B&G Foods: Dividend Dynamo or the Next Blowup?

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Dividend investing is a tried-and-true strategy for generating strong, steady returns in economies both good and bad. But as corporate America's slew of dividend cuts and suspensions over the past few years has demonstrated, it's not enough simply to buy a high yield. You also need to make sure those payouts are sustainable.

Let's examine how B&G Foods (NYS: BGS) stacks up in four critical areas to determine whether it's a dividend dynamo or a disaster in the making.

1. Yield
First and foremost, dividend investors like a large forward yield. But if a yield gets too high, it may reflect investors' doubts about the payout's sustainability. If investors had confidence in the stock, they'd be buying it, driving up the share price and shrinking the yield.

B&G yields 4.8%, considerably better than the S&P's 2.2%.

2. Payout ratio
The payout ratio might be the most important metric for judging dividend sustainability. It compares the amount of money a company paid out in dividends last year to the earnings it generated. A ratio that's too high -- say, greater than 80% of earnings -- indicates that the company may be stretching to make payouts it can't afford, even when its dividend yield doesn't seem particularly high.

B&G has a moderately high payout ratio of 70%. But the company generates considerably more free cash flow than net income; on a free cash flow basis, the payout ratio falls to 48%.

3. Balance sheet
The best dividend payers have the financial fortitude to fund growth and respond to whatever the economy and competitors throw at them. The interest coverage ratio indicates whether a company is having trouble meeting its interest payments -- any ratio less than five is a warning sign. Meanwhile, the debt-to-equity ratio is a good measure of a company's total debt burden.

Let's examine how B&G stacks up next to its peers:

B&G201%3 times
Kraft (NYS: KFT) 76%4 times
Kellogg (NYS: K) 245%9 times
Campbell Soup (NYS: CPB) 281%11 times

Source: S&P Capital IQ.

B&G has a high debt burden, though operating income has grown and interest payments have shrunk over the past few years.

4. Growth
A large dividend is nice; a large growing dividend is even better. To support a growing dividend, we also want to see earnings growth.

Over the past five years, B&G's earnings have grown at an impressive annual rate of 23%, while its dividend has shrunk at a 2% rate.

The Foolish bottom line
B&G exhibits a pretty strong dividend bill of health. It has a tasty yield, a moderate payout ratio, and strong earnings growth. Given its leverage, dividend investors will want to keep an eye on earnings stability and the company's ability to continue reducing debt. To stay up to speed on B&G's progress, add it to your stock watchlist. If you don't have one yet, you can create a free, personalized watchlist of your favorite stocks by clicking here.

At the time this article was published Ilan Moscovitzdoesn't own shares of any company mentioned.You can follow him on Twitter@TMFDada.Motley Fool newsletter serviceshave recommended buying shares of Kellogg. Try any of our Foolish newsletter servicesfree for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe thatconsidering a diverse range of insightsmakes us better investors. The Motley Fool has adisclosure policy.

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