Banks Accused of Defrauding Homeowners by Rigging Libor

Before you go, we thought you'd like these...


By James O'Toole

Add one more to the list of alleged victims of Libor manipulation: homeowners.

A class action complaint filed earlier this month in New York federal court claims borrowers with adjustable-rate mortgages based on the London Interbank Offered Rate, or Libor, paid more than they rightfully should have due to the rate's manipulation by the global banks involved in setting it.

The complaint follows other class action suits filed by groups ranging from local governments to community banks to individual investors, all of whom say they lost out due to Libor-rigging.

Libor burst into the public consciousness this summer when British banking giant Barclays admitted to manipulating it, reaching a $453 million settlement with U.S. and U.K. regulators. Other banks involved in setting Libor, including JPMorgan, UBS, Citigroup and HSBC, have revealed that they too are cooperating with investigations on the issue, and additional settlements are expected.

The London Interbank Offered Rate is actually a collection of rates generated for 10 currencies across 15 different time periods, ranging from one day to one year. It's designed to measure the cost of borrowing between the world's largest banks, generating rates that are used as benchmarks for roughly $10 trillion in loans and some $350 trillion in derivatives. For example, an adjustable-rate mortgage might require you to pay interest based on a given Libor rate plus 2 percent.

Libor rates are set each business day through a process overseen by the British Bankers' Association. Groups of banks are asked what interest rate they would have to pay to borrow money for a certain period of time and in a certain currency. The responses are collected by Thomson Reuters, which removes a certain percentage of the highest and lowest figures before calculating the averages and creating the Libor quotes.


Lawsuit Could Involve Thousands of Homeowners

The homeowners' lawsuit alleges that the banks that set the six-month, U.S.-dollar version of Libor consistently pushed it upward on the first business day of each month between 2000 and 2009. Those are the days on which adjustable-rate mortgages "reset," generating a new value for the variable rate borrowers pay based on the current Libor value.

With Libor rates pushed higher on these dates, the suit says, homeowners ended up paying more than they should have.

A review of 6-month U.S. dollar Libor rates from 2000 and 2001 "exposes an otherwise inexplicable increase in the rate on, or about, the first business day of each month," the suit says, adding that similar variations occurred up to February of 2009.

The banks in question either declined to comment or did not respond to requests for comment on the complaint, which was reported earlier by The Financial Times.

Thousands of Americans could potentially be part of the class action, the suit says. Between 2005 and 2009 alone, national banks originated some 900,000 adjustable-rate mortgages indexed to Libor, according to the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency.

The suit does not specify the damages it seeks, but says the defendant banks "earned hundreds of millions, if not billions, of dollars in wrongful profits" by defrauding homeowners. John Sharbrough, a lawyer for the plaintiffs, said the average borrower with a Libor-based mortgage paid about $300 extra per year as a result of the alleged conspiracy.


Two Methods of Manipulation

Tracking the consequences: Barclays' settlement earlier this year exposed two kinds of Libor manipulation.

The firm admitted that beginning in 2005, its traders colluded with colleagues and counterparts at other banks to move Libor rates both up and down, depending upon the day, to benefit their trading positions. The bank also admitted to low-balling its Libor submissions between 2007 and 2009, as the financial crisis gathered force, in order to appear stronger and more creditworthy to investors.

Most of the lawsuits filed thus far have come from individuals and organizations with investments that rose and fell with Libor values -- effectively, creditors -- who say they lost money when the rates were suppressed during the financial crisis. In the homeowner case, however, it's borrowers who say they lost money, alleging that certain Libor rates were regularly inflated dating back to 2000.

Sharbrough said there could be "a potential conflict" between the homeowners' complaint, which alleges that certain Libor rates were too high, and other suits alleging rates were too low, at least for the years 2007 to 2009. He added that he needed to study the issue further.

Mark Zandi, chief economist at Moody's Analytics, said both creditors and borrowers could conceivably have been harmed by Libor manipulation.

"It just depends on the rate environment and the timing," he said. Given the variety of financial products tied to different Libor rates, he added, "It's not surprising that you've got a blizzard of legal actions out of all this."

See more on CNNMoney:
25 Best Places to Retire
A New Housing Boom
9 Ways to Cut Your Energy Bills

10 PHOTOS
What in the Weird?! Strangest Real Estate Finds
See Gallery
Banks Accused of Defrauding Homeowners by Rigging Libor

When we think of a "floating home," what usually comes to mind is a luxurious houseboat, or even a gorgeous property perched on top of some kind of small, private island off the Californian coast (yeah, we watch too much "Million Dollar Listing"). But this home is pretty straightforward. It's a house. Floating in the middle of the ocean.

Well, if you can't beat 'em...

Thanks to Lovely Listing for this listing fail.

This listing should have a warning ("Serial killers -- your dream home!"). Some friendly lighting wouldn't hurt, either. Otherwise, this just comes across as a dark shed where creepy things happen...

Thanks to Warner Robins Real Estate for this listing fail.

Talk about skeletons in the closet (literally!). The owner of this three-bedroom house in Sweden is playing up the 13th-century skeleton and tomb that's just sitting in his house. ("This house has such great bones," you can almost hear the owner joke). Too creepy.

Thanks to our pals at Curbed for this listing fail.

A home with an "outdoor patio." Well-positioned to get some good sun, admittedly.

Thanks to Lovely Listing for the listing fail.

While we're on the topic of outdoor luxury features, this home has its own (elevated) 'al fresco' toilet.

Thanks to Nichols & Associates Real Estate for this listing fail.

This "private island" for sale is an oldie but a goodie. (See next image for details).

A comfy chair, a lamp, and water views. Really, what else do you need in life?

Thanks to Lovely Listing for this listing fail.

Just another "fixer-upper" to add to the collection.

Thanks to Nichols & Associates Real Estate for this listing fail.

Because sometimes, country living can get a little dull, that's why.

Thanks to Lovely Listing for this listing fail.

of
SEE ALL
BACK TO SLIDE
SHOW CAPTION +
HIDE CAPTION

More on AOL Real Estate:
Find out how to
calculate mortgage payments.
Find
homes for sale in your area.
Find
foreclosures in your area.
See celebrity real estate.

Follow us on Twitter at @AOLRealEstate or connect with AOL Real Estate on Facebook.

Read Full Story

Find a Home

Buy
Rent
Value
Powered by Zillow

People are Reading