Your Facebook Status: Foreclosed
Foreclosure via Facebook? With roughly 4 million foreclosures in the pipeline in this country, some legal experts say it's just a matter of time until lenders win the right to serve documents through the giant social network.
That day has already come for one couple in Australia. When they defaulted on a six-figure loan and couldn't be found via a physical address or email, the lender's enterprising lawyers located them on Facebook. The lawyers were able to verify the couple's identities by matching up their names and birthdates -- and, of course, the fact that they had "friended" each other.
Australian courts upheld the lender's right to send foreclose notices via Facebook, citing the fact that the couple didn't enable privacy protections on their Facebook accounts and were frequent enough visitors to the site that they would "reasonably receive notice as a result."
While Marc Rotenberg, president of the Electronic Privacy Information Center in Washington, says he is unaware of Facebook being used in the U.S. to deliver legal notifications, but "it's bound to happen," he said. "The real concern the courts have is whether it's a fair notice that the person actually receives." According to Bloomberg BusinessWeek, courts in New Zealand, Canada and the U.K. already have adopted the Australian example to avoid having cases stall when people can't be located and served in person.
"There are people who exist only online," Joseph DeMarco, co-chair of the American Bar Association's criminal justice cyber crime committee, told the publication. The ability to serve documents by social-media networks would be useful, he said.
Facebook has taken heat before about its policies protecting the personal data of its 694 million users worldwide. Following the case in Australia, which happened in 2008, company spokesman Barry Schnitt said the company was pleased to see the Australian court validate Facebook as a reliable, secure and private medium. (Facebook did not respond to messages left by AOL.)
Is it appropriate to use social networks to find people and deliver legal papers to them via the network?
"No one likes to receive a legal service," said Rotenberg. Legal service, after all, usually isn't good news: Someone wants you for something. And yes, he adds, "There are going to be privacy concerns, but in some respects they're almost inescapable."
Email, by contrast, is generally not considered by courts to be a safe or reliable way to deliver legal notices. We get too much email, much of it winds up in spam and we don't always open everything in our in-boxes. Legal notices delivered this way can easily be discounted with a simple "I didn't see the email."
But Facebook, said Rotenberg, is different. If you don't have thousands of friends and you regularly post status updates indicating that you are active on the site, you lose the excuse that you likely overlooked the notice. Of course not everyone with a Facebook page visits the site regularly, but save it for the judge whether you're one of them.
Bottom line: It's probably going to be determined to be legal, just not likely to be popular. And should use of Facebook as an electronic process-server escalate as a norm, you can expect it would have some adverse impact on the site's participation levels. In the meantime, if you don't want the banks to find you, the best defense is enabling your privacy settings on Facebook and be mindful of the personal data you post.
For more on mortgages and related topics see these AOL Real Estate guides:
- How to Buy Foreclosures
- Spot Foreclosure Scammers Before They Spot You
- Foreclosure: What it Means for Renters
- Foreclosure Help: What a Housing Counselor Can Do
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