's financial performance; however, readers of this report are urged to review these non-GAAP financial measures in conjunction with the GAAP results as reported.

Umpqua recognizes gains or losses on our junior subordinated debentures carried at fair value resulting from changes in interest rates and the estimated market credit risk adjusted spread that do not directly correlate with the Company's operating performance. Also, Umpqua incurs significant expenses related to the completion and integration of mergers and acquisitions. Additionally, we may recognize goodwill impairment losses that have no direct effect on the Company's or the Bank's cash balances, liquidity, or regulatory capital ratios. Lastly, the Company may recognize one-time bargain purchase gains on certain acquisitions that are not reflective of Umpqua's on-going earnings power. Accordingly, management believes that our operating results are best measured on a comparative basis excluding the impact of gains or losses on junior subordinated debentures measured at fair value, net of tax, merger-related expenses, net of tax, and other charges related to business combinations such as goodwill impairment charges or bargain purchase gains, net of tax. We define operating earnings as earnings available to common shareholders before gains or losses on junior subordinated debentures carried at fair value, net of tax, bargain purchase gains on acquisitions, net of tax, merger related expenses, net of tax, and goodwill impairment, and we calculate operating earnings per diluted share by dividing operating earnings by the same diluted share total used in determining diluted earnings per common share.

The following table provides the reconciliation of earnings available to common shareholders (GAAP) to operating earnings (non-GAAP), and earnings per diluted common share (GAAP) to operating earnings per diluted share (non-GAAP) for the periods presented:

 Quarter ended: 

Sequential
Quarter

 

Year over
Year

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)Dec 31, 2012 Sep 30, 2012 Dec 31, 2011 % Change % Change
  
Net earnings available to common shareholders$27,775$24,983$21,27911%31%
Adjustments:
Net loss on junior subordinated debentures

carried at fair value, net of tax (1)

3323323320%0%
Merger related expenses, net of tax (1)1,200 51 342253%3429%
Operating earnings$29,307 $25,366 $21,64516%35%
 
Earnings per diluted share:
Earnings available to common shareholders$0.25$0.22$0.1914%32%
Operating earnings$0.26$0.23$0.1913%37%
  

 

Year Ended:

Year over
Year

(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)Dec 31, 2012 Dec 31, 2011% Change
 
Net earnings available to common shareholders$101,209$74,14037%
Adjustments:
Net loss on junior subordinated debentures

carried at fair value, net of tax (1)

1,3221,3180%
Merger related expenses, net of tax (1)1,403 216550%
Operating earnings$103,93
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