1 Reason the Street Should Love United States Steel's Earnings

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It takes money to make money. Most investors know that, but with business media so focused on the "how much," very few investors bother to ask "How fast?"

When judging a company's prospects, how quickly it makes real cash money can be just as important as how much it's currently generating in the accounting fantasy world we call "earnings." It's one of the first metrics I check when I'm hunting for the market's best stocks. Today, we'll see how it applies to United States Steel (NYS: X) .

Let's break this down
To measure how swiftly a company turns cash into goods or services and back into cash, we'll lean on a quick, relatively foolproof metric known as the cash conversion cycle, or CCC for short.

Why does the CCC matter? The less time it takes a firm to convert outgoing cash into incoming cash, the more powerful and flexible the profit engine is. The less money tied up in inventory and accounts receivable, the more available to grow the company, pay investors, or both.

To calculate the cash conversion cycle, add days inventory outstanding to days sales outstanding, then subtract days payable outstanding. Like golf, the lower your score here, the better.

Here's the CCC for United States Steel alongside the comparable figure from a few competitors and peers.

United States Steel

$18,342

37

Nucor (NYS: NUE)

$17,024

50

Ternium S.A. (NYS: TX)

$7,878

102

Allegheny Technologies (NYS: ATI)

$4,376

114

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Dollar amounts in millions. Data is current as of last fully reported fiscal quarter. TTM = trailing 12 months.

For younger, fast-growth companies, the CCC can give you valuable insight into the sustainability of the growth. A company that's taking longer to make cash may need to tap financing to keep its momentum. For older, mature companies, the CCC can tell you how well the company is managed. Firms that begin to lose control of the CCC may be losing their clout with their suppliers (who might be demanding stricter payment terms) and customers (who might be demanding more generous terms). This can sometimes be an important signal of future distress -- one most investors are likely to miss.

While I find peer comparisons to be useful, I'm most interested in comparing a company's CCC to its prior performance. Here's where I believe all investors need to become trend-watchers. Sure, there may be legitimate reasons for an increase in the CCC, but all things being equal, I want to see this number stay steady or move downward over time.

anImage

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Dollar amounts in millions. FY = fiscal year. TTM = trailing 12 months.

Because of the seasonality in some businesses, the CCC for the TTM period may not be strictly comparable to the fiscal-year periods shown the chart. Even the steadiest-looking businesses on an annual basis will experience some quarterly fluctuations in the CCC. To get an understanding of the usual ebb and flow at United States Steel, consult the quarterly period chart below.

anImage

Source: S&P Capital IQ. Dollar amounts in millions. FQ = fiscal quarter.

On a 12-month basis, the trend at United States Steel looks OK. At 37.0 days, it is 1.7 days worse than the 5-year average of 35.3 days. The biggest contributor to that degradation was DSO, which has increased 10.2 days from the five-year average.

Considering the numbers on a quarterly basis, the CCC trend at United States Steel looks good. At 29.7 days, it is little changed from the average of the past eight quarters. With quarterly CCC doing better than average and the latest 12-month CCC coming in worse, United States Steel gets a mixed review in this cash-conversion checkup.

Though the CCC can take a little work to calculate, it's definitely worth watching every quarter. You'll be better informed about potential problems, and you'll improve your odds of finding the underappreciated home-run stocks that provide the market's best returns.

To stay on top of the CCC for your favorite companies, just use the handy links below to add companies to your free watchlist.

At the time this article was published Seth Jayson had no position in any company mentioned here at the time of publication. You can view his stock holdings here. He is co-advisor ofMotley Fool Hidden Gems, which provides new small-cap ideas every month, backed by a real-money portfolio. The Motley Fool owns shares of Nucor. Motley Fool newsletter services have recommended Nucor. Try any of our Foolish newsletter services free for 30 days. We Fools may not all hold the same opinions, but we all believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

Copyright © 1995 - 2011 The Motley Fool, LLC. All rights reserved. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy.

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